The U.S. Army Functional Concepts for 2016-2028

Wednesday October 27, 2010

What is it?

Six new Army Functional Concepts (AFCs) are now key elements of the Army Concept Framework. These AFCs detail how future Army forces will conduct operations as part of the joint force to deter conflict, prevail in war, and succeed in a wide range of contingencies in the future operational environment. Each concept document, developed by the respective Center of Excellence, addresses one of the warfighting functions: mission command, intelligence, movement and maneuver, fires, sustainment, and protection.

What has the Army done?

The Army revised the Army Concept Framework with the publication of the revised Army Capstone Concept (ACC) in December 2009 that provides a guide to how the Army will apply available resources to overcome adaptive enemies and accomplish challenging missions. The revised Army Operating Concept (AOC), followed in August 2010, by describing how Army headquarters organize and direct their forces, and defining major categories of Army operations. The Army's Functional Concepts, published in October 2010, identify capabilities required of future Army forces to guide and prioritize force development. Using a holistic approach, selected TRADOC Centers of Excellence wrote the AFCs integrated within and across warfighting functions. This approach allowed TRADOC to deliver a comprehensive description of the capabilities by echelon, emphasize joint and functional interdependencies, and highlight redundant capabilities.

Why are the AFCs important to the Army?

For Army forces to defeat enemies and establish conditions necessary to achieve national objectives, the AFCs focus on the operational and tactical levels of war and define capability requirements to accomplish full spectrum operations through two fundamental responsibilities: combined arms maneuver and wide area security. Army forces conduct combined arms maneuver to gain physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy. Wide area security consolidates gains and ensures freedom of movement and action.

The AFCs also describe the application of mission command and outlines how future Army leaders and units will co-create the context of future operations.

The AFCs will guide changes in Army doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities. These concepts will also enhance the integration of future Army forces with a wide array of domestic and international partners.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

The new AFCs broaden the foundation for a continued campaign of learning and drive further discussion, experimentation, and learning to serve as a roadmap for capability developers as they work to build the future force and institutionalize operational adaptability across the Army.


TRADOC Pamphlets

Video: General Dempsey on the Army Operating Concept

Functional Concept for Mission Command

Functional Concept for Fires

Functional Concept for Protection

Functional Concept for Movement and Maneuver

Function Concept for Intelligence

Function Concept for Sustainment





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2010-2013: 60th Anniversary of the Korean War

October 2010

*Energy Awareness Month

Depression Education & Awareness Month

Domestic Violence Awareness Month*

Oct. 6 & 7: Medal of Honor White House & Pentagon ceremonies for Staff Sgt. Robert Miller

Oct 18- 22: Best Warrior Competition

Oct. 25-31: Red Ribbon Week

Oct. 25-27: AUSA annual meeting

November 2010

*Military Family Appreciation Month

Warrior Care Month

Native American Heritage Month*

Nov. 11: Veteran's Day

Nov. 16 & 17: Medal of Honor White House & Pentagon ceremonies for Staff Sgt. Salvatore A. Giunta

Nov. 25: Thanksgiving Holiday


"TRADOC’s role for the Army is to ensure that all of these concepts form the basis against which the warfighting proponents will assess themselves."

- Gen. Martin Dempsey, commanding general, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command


"Young Soldiers receiving fire in a marketplace need to make an on-the-spot decision whether to shoot or not under stress. We had to radically change the way drill sergeants teach to do this as well. They’re no longer strictly disciplinarians, they’ve got to train Soldiers on tasks that are relevant to combat so when Soldiers graduate, they’re ready to go into the fight, in a relatively short amount of time. Soldiers need to understand how the task is performed and how am I going to use this task in the fight. They really want to know. You don’t have to force obedience into them. They want to be like us, they want to serve. They have heart. Some will perceive this as a lack of discipline. It’s not. It’s confidence."

- Command Sgt. Maj. John R. Calpena, Initial Military Training Center of Excellence, at an AUSA meeting of senior Army enlisted, emphasizes that blind obedience-oriented basic combat training is out; confidence-building and thinking-oriented training is now in.

Basic training changes to improve combat readiness


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