Navigation Warfare

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

What is it?

Navigation Warfare (NAVWAR) allows the Army to take deliberate defensive and offensive actions to assure U.S. forces position, navigation and timing information (PNT) through coordinated employment of space, cyberspace and electronic warfare operations.

The Army is highly dependent on the use of GPS-delivered PNT data. NAVWAR prevents the use of GPS by hostile forces while ensuring unimpeded use for U.S. forces and allies.

What has the Army done?

The Secretary of the Army designated the Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) as the Army representative to identify and advocate for positioning, navigation, and timing and navigation warfare requirements through Commander, U.S. Strategic Command to the Joint Staff to establish and formalize joint NAVWAR Requirements.

USASMDC/ARSTRAT is developing a TRADOC-sponsored Army NAVWAR concept whitepaper. This concept will be used to establish a baseline for how the Army will execute the NAVWAR fight.

USASMDC/ARSTRAT, in conjunction with FORSCOM and the Joint Navigation Warfare Center, supports home station training and Combat Training Center training events under degraded GPS conditions. The goal is to enable tactical formations to develop and train tactics, techniques and procedures that enable Army formations to work. The USASMDC/ARSTRAT Technical Center has several ongoing technology development efforts to enable the key operational task.

What continued efforts are planned for the future?

USASMDC/ARSTRAT is the Army lead for institutional unity of effort on NAVWAR.

  • Several research, development, test and evaluation and capability integration efforts are working on this problem independent of one another.
  • The Army is working to expand its focus beyond PNT assurance to all aspects of NAVWAR operations.

Why is this important to the Army?

The Army is highly dependent on the use of PNT data. The typical brigade combat team depends on over 28 different systems and 600 total systems that leverage PNT. The Army has over 250 thousand GPS-dependent systems overall.

Adversaries understand U.S. advantages and are developing capabilities to deny PNT to U.S. forces while simultaneously pursuing independent means of receiving PNT data, including global navigation satellite systems.

PNT data enables the Army to precisely move, shoot and communicate, extend its operational reach, control the tempo of operations, perform mission command all without adversarial interruption.

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