Be in the KNOW: Problem-solving and fear of crime.

By Office of the Provost Marshal General, Law Enforcement DivisionOctober 20, 2023

(Photo Credit: U.S. Army) VIEW ORIGINAL


Assessing Responses to Problems: Did It Work? An Introduction for Police Problem-Solvers, 2nd Edition (John E. Eck) - Police managers need to evaluate whether their response to a problem was effective and resulted in improvement. It's important to distinguish between two questions: whether the problem decreased after the response and whether the response caused the decrease. The first question is more important. This guide provides helpful insights for police officials who have a basic understanding of problem-oriented policing. It can help them determine if they should allocate resources elsewhere and evaluate the effectiveness of their response.

Identifying and Defining Policing Problems (Michael S. Scott) - Police officers regularly deal with situations that threaten the safety and security of the public. When citizens report a problem, such as a crime, suspicious activity, dangerous condition, nuisance, or accident, the police respond by applying standard processes and procedures to resolve the situation. However, a policing problem differs from an incident or a case because it is recurring. This book will guide how to identify and define policing problems using the widely adopted SARA (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment) model. The advice provided in this guidebook is based on theory and practice, as there is no evaluative research on the most accurate and efficient methods for identifying and defining policing problems.

Using Analysis for Problem-Solving: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement (Timothy S. Bynum) - This guidebook is a comprehensive resource for conducting effective problem analysis in law enforcement. It is based on the experiences of various agencies with diverse problem-solving backgrounds and jurisdiction sizes, who addressed one of six problem types in their community: drug dealing, robbery, auto theft, residential burglary, loitering, or domestic violence. The guidebook provides an in-depth discussion of approaches to analysis, strategies for collecting information, and principles to consider in the analysis process. It emphasizes the importance of maintaining structure while encouraging problem-solvers of all experience levels to think creatively and innovatively.

Fear of Crime.

Fear of Crime: A Problem Oriented Solution (Joseph Dule) - Fear of crime is a significant issue in America that negatively impacts individuals and communities, increasing anxiety, social isolation, and changing daily behavior. However, implementing efficient policies and problem-oriented strategies that involve citizen input can help minimize fear and crime. Law enforcement plays a crucial role in achieving this objective.

Fear of Crime (Mark Warr) - The fear of crime is a significant concern for many people, with a large percentage of individuals reporting feeling afraid to walk alone at night near their homes or worrying about becoming a victim of crime. However, the actual likelihood is smaller than the number of people who experience fear. Fear of crime is a social issue that refers to a feeling of apprehension caused by an awareness or expectation of danger. By taking action to address fear of crime, individuals and communities can feel safer and more secure in their daily lives.

Fear of Crime (Jodi Lane) - Fear of crime is more common than victimization and is important because it can lead to stress and behavioral precautions that impinge on quality of life. This article discusses definitions of fear as an emotional reaction (not a cognitive one) and enumerates how scholars have worked to better their fear measurements over time. The article also discusses the personal characteristics that predict fear and describes the theoretical ideas developed to explain it, including vulnerability (especially for women and the elderly), neighborhood factors (subcultural diversity, disorder, and community concern), and indirect victimization. Finally, we briefly discuss current and emerging trends in research.