• June 25, 1950: The North Korean People's Army invades across the 38th Parallel. The South Korean people simply say "6-2-5 (pronounced yoo-gee-o), June 25th, (see above in Hangul) to remember the beginning of the war that divides their homeland to this day. We salute the thousands of American and allied veterans who served and fought in war-torn Korea in 1950-1953 and beyond. today's Soldiers are inspired by their courage and sacrifices as they too defend our freedoms around the world.

    Time -- Korea 1950-1953

    June 25, 1950: The North Korean People's Army invades across the 38th Parallel. The South Korean people simply say "6-2-5 (pronounced yoo-gee-o), June 25th, (see above in Hangul) to remember the beginning of the war that divides their homeland to this...

  • North Korean People's Army (NKPA) invades across the 38th Parallel with 135,000 men. The outnumbered Republic of Korea Army (ROKA), which does not have effective anti-tank weapons, field artillery, or combat aircraft, suffers heavy casualties. North Korean forces enter Seoul June 28.

    June 25, 1950

    North Korean People's Army (NKPA) invades across the 38th Parallel with 135,000 men. The outnumbered Republic of Korea Army (ROKA), which does not have effective anti-tank weapons, field artillery, or combat aircraft, suffers heavy casualties. North...

  • First battle between the U.S. Army and the NKPA. The 24th Infantry Division's Task Force Smith, a battalion combat team deployed from Japan, attempted to delay the advance of an NKPA division near Osan. Outnumbered and poorly equipped, Task Force Smith delays the North Koreans for only a short period before retreating with heavy casualties.

    July 5, 1950

    First battle between the U.S. Army and the NKPA. The 24th Infantry Division's Task Force Smith, a battalion combat team deployed from Japan, attempted to delay the advance of an NKPA division near Osan. Outnumbered and poorly equipped, Task Force Smith...

  • Defense of Pusan Perimeter. After a series of costly delaying actions during July, the U.S. Eighth Army withdrew Aug. 1, into a final defensive line around the key port city of Pusan. After deploying from Japan the previous month, Eighth Army had assumed command of all U.S., ROKA, and other nations' ground combat units fighting to defeat the North Korean invasion. As reinforcements from the U.S. and several other nations arrive at the port, Eighth Army directed the successful defense of the perimeter against major NKPA attacks in August and September.

    Aug. 6 - Sept. 12, 1950

    Defense of Pusan Perimeter. After a series of costly delaying actions during July, the U.S. Eighth Army withdrew Aug. 1, into a final defensive line around the key port city of Pusan. After deploying from Japan the previous month, Eighth Army had...

  • X Crops amphibious assault at Inchon, Seoul's port city. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, commander-in-chief of Far East Command and commander-in-chief of United Nations Command, plans to liberate Seoul and crush the NKPA between X Corps and Eighth Army. Eighth Army begins its breakout from the Pusan Perimeter Sept. 16.

    Sept. 15, 1950

    X Crops amphibious assault at Inchon, Seoul's port city. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, commander-in-chief of Far East Command and commander-in-chief of United Nations Command, plans to liberate Seoul and crush the NKPA between X Corps and...

  • X Corps completes liberation of Seoul. Eighth Army has linked up with X Corps, and while many North Korean soldiers escape, most NKPA units are destroyed.

    Sept. 28, 1950

    X Corps completes liberation of Seoul. Eighth Army has linked up with X Corps, and while many North Korean soldiers escape, most NKPA units are destroyed.

  • Eighth Army seized Pyongyang, capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, after UN forces shift from the defense of South Korea to the destruction of the North Korean regime. The NKPA can mount only very limited and generally ineffective opposition. Meanwhile, X Corps has been withdrawn from Seoul to land in northeastern Korea.

    Oct. 19, 1950

    Eighth Army seized Pyongyang, capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, after UN forces shift from the defense of South Korea to the destruction of the North Korean regime. The NKPA can mount only very limited and generally ineffective...

