Wednesday July 11, 2012
What is it?
In 2009 the president outlined the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA), a four-phase plan for European missile defense. EPAA objectives are:
- defend the U.S. homeland against long-range ballistic missile threats
- speed protection of U.S deployed forces, civilian personnel and their families against the near-term missile threat
- ensure and enhance protection of all NATO allies' territories and populations
- deploy proven capabilities and technologies to meet current threats
- provide flexibility to upgrade and adjust the architecture.
Phase 1 called for deploying land-based AN/TPY-2 early warning radar in Turkey. The radar operation is the responsibility of U.S. Army Europe's 10th Army Air and Missile Defense Command (AAMDC). The final element of EPAA Phase 1 is the NATO Active Layered Theater Ballistic Missile Defense program to serve as the command, control and communications network for this new capability. EPAA Phase 1 also called for deployment of AEGIS ballistic missile defense-capable ships.
What has the Army done?
In October 2011, the Army redesignated the 357th Air and Missile Defense Command as the 10th AAMDC. The 10th, based in Kaiserslautern, Germany, is one of three AAMDCs in the active Army. The 10th conducts joint and multinational operations in support of ballistic missile defense and provides mission command for Army air defense units, while assisting with planning theater air and missile defense operations. The unit has played a vital role in the planning, and continues to play a significant role executing EPAA. The 11th Missile Defense Detachment was activated under 10th AAMDC and has been assigned to operate the radar in Turkey as part of the U.S. contribution to EPAA and NATO BMD. The 11th provides early warning/surveillance tracking of intercontinental and intermediate-range ballistic missiles as part of the global BMD system.
What continued efforts does the Army have for the future?
The U.S. contribution to the NATO missile defense system in Phase I is operation of the AN-TPY2 system. Future enhancements to the NATO system include greater integration with the NATO command and control system funded by all 28 member states.
Why is this important to the Army?
The increasing threat associated with proliferation of ballistic missiles reinforces the importance of the collaborative missile defense efforts associated with NATO EPAA. USAREUR is uniquely positioned to continue shaping the international environment by using the multinational partner engagement opportunities provided by EPAA and NATO air missile defense.
10TH Army Air & Missile Defense Command
USAREUR: 10TH Army Air & Missile Defense Command
U.S. Department of Defense
White House: Fact Sheet on U.S. Missile Defense Policy A "Phased, Adaptive Approach" for Missile Defense in Europe
Related article: Air Force Space Command supports NATO Ballistic Missile Defense declaration at NATO Summit
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