LEAVENWORTH, Kan.--Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III (U.S. Army Retired) presented the annual General Colin L. Powell Lecture for students of the 2019 Command and General Staff Officer's Course, Aug. 21 at Fort Leavenworth's Lewis and Clark Center. Austin shared three things with the students -- the evolution of the military over the past four decades, what he sees as the military's focus going forward, and lessons learned over his 40-plus years in service.
The Colin L. Powell Lecture Series was established by the Command and General Staff College and the CGSC Foundation in 2008. Powell, a former Secretary of State and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, graduated from CGSC, served at Fort Leavenworth as a brigadier general, and was the driving force behind the development of the Buffalo Soldier Monument that honors the service of the 9th and 10th Cavalry "Buffalo Soldiers."
Austin talked about his experiences as a lieutenant in 1975 and how the Army rapidly changed from the conscript Army of Vietnam to all-volunteer, at the same time introducing the "Big-5" modern weapons systems and AirLand Battle Doctrine. AirLand Battle is still the Army's basic warfighting doctrine, said Austin. He also told the students that who we fight, where we fight, and how we fight will continue to evolve.
"The world is likely to get even more complex, not less complex in the coming years," he said. "Your job is to help determine what future transformations will be made to ensure that our Army and our military will remain the very best in the world--always ready to respond when called upon to defend our nation and our interests around the globe."
According to TRADOC, there are no facts about the future said Austin. In order to anticipate challenges you have to make some assumptions. We can assume we will continue to be contested in all domains. We can expect to encounter trans-regional, grey-zone, and hybrid strategies presented by regular and irregular forces, criminal elements and terrorist organizations affecting our strengths and mitigating our advantages. We can expect increased speed of human interaction. We can also expect to see rapid co-evolution between competitors. We can expect increased lethality by virtue of ubiquitous sensors and adversaries can restrict us to temporary windows of advantage with periods of physical and electronic isolation.
Former Army Chief of Staff, Gen. Gordon Sullivan emphasized "We must never lose sight of the fact that the essential nature of the Army has remained constant since the very beginning of the Army. It is the Soldier," said Austin. We have the very best equipment and technology he said, "but, at the end of the day, it's our people who make us who we are. They are what make us the greatest fighting force the world has ever known."
That wisdom was the first and most important lesson that Austin shared with the CGSC students. "Your job is to lead them, and take care of them, and ensure they have everything they need to be successful," he said.
"My second piece of advice, the one thing that will have the most influence on your life and on the impact that you'll have is the strength of your character," he said. That's why the Army values are the bedrock upon which this institution operates each and every day.
Third, related to character, is ethics. "Ours is a seven day-a-week, 24-hour-a-day job. How we conduct ourselves whether on duty or off duty, stateside or deployed, is a direct reflection of our profession," he said.
"My fourth piece of advice is to never forget that ours is a team sport," said Austin. To be successful you'll need to be able to work together with others and especially your peers, he said. He added that is not just the people in your service but across the joint community, the interagency, and beyond.
Make the most of your time at CGSC, Austin said as his last piece of advice. He had earlier quoted President Eisenhower saying how transformative CGSC had been in his military career. It's a time for professional development and relationship building, but it's also a time for spending time with your families after running full speed for several years, he said.
Austin commanded U.S. Central Command from March 2013 to March 2016. Prior to that assignment he served as the 33rd Vice Chief of Staff of the Army. During his nearly 41 years of military service, he commanded units at every echelon, with duty in Germany, Panama, Iraq, Afghanistan, and the United States. He commanded the XVIII Airborne Corps and the 10th Mountain Division and also served as the commanding general of U.S. Forces -- Iraq, a theater-level command. Since retiring from active military service, Austin founded and is the owner and president of Austin Strategy Group, LLC.