Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
1 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – An Abrams M1A2 System Enhancement Package version 3 tank with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, hides in a snow covered wood during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
2 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – An M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle assigned to 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, scouts ahead of an M1 Abrams tank during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 4, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
3 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Two Abrams M1A2 System Enhancement Package version 3 tanks with the 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, hide in the woods during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 4, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
4 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A U.S. Soldier with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, prepares to fire a simulated anti-tank round using an AT4 during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
5 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A U.S. Army Soldier with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, takes aim at opposing forces during a simulated battle drill at Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 5, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
6 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A U.S. Soldier with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, guards an area along the road during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 10, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
7 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A U.S. Army Soldier with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, fires blank rounds through an M240 machine gun during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
8 / 8 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Soldiers with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, patrol snow covered woods during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL

NIINISALO, Finland — U.S. Soldiers assigned to 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, participated in exercise Hammer 22, near Niinisalo, Finland, which occurred between Oct. 31 and Nov. 13. Hammer 22 is a two-week training operational exercise conducted alongside soldiers of Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces.

This exercise was held as part of an ongoing effort by United States and Finnish military counterparts to train alongside one another and improve operational tactics, techniques and procedures, or TTPs, between the two forces. Over the course of two weeks, combined forces performed numerous training scenarios that focused on international support procedures geared towards developing more cohesive joint fire operations.

Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
1 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A Finnish soldier rides a motorcycle during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted alongside the the United States Army’s 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 4, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
2 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Soldiers with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, conduct an after action review with a Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 4, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
3 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Soldiers with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, patrol a section in a snow covered wood inside an Abrams M1A2 System Enhancement Package version 3 tank during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
4 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A Finnish soldier sets model mines down on a road during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted alongside the United States Army’s 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
5 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Sgt. Domingo Mata, a team leader with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, scans the snow covered terrain during a simulated battle drill at Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 9, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL

“This has been a huge learning opportunity for Finns,” said Col. Rainer Kuosmanen, commander of the Finnish Armored Brigade. "I suppose it has been for the [United States Army] as well.”

More than 4,000 Finnish soldiers, including 2,500 reserve soldiers and about 200 U.S. Soldiers from the 3-1 ABCT, trained shoulder to shoulder operating numerous M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicles and Abrams tanks throughout the duration of exercise Hammer 22.

During a ceremony held at the end of the first week, Kuosmanen, alongside other officers of Finland’s Armored Brigade, presented traditional Finnish knives to select U.S. Soldiers who excelled throughout the first week of the exercise.

“I am truly happy that the U.S. Army is a part of this exercise,” Kuosmanen said. “This is the main exercise to make sure our mechanized troops and our operational reserves are ready. Hopefully, during this week and next week you will see that Finland is ready to defend itself.”

Lt. Col. Levi Thompson, commander of the 6-9 Cavalry Regiment, gifted the cavalry unit’s signature Stetson to members of Finland’s Armored Brigade who performed alongside U.S. Soldiers in similar fashion.

Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
1 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Lt. Col. Levi Thompson, commander of 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division (right), shakes Finnish Armored Brigade Col. Rainer Kuosmanen’s hand after presenting him with the cavalry unit’s signature Stetson at a ceremony held during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 5, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
2 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Col. Rainer Kuosmanen, commander of the Finnish Armored Brigade, salutes U.S. Capt. Anna Jones, a troop commander with 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, after presenting her with a traditional Finnish knife honoring her work during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 5, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
3 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Lt. Col. Levi Thompson, commander of 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, presents Finnish Capt. Jose Mäntäylä, the exercise planner, with the cavalry unit’s signature Stetson at a ceremony held during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 5, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
4 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Soldiers assigned to 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, stand in formation alongside soldiers of Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces towards the end of Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted at a training site near Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 10, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL

“I am truly honored,” said Finnish Capt. Mikael Hanninen, leader of the Host Nation Support team, after he was awarded a Stetson. “We can and we will.”

U.S. and Finnish forces worked together through numerous field problems and conducted battle drills using the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System to create realistic situations that allow for each unit to learn from one another in real-time simulated combat scenarios.

Capt. Joseph M. Browne, a fire support officer with the 3-1 ABCT, stated that U.S. Soldiers were attached to a Finnish battle group to learn TTPs and fight more fluidly as an armored cavalry troop.

In addition to multiple laps run through a simulated combat arena, forward observers with the 3-1 ABCT set up an observation point. While they gathered grid coordinates, Finnish tanker and mortar crews fired live ordnance at targets down range. Soldiers used this opportunity to train their Finnish counterparts to communicate more efficiently and effectively using common nomenclature used by the United States.

“The Finnish Army is very professional,” Browne said. “There are a few things that they do differently, but we all understand the same language when it comes to fire support.”

Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
1 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Finnish soldiers, supporting 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, run over a berm during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 10, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
2 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Aaron Deckard (right), operations noncommissioned officer in charge assigned to 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, coordinates with Finnish Cpl. Verneri Manskikka and Officer Candidate Eero Kanasuo during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 8, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
3 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A Finnish soldier, supporting 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division's flank, hides in the woods during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 10, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1st Infantry Division proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL
Hammer Through the Fall: U.S. and Finnish Forces Conduct Combined Exercise
4 / 4 Show Caption + Hide Caption – U.S. Army Col. John B. Gilliam, commander of the 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, operationally assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, talks with forward observers assigned to the unit as they conduct live fire training alongside their Finnish Counterparts during Hammer 22, an annual combined forces exercise conducted by and alongside Finland’s Army Headquarters, Armored Brigade, Pori Brigade, Karelia Brigade, Uti Jaeger Regiment, and Logistics Department of the Defence Forces, in Niinisalo, Finland, Nov. 5, 2022. The 3-1 ABCT is among other units under the 1 ID proudly working alongside allies and regional security partners to provide combat-credible forces to V Corps, America’s forward deployed corps in Europe. (Photo Credit: U.S. Army Spc. Charles Leitner) VIEW ORIGINAL

Throughout the exercise, inclement weather enveloped Soldiers in new environments. Between bouts of rain and snow, the flat dense wooded terrain introduced many Soldiers of the 3-1 ABCT to different methods of combat. While cavalry scouts engaged simulated enemy units in a constantly changing environment, Abrams and Bradley crew members worked to navigate the muddy trails that snaked through the pine trees and surrounding fens that were heavily mined with large mossy granite rocks.

“U.S. Soldiers are getting an awesome opportunity to train in an environment they’ve never trained in before,” said Browne. “Specifically for our troop, I think this is the first time these Soldiers have operated in a wood and muddy environment, we’re used to a sandy type of environment, so this is a brand-new concept for them. Overall, it presents a challenge for them to test their skills.”

U.S. and Finnish soldiers left the exercise feeling more confident in their ability to operate more effectively alongside one another.

“I know we have a team here we can fight alongside with,” said Thompson.

Learn more about the 1st Cavalry Division

Follow the 1st CAV on Facebook

Follow 1st CAV on Twitter