  • Two army groups of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) attack and defeat outnumbered UN forces in North Korea, inflicting heavy casualties. The People's Republic of China (PRC), after warning the UN, intervenes to prevent the destruction of the North Korean regime and the establishment of an American-allied Korea on its border. after the attack, the Eighth Army breaks contact with the Chinese and retreats into South Korea; X Corps is withdrawn by sea to South Korea, where it joins Eighth Army. Two significant battles during this period include the 2nd Infantry Division's harrowing withdrawal through the Kunur-ri gauntlet and the 1st Marine Division's heroic efforts in the Chosin Reservoir battle.

    Nov. 26-30, 1950

    Two army groups of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) attack and defeat outnumbered UN forces in North Korea, inflicting heavy casualties. The People's Republic of China (PRC), after warning the UN, intervenes to prevent the destruction of the...

  • UN forces evacuate Seoul after the Chinese and NKPA launch another major offensive. Eighth Army breaks contact with the enemy and withdraws to a new defensive line south of the Han River.

    Jan. 4, 1951

    UN forces evacuate Seoul after the Chinese and NKPA launch another major offensive. Eighth Army breaks contact with the enemy and withdraws to a new defensive line south of the Han River.

  • Eighth Army begins a counter-offensive with an emphasis on using its superior firepower to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy. After defeating another major enemy attack in February, the counter-offensive begins.

    Jan. 24, 1951

    Eighth Army begins a counter-offensive with an emphasis on using its superior firepower to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy. After defeating another major enemy attack in February, the counter-offensive begins.

  • Eighth Army retakes Seoul against light enemy resistance.

    March 14, 1951

    Eighth Army retakes Seoul against light enemy resistance.

  • Eighth Army reaches the 38th Parallel. Enemy resistance continues to be light, but intelligence indicates that the Chinese are massing their forces for another major offensive.

    March 27, 1951

    Eighth Army reaches the 38th Parallel. Enemy resistance continues to be light, but intelligence indicates that the Chinese are massing their forces for another major offensive.

  • President Truman relieves Gen. MacArthur as CINCFEC/CINCUNC after MacArthur had publicly and repeatedly questioned President Truman's strategy for the war.

    April 11, 1951

    President Truman relieves Gen. MacArthur as CINCFEC/CINCUNC after MacArthur had publicly and repeatedly questioned President Truman's strategy for the war.

  • Chinese Spring Offensives. After forcing the outnumbered Eighth Army to make tactical withdrawals, Chinese and North Korea units in April and May are decimated by superior UN firepower. This is the last attempt by either side to win the war by inflicting a crushing battlefield defeat on the enemy's army.

    April 22-29, 1951 & May 16-20, 1951

    Chinese Spring Offensives. After forcing the outnumbered Eighth Army to make tactical withdrawals, Chinese and North Korea units in April and May are decimated by superior UN firepower. This is the last attempt by either side to win the war by...

  • May 7, NPKA prisoners-of-war at the UN POW camp on Koje Island capture the camp commander. He is released unharmed after an American officer signs a statement admitting to the mistreatment of POWs. A great propaganda victory for the communists, this incident is the most notable example of the communist strategy to turn POW camps into another battlefield of the war. During June, the UN POW camp system is reorganized to improve security, although communist POWs will continue to provoke violent incidents until the end of the war.

    May 7 - June 10, 1952

    May 7, NPKA prisoners-of-war at the UN POW camp on Koje Island capture the camp commander. He is released unharmed after an American officer signs a statement admitting to the mistreatment of POWs. A great propaganda victory for the communists, this...

  • Battle for White Horse Mountain. The successful defense of this position by the ROKA 9th Division, with the assistance of U.S. artillery and air strikes, against heavy Chinese attacks signals the great improvements the ROKA has made, with the aid of American advisers, in its tactical and technical competence since the first year of the war.

    Oct. 6-15, 1952

    Battle for White Horse Mountain. The successful defense of this position by the ROKA 9th Division, with the assistance of U.S. artillery and air strikes, against heavy Chinese attacks signals the great improvements the ROKA has made, with the aid of...

