Czars' private music unveiled by U.S. Army, Russian partnership
March 19, 2009
By Ian Graham
- Music from the private collections of Czars Alexander III and Nicholas II had been preserved in the Library of Congress.
- ItAca,!a,,cs incredibly exciting to think of hearing music that hasnAca,!a,,ct been played in over 100 years said Col. Thomas Rotondi, U.S. Army Band cdr.
- The Russian ambassador said the tone of relations between America and Russia is changing, thanks to joint efforts like this concert.
WASHINGTON (Army News Service, March 19, 2009) -- As leading diplomats, military officials and scholars made their way into the Russian Embassy March 17, none of them quite knew what to expect.
They had been invited to see a joint performance by brass quintets from the U.S. Army Band and the Russian National Orchestra, but of what they would hear, nobody could be certain.
Amidst a collection of traditional Russian pieces, the two quintets were to perform music from the private collections of Czars Alexander III and Nicholas II, much of which is believed to only have been played, if ever, in the private company of the Russian royal family and possibly the czar's entourage.
Col. Thomas Rotondi, commander of the Army Band, said as a musician, it's incredibly exciting to think of hearing music that hasn't been played in over 100 years.
"Anybody can go to the Library of Congress and view the sheet music, but nobody can hear it," he said. "The exciting thing about this, from a musician's perspective, is that you're bringing art back to life."
The Library of Congress bought the original manuscripts in the early 1930s, when the library was trying to expand its foreign holdings. At the same time, the newly minted Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was trying to rid itself of any memory of the overthrown czar.
The library's full Russian Imperial Collection contains books, jewelry, religious artifacts and artwork from five of the czar's palaces in St. Petersburg in addition to the musical manuscripts.
Kevin LaVine of the Library of Congress's music division said the beauty of the manuscripts is that they provide a look at the cultural life of the Russian royal family in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The artwork on the manuscripts represents the artwork that was popular at the time, the music that was popular among Russian aristocrats and even hints at some of the family's private hobbies.
"You see a lot of piano solos, or piano and vocal duets," Lavine said. "So these were likely arrangements made for the Imperial family to perform at home."
The music also represents aspects of the czarist Russian military - some of the pieces are military marches. One of the more interesting books, LaVine said, is a collection of infantry calls, marches and signals, akin to bugle calls still used in modern militaries.
Vladislav Lavrik, principal trumpet for the Russian National Orchestra, said the concert is a very special occasion for him because the music represents such a significant time in Russia's history.
"This is part of our culture. It's an honor to get to be the first people to play it for an audience, it means a lot to me," he said.
Sgt, Maj. Dennis Edelbrock, a trumpeter in the Army Band quintet, said it was a great pleasure to play with members of the Russian National Orchestra, which was recently ranked number 15 of the top 20 orchestras in the world by Gramophone, a British music magazine.
"It was quite a treat to take part in this," he said. "It's been a lot of hard work in a short time, but those guys are pros and I feel good about how we played."
The bands met only the day before at Brucker Hall on Fort Myer, Va., to rehearse their collaborative pieces and get to know each other. But within minutes of meeting, the two groups were playing like they'd had weeks of practice time, despite any language barriers.
"Those Army guys, they're very professional," Lavrik said.
Sergey I. Kislyak, the Russian ambassador to the United States, opened the concert with a quick introduction of the groups and the international friendship the joint performance represents. He said the importance of the night isn't only to hear good music, but to take a lesson in history, too.
"These musicians are providing for us not only music, but they share something with us that isn't known, even by those who closely follow and study the evolution of music," he said.
The ambassador added that the tone of relations between America and Russia is changing; joint efforts like this concert help establish that tone.
Dr. Blair A. Ruble, director of the Kennan Institute, a think-tank focusing on Russian studies, said the concert illustrates the strengths of both nations and the power they have when cooperating.
"Tonight shows the capacity of Russia and the United States, when working together, to bring beauty to the world," Ruble said.
"This is not a symbolic 'new start,' this is our example of what things have become: a normal relationship," he said. "If we should celebrate anything tonight, we should celebrate how normal things have become between us."
A joint ensemble opened with "Quintet," a piece by Russian composer Alexander A. Aliab'ev. Aliab'ev was a rising star in Russian music when a gambling dispute led him to allegedly kill a man.
Both full quintets joined on "Suite from the Czar's Library," an arrangement of selections from the Library of Congress's collection and "Rossiya," a musical glimpse at the many facets of Russian culture, from aristocrats and city life to poor farmers in the Ukraine by Anton Rubinstein.
"That piece, it represents so much about Russia," Lavrik said. "As a Russian, you feel so connected to that music, because it's about you and your family and your history."
The bands concluded the night with encores of Duke Ellington's "Caravan" and a salsa rendition of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakoff's famous "Flight of the Bumblebee."
Both featured virtuosic solos by Army Band trombonist Sgt. 1st Class Harry Watters, who gave "Bumblebee" - a song made famous by its adaptation for trumpet in the "Green Hornet" TV theme song - a new tone with his fluid trombone runs.
After the concert, the members of both bands were ready to continue their collaboration. There has been some talk of bringing the joint performance back to Moscow, said Mary Ann Allin, an American liaison for the Russian National Orchestra and the organizer of the joint concert.
"We'd like to support this partnership, it's really fantastic," Rotondi said. "To have two countries come together to perform works like this, it's the best way to do it. This is a great event to bring these two communities together."
As to whether Edelbrook is ready to give it another go, he needs to sleep on it after two whirlwind days of long rehearsals.
"Not tonight," he laughed. "I'm ready to go to bed."
(Ian Graham writes for the Pentagram newspaper at Fort Myer, Va.)