LATHAM, N.Y. -- The New York Army National Guard will have provided military funeral honors for 8,970 families of veterans and military members during 2018 by the midnight on Dec. 31.

Those honored in 2018 included Lewis Smith, a former Soldier who served in the Army from 1958 to 1960, and who was buried at Gerald B. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery on Dec. 20, and Army Pfc. John Martin, a Soldier who fought and died in Korea in Dec. 1950 and was interred Dec. 2 in the cemetery in Schuylerville, N.Y. next to his parents.

The number is not much different from the 8,977 funeral services the New York Army National Guard conducted across the state in 2017. In 2016 the New York Army National Guard conducted 9,090 military funerals.

New York Army National Guard teams located across the state expect to conduct 8,970 funerals by the end of the year, according to Peter J. Moran, the New York State coordinator for the military funeral honors program. As of Dec. 20 the Army National Guard Honor Guard Soldiers had conducted 8,750 missions.

The New York Army National Guard runs a centralized military funeral honors program with eight area offices.

The bulk of those funerals--5,184-- were handled by Soldiers based on Long Island and New York City.
Soldiers serving the region from Albany to Syracuse and north conducted 1,532 funerals.

Another 2,034 funerals have been conducted by teams covering the region from Rochester to Buffalo and the Southern tier counties.
The New York Air National Guard's base honor guards expect to perform 2,185 military funerals by New Year's Day.

The New York Air National Guard's five wings and the Eastern Air Defense Sector--a component of the North American Aerospace Defense Command--each has their own base honor guard.

Since 2000, federal law has mandated that any military veteran who did not receive a dishonorable discharge from the armed forces is eligible for military honors at his or her funeral. The ceremony must include the folding and presenting of the flag of the United States to the veteran's survivors and the playing of Taps.

The New York Army National Guard provides services for Army veterans.

The law mandates that all former service members' funerals must include the folding and presenting of an American flag to the veterans survivors and the playing of taps. The honor guard's normally use an electronic bugle--a bugle with a sound system inside--to provide this other service.

Those eligible for funeral honors include:
• Military members on active duty or the Reserves, which includes the National Guard .
• Former military members who served on active duty and departed under conditions other than dishonorable.
• Former military members who completed at least one term of enlistment or period of initial obligated service in the Selected Reserve and departed under conditions other than dishonorable.
• Former military members discharged from the Selected Reserve due to a disability incurred or aggravated in the line of duty.

Serving military members and retirees are eligible for services that can include pallbearers and a firing party as well as the basic funeral functions.

Families can request military funeral services through their funeral service director.

The New York Army National Guard had been providing funeral honors for over 10,000 veterans annually from 2010 to 2014, but those numbers began declining as elderly World War II veterans died, Moran said.

New York, according to the Department of Veteran Affairs, was home to 440,729 veterans over age 65 in 2015. That number is expected to decline to 356,246 as veterans in 2020 who served in World War II decline from 51,000 to 15,000.

The New York Army National Guard has 36 members who conduct funerals on a full-time basis and another 90 to 110 part-time Soldiers who can be called on as needed, according to Moran. Each Soldier goes through a training program designed to hone their skills in performing the precise steps involved in the program.

New York Army National Guard Sgt. Joshua Sanzo, who heads the Latham honor guard office, is responsible for coordinating funeral services from the Hudson Valley to the Canadian border and west to Utica, N.Y. His team is responsible for burials at Gerald B. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery and conducted over 900 funerals in 2018.

He has three full-time honor guard Soldiers and five to six part-time National Guard Soldiers he can call on.

The biggest challenge, Sanzo said, is ensuring that he gets his people out to each funeral. "We're seeing an increase in details in my office," he said.

"To me, personally, the most rewarding thing is to be able to give the veterans the honors they deserve," Sanzo said. "It is us being able to give back to the veterans and giving them their final salute and to lay a fallen brother to rest."