Composite Risk Management

Monday August 13, 2007

What is it? We recognize that our Soldiers and civilians are vital Army assets whether engaging the enemy, resetting at home station, or visiting family in their hometown. Composite Risk Management (CRM) is the Army's primary risk management process for identifying and controlling risks across the full spectrum of Army missions, functions, operations, and activities.

RM supplements a focus on the main operation with consideration of other risks to give a complete picture of exposure. There is no separation of tactical or accidental, deployed or garrison, field or work area, on duty or off duty risks--it is risk management 24/7. The enemy, materiel, the environment, and human factors--during a mission or outside of it--all interact. Commanders, leaders, and individual Soldiers and civilians apply CRM through the identification of all hazards then determining and applying appropriate control measures to mitigate those hazards.

What has the Army done? The primary premise of CRM is that it does not matter where or how the loss occurs, the result is the same--decreased combat power or mission effectiveness. The guiding principles of CRM are:

- Integrate CRM into all phases of missions and operations, to include planning, preparation, execution, and recovery.

- Make risk decisions at the appropriate level. As a decision-making tool, CRM is only effective when the information is passed to the appropriate level of command for decision. Commanders are required to establish and publish approval authority for decision-making. This may be a separate policy, specifically addressed in regulatory guidance, or addressed in the commander's training guidance. Approval authority for risk decision-making is usually based on guidance from higher headquarters.

- This topic was taken directly from the 2007 Army Posture Statement. To continue reading this topic in its entirety, click here.

- For additional information on Composite Risk Management.


- 2007 Strategic Communication Guide - Be Army Strong, and Army Smart. Read the 2007 Army Strategic Communication Guide.


  • Army recruiting rebounds in July to exceed goals (WP)
  • When a U.S. Soldier in Iraq won't Soldier (EB | CSM)
  • 82nd Field Artillery Regiment stays true to job (SAS)
  • Iraqi war game suggests chaos after troops leave (EB | KY)


  • Major attacks decline in Iraq (USAT)
  • Al Qaeda in Iraq blamed for ambush (EB | LAT)
  • Troops shelter an unlikely survivor in Baghdad (NYT)
  • A general call for 'strategic patience' in Iraq, plus discomforting specifics (EB | WP)


  • Cash-strapped Guard cuts re-up, enlistment bonuses (AT)
  • Update: Walter Reed care unit named for Army medic (EB | WP)
  • After Iraq: Guardsman finds it hard to put horrors behind him (OMH)
  • Army inspects Ready Reservists (NT)


  • Army to teach Soldiers, Families to spot psychiatric injuries (HND | Story)
  • Ethiopia: U.S. to set up African command (AA | Story)
  • Fatigue cripples U.S. Army in Iraq (GRD | Story)
  • Return to conscription should be considered (TG | Story)


  • "Joe Average" dedicating himself to Wounded Warriors (SM)
  • History is our stories - Army code talkers (GAF)
  • The art of survival - part III of the Butler's Bums story (MG)
  • Child abuse rates and deployment (KDH)


  • Army defense looking to make plays (GAS)
  • Watkins Glen: Regan Smith NASCAR Nextel Cup race recap (PT)

Subscribe to STAND-TO! to learn about the U.S. Army initiatives.


STAND-TO! is an information paper-based web platform that supports the U.S. Army’s strategic communication objectives.

The information papers -- written, approved and submitted by the Army agencies -- provide a broad, objective view of the Army’s current operations, doctrine and programs. The "Today’s Focus" topics highlight Army Staff initiatives and support Army wide strategic-level issues.

All published editions are sent to subscribers via email and archived daily in the STAND-TO! Archives.

STAND-TO! falls under the management of the Online and Social Media Division (OSMD) in the Office of the Chief of Public Affairs (OCPA).

Subscribe to STAND-TO! to learn about the U.S. Army initiatives.