PARADISE, Calif. - As the Camp Fire raged across the fields and forests of Butte County, Deborah Damonte sat on her home's tiled roof and watched the flames begin to burn along the edges of her property. She and her husband hadn't been able to evacuate in time, so they remained on their ranch, watching the fire sweep across the landscape and turn the skies black with ash.
"The power line came down across the road, and we couldn't leave, so we stayed," Damonte said. "It was scary when I saw the house across the road go up. You could see in the distance the fire going all around our property."
Damonte and her husband had already lost almost everything in a fire once before. During the 2008 fire siege they saw their barn, woods, fields and fences all burn. After the smoke cleared, their adobe home was the only structure still standing. She said they learned some lessons during that fire, and believes it helped them survive the fire this time.
"Our house remained, but everything else burned," Damonite said. "When we rebuilt, it was pretty fireproof."
Megan Brown also stayed on her ranch when the evacuation order came. A sixth generation rancher, Brown was ready with a plan, including a mapped out sequence of locations she could escape to if the flames came too close. Brown was afraid that if she left, she wouldn't be able to get back to her animals - 60 cows and their calves, and about 40 of her prized pigs.
"If they don't get fed, things could get ugly," Brown said.
David Johnson, with the USDA Wildlife services in Shasta County, said Brown and Damonte's stories are common. Johnson knows the residents of this area. He carries a ring filled with dozens of keys, each belonging to ranchers who trust him with their homes.
"They trust us to come in when they're not there," Johnson said. "It's a high compliment, and a great responsibility."
Even when the ranchers face devastating, life-threatening situations, Johnson said they will often decide to stay on their land rather than leave their herds alone and at risk.
"These folks won't leave their animals," Johnson said. "They're family members, and they won't leave them."
Damonte and Brown were both lucky. While the fire torched the areas around them, they and their animals were safe. Damonte watched from her roof as five tons of hay turned to ash just steps from her door. The fires also destroyed the flumes which delivered water to Brown's ranch. With roads closed and resources limited, the lack of food and water meant their animals were still at risk. While their property was out of danger, they now faced a whole new set of challenges - how to feed and water their animals while the surrounding infrastructure was still destroyed.
After 23 days on the go, with non-stop phone calls and interviews, Lisa Almaguer was ready to be with her family. Almaguer, the Public Information Officer for Butte County Public Health and Animal Control, had been working 16-hour days since the incident began. It didn't leave her a lot of time to get home.
"The other day, my kids were fighting over who got to stand next to me," she said.
Almaguer traveled across the county, continually pushing out up-to-date information in a rapidly evolving environment. She embedded at the Incident Command Post and worked with media to to ensure residents knew what resources were available to them, and where they could go for help.
As quickly as the evacuations started, Butte County officials began working in joint coordination with other state agencies and organizations like North Valley Animal Disaster Group to respond to the needs of residents and ranchers who needed assistance for their animals.
NVADG set up shelters for displaced or rescued animals, and started pushing out donated supplies and food to residents in need. Teams of volunteers mobilized to feed animals that were sheltered in place and to check on animals when concerned citizens called their emergency hotline. The USDA sent wilderness specialists from across the state, who helped run water and food to ranchers and farms around the area. It was a massive coordinated effort.
That's where animal rescue experts like Willmer Dyslin comes in. Dyslin, an Army veteran and former NVDAG volunteer, has a history of working these kinds of events, going into flood and fire zones to get things moving smoothly. He took a role as a warehouse manager during the Camp Fire response, but said he offers a broad range of skills.
"The know they can call me," Dyslin said. "They call me in to fix stuff, and I get it fixed."
Dyslin started rolling out 20 tons of feed a day, setting up cache points for owners to pick up supplies, and directing drops to locations in and outside of the fire zone.
Still, Almaguer understood the residents of the area were anxious about the conditions of their animals. She said she wanted to reassure them that the inter-agency coordination has been highly effective.
"Our field teams are being supported by National agencies who have experience in major disasters," she said. "The animals are safe, and being cared for."
