Wearing Army Traditions - (cont.)
Distinctive Unit Insignia
In 1921, following our experience with the regimental badges of the British, the chief of staff authorized our Army to adopt distinctive trim to the uniform. This distinctive unit insignia transferred from the service hat to the garrison cap after 1939.
Shirt Shoulder Loops
The M-1921 or “Sam Browne” belt was responsible for shoulder loops. To retain falling straps, officer's shirts gained loops as a distinction in 1924. Not until after 1946 did all enlisted personnel have a common uniform and shirts with shoulder loops.
In 1905 orders prescribed campaign badge ribbons to be sewn onto the olive drab wool service coat. A removable bar was secured to the khaki cotton uniform by shanks passing through eyelets. Authority for wearing ribbons on the shirt came by 1941.
The Philippines khaki uniform added trouser loops and a leather belt in 1899. By 1910 the olive drab cotton web belt had a frame buckle. Officers bought the solid buckle, of gold-colored metal, by 1944, and by 1958 enlistees had the same and a belt in black.
The chief of staff approved the Army green winter uniform in 1954, and it was phased in during 1956-1961. This replaced the olive drab wool service uniform, discarded because its camouflage color was no longer necessary and its uniqueness had been compromised by veteran wear.