By U.S. ArmyDecember 4, 2014
The U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command was established on October 1, 1997. It was formed with the merger of the aviation portion of the US Army Aviation and Troop Command and the US Army Missile Command. The AMCOM LCMC at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama was formed in October 2004 to transform from a concept to an integrated, closely aligned organization with a single commander who has the primary responsibility for the life cycle of all the Army's aviation and missile weapon systems. AMCOM has a rich history and the nucleus of its organizations also produced the experienced teams that became NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, the Army Space and Missile Defense Command and the Defense Intelligence Agency's Missile and Space Intelligence Center. AMCOM is headquartered at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, a 38,000-acre installation that is home to more than 60 international, federal, and Department of Defense organizations.
Chronological Highlights Leading to the Establishment of the Command:
1941 - Redstone Arsenal established as one of two U.S. Army arsenals on a 40,000-acre tract near Huntsville, Alabama, to produce of rounds of conventional chemical ammunition.
Oct 48 - The Chief of Ordnance designates Redstone Arsenal as the center for Ordnance research and development in the field of rockets.
1 Jun 49 - The Chief of Ordnance officially activates the arsenal as the site of the Ordnance
28 Oct 49 - In the interest of economy and efficiency, the Secretary of the Army approves the
transfer of the Ordnance Research and Development Division Sub-Office (Rocket) at Fort Bliss,
Texas, to Redstone Arsenal.
22 Oct 52 - The Transportation Corps Army Aviation Field Service Office (TCAAFSO) established at
St. Louis, Missouri, as a Class II Activity under the jurisdiction of the Chief of Transportation.
Mar 55 - TCAAFSO and the Transportation Materiel Command located in Marietta, Pennsylvania, which had logistical responsibility for rail and marine equipment, consolidates into the Transportation Supply and Maintenance Command (TSMC), headquartered at St. Louis, Missouri.
1 Feb 56 - The U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) established at Redstone Arsenal.
31 Mar 58 - The U.S. Army Ordnance Missile Command (AOMC) established at Redstone Arsenal.
Subordinate elements of the command include ABMA; the U.S. Army Rocket and Guided Missile Agency (ARGMA), activated on 1 Apr 58; the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL); White Sands Missile Range (WSMR); and Redstone Arsenal.
3 Dec 58 - JPL transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration
1 Oct 59 - Transportation Supply and Maintenance Command redesignated as the U.S. Army
Transportation Materiel Command (TMC).
1 Jul 60 - AOMC/ABMA transfers all of its space-related missions, along with 4,000 civilian
employees and $100 million worth of buildings and equipment at Redstone Arsenal and Cape Canaveral, Florida, to NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, which officially opened on this day at Redstone
11 Dec 61 - ABMA and ARGMA abolished as separate organizations, and their functions and personnel merge with AOMC Headquarters. WSMR removed from the command's jurisdiction on 1 Jan 62 and placed directly under the Chief of Ordnance.
23 May 62 - MICOM officially established;, fully staffed and operational on 1 Aug 62.
1 Aug 62 - Transportation Materiel Command placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Mobility Command (MOCOM), a major subordinate command of Army Materiel Command.
1 Nov 62 - TMC redesignated the U.S. Army Aviation and Surface Materiel Command.
28 Feb 64 - The U.S. Army Aviation and Surface Materiel Command redesignated as the U.S. Army Aviation Materiel Command (AVCOM).
1 Aug 66 - The assignment of AVCOM to MOCOM terminated; AVCOM established as a major subordinate command of AMC.
23 Sep 68 - AVCOM redesignated the U.S. Army Aviation Systems Command (AVSCOM).
31 Jan 77 - Missions and people of MICOM split between the U.S. Army Missile Materiel Readiness Command (MIRCOM) and the U.S. Army Missile Research and Development Command (MIRADCOM).
1 Jul 77 - AVSCOM discontinued and its readiness mission combined with that of the U.S. Army Troop Support Command (TROSCOM) to form the U.S. Army Troop Support and Aviation Materiel Readiness Command (TSARCOM). AVSCOM's aviation research and development mission assigned to the newly established U.S. Army Aviation Research and Development Command (AVRADCOM).
1 Jul 79 - AMC decides that the most logical and efficient way to meet the requirements of the Army missile program is under the single command concept. Consequently, MIRCOM and MIRADCOM disestablished and their organizational elements, missions, functions, manpower spaces, and people combined in place under the reinstituted MICOM.
1 Mar 84 - AVSCOM reestablished and all missions and activities of AVRADCOM and the aviation
related missions and activities of the Troop Support and Aviation Materiel Readiness Command
transferred to AVSCOM.
1 May 87 - Management of the aviation and missile programs both at AVSCOM and MICOM changed significantly with the provisional establishment of the concept of Program Executive Offices (PEOs) at both locations. The primary mission of the PEOs is to direct and control the development, production, fielding, product improvement, and follow-on support of assigned programs and systems.
1 Oct 92 - Army Aviation and Troop Command established, consolidating the existing missions of
AVSCOM and TROSCOM less those missions and organizations transferred to other commands.
8 Sep 95 - Congress approves the Base and Realignment Commission (BRAC) 95 List, disestablishing ATCOM and transfers its mission and organizations to Redstone Arsenal to merge with the Army Missile Command to form AMCOM.
17 Jul 97 - Army Aviation and Missile Command is provisionally established.
1 Oct 97 - AMC Permanent Orders 344-1, dated 9 Dec 96, formally establishes AMCOM.