  • Armistice negotiations recessed because of a deadlock on the issue of repatriation of POWs. While the Geneva Convention of 1949 mandates immediate repatriation of POWs after hostilities end, the U.S. decides to press for allowing POWs to chose whether they will be repatriated. The U.S. Takes this position because screening of enemy POWs has revealed that tens of thousands of them are either South Korean conscripted into the KNPA or Nationalist veterans of the Chinese Civil War drafted into the PLA after the communist victory in that war. These POWs do not want to go to North Korea of the PRC after hostilities end.

    Oct. 8, 1952

    Armistice negotiations recessed because of a deadlock on the issue of repatriation of POWs. While the Geneva Convention of 1949 mandates immediate repatriation of POWs after hostilities end, the U.S. decides to press for allowing POWs to chose whether...

  • Armistice negotiations resume. While both South and North Koreans still desire to defeat each other and unify the peninsula, the UN and the PRC wish to end what has become a bloody and expensive war who objective, the status quo ante bellum, is for them not worth the cost of continuing.

    April 26, 1953

    Armistice negotiations resume. While both South and North Koreans still desire to defeat each other and unify the peninsula, the UN and the PRC wish to end what has become a bloody and expensive war who objective, the status quo ante bellum, is for...

  • The 25th Infantry Division battle for Nevada outpost complex. The Chinese repeatedly attack to take these outposts, suffering very heavy casualties, until Eighth Army decides to abandon the outposts. With an armistice agreement in sight, senior UN commanders conclude that holding an outpost, after the Chinese have demonstrated a willingness to sacrifice whatever number of soldiers require to take it, is not worth the cost in UN soldiers' lives. The Chinese take several other outposts with this tactic, which is designed to distract from their concessions at the armistice negotiations and to keep pressuring the UN during the final stage of the negotiations.

    May 28-29, 1953

    The 25th Infantry Division battle for Nevada outpost complex. The Chinese repeatedly attack to take these outposts, suffering very heavy casualties, until Eighth Army decides to abandon the outposts. With an armistice agreement in sight, senior UN...

  • Agreement reach at armistice negotiations on repatriation of POWs. All POWs will choose whether they will be repatriated, and both sides will be allowed an attempt to persuade its POWs to choose to be repatriated.

    June 8, 1953

    Agreement reach at armistice negotiations on repatriation of POWs. All POWs will choose whether they will be repatriated, and both sides will be allowed an attempt to persuade its POWs to choose to be repatriated.

  • Chinese offensive against ROKA units in Kumsong Salient. A major attack breaks through ROKA lines and inflicts heavy losses, but the Chinese do not attempt to exploit the breach, even though they also have suffered heavy casualties. The purpose of the attack is to punish the South Koreans for unilaterally releasing 27,000 POWs who had refused repatriation and to distract world attention from the concessions made at the armistice negotiations.

    July 13-19, 1953

    Chinese offensive against ROKA units in Kumsong Salient. A major attack breaks through ROKA lines and inflicts heavy losses, but the Chinese do not attempt to exploit the breach, even though they also have suffered heavy casualties. The purpose of the...

  • Armistice signed at Panmunjom. Both sides then withdraw slightly to create a demilitarized zone between the two Korean regimes.

    July 27, 1953

    Armistice signed at Panmunjom. Both sides then withdraw slightly to create a demilitarized zone between the two Korean regimes.

  • Exchange of POWs. A total of 82,493 Koreans and Chinese POWs are repatriated, as are 13,444 UN POWs (3,746 of which are Americans). 21,839 communist POWs refuse repatriation, as do 347 UN POWs, including 21 Americans.

    Aug. 1953 - Feb. 1954

    Exchange of POWs. A total of 82,493 Koreans and Chinese POWs are repatriated, as are 13,444 UN POWs (3,746 of which are Americans). 21,839 communist POWs refuse repatriation, as do 347 UN POWs, including 21 Americans.

Page last updated Wed June 26th, 2013 at 08:08