Friday June 4, 2010
What is it?
The Army's overhaul of Initial Military Training (IMT) includes a new approach to physical-readiness training (PRT). Field Manual (FM) 21-20, Physical Fitness Training, has been revised and is now Training Circular (TC) 3-22.20, Army Physical Readiness Training. TC 3-22.20 also supersedes the IET Standardized Physical Training Guide dated Jan. 4, 2005.
What has the Army done?
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) conducted a holistic review of how it trained skills, values inculcation and physical training. Changes are informed by lessons-learned over eight years of war. But TC 3-22.20 goes a step farther; it contains a scientific approach to physical readiness, vice physical training, and provides a rational training progression that elicits the desired training effect without overreaching, overtraining and overuse - especially for those in the IMT base, as the youngest generation needs to strike the balance between improving physical capacity and preventing injuries.
Soldiers in Basic Combat Training (BCT), One Station Unit Training (OSUT) and Basic Officer Leadership Course (BOLC) A participate in the toughening phase. Advanced Individual Training (AIT), the latter phases of OSUT, BOLC B and a Soldier's first unit of assignment participate in the sustaining phase.
What efforts does the Army have planned for this initiative?
The revisions to basic training will be fully implemented at IMT installations by July. The U.S. Army Physical Fitness School (USAPFS) at Fort Jackson, S.C., is deploying mobile training teams (MTTs) at IMT sites to train drill sergeants, AIT platoon sergeants and cadre to conduct PRT activities. USAPFS is also developing an Army-wide PRT Leader Course for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 that will focus on pre-deployment, deployment and post-deployment PRT during Army Forces Generation (ARFORGEN).
Why is this important to the Army?
TC 3-22.20 guides leaders through a systematic approach to training, consisting of an ordered, comprehensive assemblage of facts, principles and methods for training Soldiers and units for full-spectrum operations. It provides a balanced training program that prepares Soldiers for successful task performance and provides linkage to other training conducted during the duty day. Injury control is woven into the training's fabric by recommended exercise intensity, volume, specificity and recovery within its progressive training schedules. These sample schedules provide the commander a doctrinal template that can be applied to the unit's training needs.
AKO log in required: TC 3-22.20 can be found under Physical Fitness Files channel in USAPFS Portal
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"The majority of civilians we’re receiving from our society that we must build into Soldiers are increasingly out of shape. Kids aren’t playing as much, they’re not taking PE courses in schools, and they’re not eating right. Video games and social-networking sites keep them in front of computer screens for too many hours. Because of this, we had to take a hard look at how we get them in shape in initial training – how we build their bodies, their physical capabilities. But at the same time, we needed to ensure we didn’t injure them. We need to train smarter for better results."
– Lt. Gen. Mark Hertling, deputy commanding general for Initial Military Training, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command
"An army first and foremost needs to protect its borders against external threats. This starts to build the foundation of a capability that they have not had, at least for a while -- (to) understand the procedures for marking their location and that of the target, and how to convey that to aircraft."
- Maj. Douglas Hayes, operations officer for 3rd Battalion, 319th Airborne Field Artillery Regiment, emphasizing the importance of integrating air and ground assets as a core competency
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