Be in the KNOW: Crime Analysis

By Office of the Provost Marshal General, Law Enforcement DivisionOctober 15, 2023

(Photo Credit: DoD Courtesy Photo) VIEW ORIGINAL

Understanding and Responding to Crime and Disorder Hot Spots (Cody W. Telep & Julie Hibdon) - Police agencies consider hot spots an important focus because a few high-activity locations typically account for most of a jurisdiction's crime and disorder problems. By understanding, identifying, analyzing, and responding to hot spots, police agencies can address a significant portion of a jurisdiction's crime and disorder problems. This guide introduces the hot spot identification and analysis process to comprehend why incidents are concentrated in certain areas. It comprehensively summarizes common police strategies used to respond to hot spots and their effectiveness.

The Integration of Crime Analysis into Patrol Work: A Guidebook (Bruce Taylor, Ph.D., Rachel Boba, Ph.D., & Jeff Egge) - This guide is for mid-level managers and commanders seeking to elevate their operations and who want to understand the critical role of crime analysis and how to effectively integrate it into their operations. It provides concrete recommendations and real-world examples for merging analysis with patrol and investigative elements to enhance public safety. The guide emphasizes that success in crime prevention and response requires a comprehensive approach combining analysis and action. As such, it highlights the goals, methods, and research findings that support these recommendations.

Translating Environmental Criminology Theory into Crime Analysis Practice (Julie Wartell & Kathleen Gallagher) - This article explores the significance of environmental criminology and crime analysis as important tools for police to prevent and reduce crime. However, there needs to be more consistency between theory and application in using these tools. Stronger connections between environmental criminologists and crime analysts are needed to improve analysis and problem-solving, ultimately leading to a reduction in crime. The relationship between theory and practice should be integrated symbiotically for the best results.

Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers in 60 Small Steps (Ronald V. Clarke & John E. Eck) - This manual, written by two experts in crime prevention, is aimed at crime analysts and other police officials working on problem-oriented policing projects. It provides an overview of problem-oriented policing and how new concepts can aid in analyzing crime patterns to better understand crime and disorder issues. The manual also explores how situational crime prevention techniques can enhance the problem-solving abilities of the police, detailing 25 techniques. Additionally, it offers guidance on evaluating the effectiveness of actions taken, including methods for testing for displacement.

Integrated Intelligence and Crime Analysis: Enhanced Information Management for Law Enforcement Leaders (Jerry H. Ratcliffe, Ph.D.) - Integrating criminal intelligence and crime analysis is crucial in police intelligence operations (PIO) for successful policing and prevention efforts. However, PIO's effectiveness is significantly reduced without proper leadership and integration. Only with engaged leadership and integration can PIO produce high-quality and comprehensive products, which are valuable tools in the fight against crime, disorder, and harmful behaviors. These products are vital in determining and deploying prevention strategies.

Introductory Guide to Crime Analysis and Mapping (Rachel Boba, Ph.D.) - This guidebook aims to acquaint you with crime analysis, crime mapping, and problem-solving. It will provide a better understanding of crime analysis as a general concept, including common terminology and the five types of crime analysis and their interconnection. It will also cover crime mapping and its different types and components, problem-solving techniques, data collection, and considerations for analysis products and presentations.

Law Enforcement Analytic Standards (2012) (IALEIA) - The success of law enforcement agency's planning, intelligence, and investigative activities heavily relies on the contribution of intelligence analysts. Analysts must possess relevant experience, expertise, and training to execute their duties effectively and produce professional products for investigators and decision-makers. The International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts has created a book to develop professional standards for analysts and shape their environment. This book emphasizes the crucial role of management in hiring and supervising analysts. Additionally, it aims to institutionalize the analyst's role and continue the progress toward professionalizing this field.