Derek Milsaps, USDA Assistant Director for Northern California, echoed the strength of the cross-functional effort.
"It's pretty rare, something of this magnitude," Milsaps said. "And we have a unique organization that can work together to respond effectively."
Though the warehouse had previously been pushing out 20 tons, Dyslin said operations had slowed down, and he'd only been able to send 9 tons the Sunday after Thanksgiving. He had the resources to send out, but it was tough to get tons of hay miles across the mountain in the bed of a pick up trucks.
Then, they called in the California Army National Guard.
BIG TRUCKS, BIGGER IMPACT
Soldiers from the 2632nd Transportation company rolled in to Oroville late Sunday. Based in Sacramento, it took the convoy over four hours to move their trucks in. A sun-down curfew on the mountain meant it was too late for them to get started that night, but they were ready for action at 7:30 the next morning.
David Johnson, the USDA wilderness specialist, said he saw the impact immediately.
"There was no way we could keep up. First day the guys were here, they moved 90 tons like that," he said, snapping his fingers together. "They brought 200 gallons of water at a time. They took the deuce and a half (M35 cargo truck), and it was incredible. They got 30 bales to someone who had 100 goats."
He said the acceleration of supply has had a tremendous impact on the area residents.
"It's been a pleasure to watch the morale," Johnson said. "When you show up, the people, they realize this can happen. I see them smile for the first time."
Hauling pet food and bucking hay isn't the kind of work the Transportation Company is used to.
"Normally our mission is transporting infantry and personnel," said Sgt. 1st Class Jeffrey M. Hawley, Operations NCO and truck master for the 2632nd. "This is something we never thought we'd be doing, but we're doing it."
The company moved quickly once called, and the unconventional assignment just gave them an opportunity for a new perspective on the skills they can bring to an emergency response.
"We think about the human impact, not just their livelihood," said Hawley. "It's a good experience, to understand the broad perspective."
Platoon Leader 2nd Lt. Mackenzie Q. Foss moved to California just a few months ago from South Dakota. New to the company and the state, Foss had never been mobilized for a emergency active duty before. She said she's been moved by the experience.
'It just breaks my heart - just seeing the area, the number of people it has affected," she said. "It's really eye opening to see the way the community pulls together. We're working with civilians and combined forces to help any way we can."
Foss repeated a common sentiment among the crews, remarking on how quickly the operations had come together. She credited the leadership of her team, who she said helped ensure the Soldiers knew what to do, even with the unusual mission.
"We've got an awesome team," he said. "We have a lot of senior NCOs who did this work on deployment. Our leadership is unfolding to our junior Soldiers, who are out here learning a lot."
Spc. Miguel Costa, a truck driver, said it was a rewarding experience. He's been with the unit since 2015, and has gone out on fire missions before, but he hasn't worked on an operation quite like this.
"It's good to see civilians helping, and law enforcement," Costa said. "It's great to see a joint task force, and everyone participating. It's good to see the community itself coming out."
Costa said he wasn't surprised by how quickly the coordinated effort came together.
"My team is on it," he said. "No matter if it's last minute, we always get rolling right on the spot."
DELIVERING HELP, OFFERING HOPE
As soon as the evacuation order came in, Tina Rickert was ready to move. She loaded her truck with her family and her two rescue dogs, and headed out of town. But first, she stopped at her elderly neighbor's house to check on him.
"We pounded on the door until he answered," she said. "We told him we have to go right NOW. He had no idea. He hadn't even heard it."
The neighbor grabbed his dog and joined Rickert, along with her mother, her husband, their adult daughter and two rescue dogs. As the fire swept across the mountain, they drove 4.5 hours through crowded back country roads to a safe shelter at a neighborhood church.
"We all made it down together," Rickert said.
Before she was even allowed to return back home, Rickert, a veteran of the Air Force National Guard, was already looking for ways to help her community heal. She jumped immediately into wildlife and animal rescue efforts.
After two weeks in the heart of the fire zone, the smoke exposure started to affect her, hurting her throat and lungs. She knew she needed to take care of herself, but felt she just couldn't walk away.
