Army Physical Fitness Test

Tuesday September 18, 2012

What is it?

The Army assesses physical aptitude with the three-event Army Physical Fitness Test, or APFT. Soldiers are required to complete three events: two minutes of pushups, two minutes of situps and a two-mile run. While the Army piloted a five-event Army Physical Readiness Test, or APRT, the current test remains the three-event APFT.

What has the Army done?

In 2011, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command implemented a physical fitness training philosophy that Soldiers are better prepared if they train how they would fight. This prompted the Army Physical Fitness School to re-evaluate Solders' physical capabilities. A five-event APRT was proposed to replace the current three-event APFT. TRADOC commissioned an independent panel of fitness experts to validate the proposed test. The panel could not endorse the five-event APRT because there was insufficient evidence to confirm that it would predict baseline Soldier physical readiness.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

TRADOC has determined that baseline Soldier physical readiness would be most effectively measured if linked to Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills - tasks and drills determined over the last decade of war to be critical while conducting unified land operations. TRADOC will oversee a baseline physical readiness study, linked to WTBD, which may generate new information about how the Army develops and tests physical fitness. The study is expected to begin in October 2012 and will include fitness experts from across the Army. Also, TRADOC is preparing to re-establish the Master Fitness Trainer program. Targeting noncommissioned officers, this program, discontinued in 2001, will eventually provide commanders at all levels certified fitness advisers. A pilot Master Fitness Training course began in August 2012 to ensure the appropriate steps are being taken to restore this once previously successful physical fitness asset to all Army units

Why is this important to the Army?

Master Fitness Trainers will train units on the doctrine in Training Circular 3-22.20, Army Physical Readiness Training(PDF), in order to reduce injuries and improve Soldier performance. TC 3-22.20 focuses unit training on developing Soldier physical readiness required to perform Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills. Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills are the fundamental combat skills which all Soldiers, regardless of rank, age, gender, or MOS, must perform in order to fight and win on the battlefield. Insertion of MFTs at the unit level will provide the commander a subject matter expert for unit and individual physical readiness training needs and propel the Army to a more agile and ready force.

Resources:

AKO log in required: Army Training Network (ATN)
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command
Office of the Deputy Commanding General, Initial Military Training
TC 3-22.20: Army Physical Readiness Training (PDF)
STAND-TO!: Initial Military Training

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