By MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCESAugust 23, 2011
Common Types of Tree Stands
• Fixed-position stand. This stand is designed to be placed on a tree trunk and remain secured in that spot.
• Vertical ladder stand. This type of stand has a ladder that supports the shooting platform. The ladder is usually divided into short sections that can be assembled on site. The ladder "legs" extend at a slight angle out from the stand and tree trunk and are secured to the trunk via supporting arms and belts.
• Climbing stand. The most popular type, this stand is designed to "walk" up a tree trunk with the hunter to a desired elevation.
• Permanent stand. This stand may be placed in a tree or cluster of trees and left there. They are exposed to weather and may deteriorate. Never trust the safety of a permanent tree stand built previously by someone else.
• Always wear a safety harness, also known as a fall arrest system, when you are in a tree stand, as well as when climbing into or out of a tree stand.
• A safety strap should be attached to the tree to prevent you from falling more than 12 inches.
• In the event of a fall, harnesses provide some "cushion," generally about 4 inches, which is the result of the alternately tightening and slipping of the harness as well as the normal stretch of the material.
• Always inspect the safety harness for signs of wear or damage before each use.
• Follow all manufacturers' instructions for use of a safety harness and stand.
Always have three points of contact to the steps or ladder before moving. This could be two arms and one leg holding and stepping on the ladder, or one arm and two legs in contact with the ladder. Be cautious because rain, frost, ice or snow can cause steps to become slippery. Check the security of the step before placing your weight on it.
Recovery from a Fall
• In the event of a fall in a harness, try to recover as soon as possible. The longer you stay suspended from your harness, the harder it will be to recover.
• Seek suspension relief by grabbing onto the tree trunk or climbing steps.
• Take the weight off your harness as soon as possible.
• Once you have a firm hold on the trunk or climbing steps, use the three-point rule to climb back into " or down from " your stand.
• Replace your harness with a new one in the event of a fall, especially if you have cut your tree tether.
• Always use a haul line to pull up your gear and unloaded firearm or bow to your tree stand. Never climb with anything in your hands or on your back. Before descending, lower your equipment on the opposite side of the tree.
• Always select the proper tree for use with your tree stand. Pick a live, straight tree that fits within the size limits recommended in your tree stand's instructions.
• Always hunt with a plan and, if possible, a buddy. Let others know your exact hunting location, when you plan to return and who you are hunting with.
• Always carry emergency signal devices such as a cell phone, whistle, walkie-talkie, signal flare and flashlight on your person, even when you are suspended in your tree stand.
• Know your physical limitations. Don't take chances. If you start thinking about how high you are, don't go any higher.
• While climbing with a tree stand, make slow, even movements of no more than 10 to 12 inches at a time. Have proper contact with the tree and/or tree stand every time you move and follow the three-point rule.
Editor's note: Information reprinted with permission from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources website at www.dnr.state.mn.us.