US Soldiers train Nigerian infantry

By Capt. James Sheehan (Africa)October 8, 2019

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1 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Sgt. First Class Alex Fernandez, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, patrols a small suburban neighborhood outside the Nigerian Army military compound in Jaji, Nigeria. Fernandez deployed for seven weeks in Jaji, Nigeria, with a 12-Sold... (Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL
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2 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Sgt. First Class Christopher Campbell, Security Assistance Training and Management Organization, instructs Nigerian infantry Soldiers on the best methods for a squad sized raid. Campbell served as the 12-Soldier team's non-commissioned officer in cha... (Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL
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3 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Sgt. First Class Divon Smith, Security Assistance Training and Management Organization, observes and instructs Nigerian infantry soldiers rehearsing best practices for a squad sized raid. Smith deployed for seven weeks in Jaji, Nigeria, with a 12-Sol... (Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL
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4 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – (Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL
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5 / 5 Show Caption + Hide Caption – A U.S. soldier, left, coaches his Nigerian counterpart during a training exercise at a remote military compound located about 145 miles north of Abuja, Nigeria, Feb. 14, 2018. Twelve U.S. Soldiers provided tactics and training instruction to about 20... (Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL

JAJI, Nigeria -- Walking off the plane here, the air hits you like hot fumes from an open oven. Going south, the equator is a short bus ride. But, this team wasn't going south.

Leaving major metropolitan infrastructure behind, Army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark A. Milley's perspective on future combat operations in austere conditions becomes a reality. Jaji isn't home to the creature comforts found in Middle Eastern forward operating bases. No Burger King. No Pizza Hut. No air-conditioning or internet. No running water. However, there are plenty of buckets.

"We walk over to this big pump and get our own water to flush our toilets, since water happens intermittently," explained Army Capt. Aaron Harris. "It's not always a fixed system or anything like that."

Harris is ordinarily a forward support company commander for the 10th Mountain Division in Fort Drum, New York. But out here, Harris uses his logistics background to support a team of 12 U.S. soldiers fulfilling a six-week advise-and-assist mission in a remote military compound located about 145 miles north of Abuja, Nigeria's capital.

"We have bed space, plenty of places to sleep," Harris said. "The food's great; we hired a local, a spouse of one of the Nigerian army soldiers. She cooks for us, provides us water. We have water, hot meals, beds, and mosquito nets. What more can you ask for?"


The process of having a shower includes carrying two five-gallon buckets of cold water to a cramped stall walled off with thin vinyl. Then, you pour one bucket on yourself, apply soap, and use the second bucket to rinse.

The living quarters were reminiscent of a Hollywood war film. Bunk beds, boarded-up windows, PVC-pipe camping chairs, and faded-green socks hanging on a clothesline decorated the front porch. Inside, the walls were littered with hand-drawn operations orders bordered by two-inch green tape. Plastic storage containers serve as furniture. The most-frequented corner included a plastic card table. The place was covered with the sounds of Soldiers conversing and arguing over card games.

The cohesion brought on by an austere living environment carried into the work. The team said they were happiest when training the Nigerian soldiers, even when it required ample amounts of sunscreen.

"At least it's a dry heat," an optimistic Army noncommissioned officer said. "It could be worse. It could be humid. The last thing we want is more sweat, mold and mildew. I'll take hot over humid, any day. Heck, I'd take this heat over the cold, any day."

Army Sgt. 1st Class Saul Rodriguez is the most experienced of the 12 U.S. soldiers at the remote military compound.


Even in triple-digit heat and with AK-47 automatic rifles in hand, it's easy to forget these Nigerian soldiers are likely headed into imminent danger. The Nigerian army's 26th Infantry Battalion may be next to deploy northeast to confront the notorious and violent extremist organization, Boko Haram.

"My job is to train you as much as I can. Your job is to fight the bad guys out of your country," Rodriguez shouted to a group of soldiers demonstrating their best cover and concealment efforts behind Jaji's bushes and trees.

"Yes. We are hard on them. We have to be. Their life depends on it," Army Staff Sgt. Kevin Martin of the 10th Mountain Division said after lecturing the 26th on the significance of maintaining noise discipline. "They might need these skills one day. They face a very real and lethal threat. We aren't going to slow down; we are going to pack as much training in as possible."

This life-altering responsibility to prepare Nigerian soldiers wasn't lost on the mission's leader, Army Capt. Stephen Gouthro.


"What better way to demonstrate mission command?" Gouthro said of their mission. "This mission isn't only about the tactical. Everything our team does could have diplomatic effects. Out here, the team has to be professional, mature and disciplined. And we are."

All in all, this mission is the definition of the U.S. Army's top priority: readiness. From pack-out preparations to redeployment operations, this mission challenged junior officers and NCOs to work without built-in support from "Big Army." Austere conditions, local negotiations, food from the local economy, far from higher headquarters, limited digital capabilities, diplomatic implications and foreign-military engagements are only a few examples of how this mission has made these men more ready.

A small support team traveled to Jaji about four weeks into the mission, flying down from U.S. Army Africa's headquarters in Vicenza, Italy. The travelers asked Gouthro if the team had any requests.

Historically speaking, soldiers ask for candy, SIM cards or extra soap. Not this team. Gouthro's priority remained the mission. He asked for a sizeable knife for a graduation gift to give the Nigerian company's commander and some smokeless tobacco, commonly known as "dip," for one of his NCOs.

After four weeks without running water in an austere environment, there was only one message: "Bring a knife and some dip."