Dyslin understood her reluctance to leave, and he had an idea how she could take care of her health and still be part of the action. Rickert's home was only a few minutes outside the evacuation zone, and easily accessible to residents both in and outside the evacuation zone.
"I was talking to Will, and he said, 'If you really want to help, what about putting a feed store at your house?'" Rickert said. "I didn't want to come home at all, but this was a way to keep serving the community."
Only a few hours after the 2632nd started work, they had already made their second drop to Rickert's house, successfully converting it to a feed center. As the day dimmed into twilight, the Soldiers filled Rickert's garage with pet food and kitty litter, and loaded bales of hay onto pallets. Before the sun set, Rickert would have nearly five tons of supplies stacked neatly, waiting for anyone in need.
On Brown's ranch, the cattle troughs were empty. Even though storms threatened to flood the area, there was little standing water for them to drink, and more cattle were on the way. When the Soldiers arrived with water tanks, Brown was overwhelmed.
"They just pulled up and it was magical," Brown said. "They are saving our lives right now. This means so much to me and to the community."
David Johnson and his colleague at the USDA, Scott Esplin, got to work filling the giant water troughs. Johnson pulled a 100-gallon water jug from the bed of his pick up and handed it to Brown. The tank fit neatly on the back of her UTV, and would allow her to carry water to her animals all across the ranch.
"Do you see that?" Brown asked, her voice cracking with emotion. "That's life changing. A little thing like that...I'm gonna cry."
At Criswell Ranch, Deborah Damonte gave the Soldiers an impromptu lesson in basic farm skills. Damonte expertly stabbed a bale with two hooks, and showed the guardsmen how to properly carry and stack the hay they'd loaded into their trucks that morning.
"That's called bucking hay," she told the Soldiers, her face breaking into a smile.
In addition to her own sheep, goats and cattle, Damonte was also housing horses for some of her neighbors. Her eyes lit up as she watched the feed shed fill. She had struggled to get down to the pick-up points, and was limited in how much she could carry back.
"It's hard to get down and pick everything up when you're going through 5 bales of hay a day," Damonte said. "It's great that they're here providing this service."
The county was already working to reach all the ranchers and residents, but partnering with the National Guard allowed the teams to increase the momentum of their efforts, covering additional areas and making larger drops, quickly.
Seeing their impact on the community has been meaningful for the Soldiers. At each location they've visited, residents tell them the work they are doing is changing lives.
"As the teams are going in, the people are grateful," Hawley said. "We get a lot of positive feedback from the people affected."
David Johnson put it more plainly.
"These guys are A#1 in my book" he said. "These people need help, and these guys are providing it."
As the Soldiers unloaded the last of the supplies at Tina Rickert's house, she opened the gate to let her dogs run out to greet them. The dogs, Bella and Buddy, wiggled excitedly. Rickert wanted to get a picture with everyone before they left.
"I miss my military family," she said, smiling as the Soldiers bent down to play with the dogs.
After she and her family evacuated, they learned that Rickert's mother's home, the first house she had ever purchased, burned in the fires. She had moved to Magalia only months before. While Rickert's home was spared, she lost her business, a soap company with products in stores across the mountain.
While she focuses on running the donation center, Rickert is also trying to figure out how to rebuild her own life. A former land planner and environmental coordinator, she feels like she may be able to help her community rebuild.
"When all of this happened, I thought, I have so many skills I could put to use in my community," she said. "So, I'm working on that." She paused, watching the Soldiers unloading the last of the donated supplies. "So many people are working to make it a better place."
Rickert said her mother, like many others, was reluctant to return. Even after the fire was contained, many residents have not returned to the areas that have been opened for repopulation. Talking about her community, Rickert teared up for the first time.
"Don't lose hope," she said, wiping her eyes. "As a community, it's all we have."
Rickert is not alone in her sentiment. The residents of Butte County are invested in moving forward.
Just like when she rebuilt her ranch 10 years ago, Deborah Damonte said she believes without a doubt the community will come back together after the Camp Fire.
"I love Paradise," she said. "It will be back. It will be Paradise again."