From Monday to March 10, the National Weather Service, State Emergency Management Agency and local emergency managers urge individuals to learn about severe weather and how to protect themselves during Missouri Severe Weather Awareness Week. Missouri's annual Statewide Tornado Drill will be held at 10 a.m. Tuesday.
"In 2017, Missourians witnessed the deadly and destructive power of both tornadoes and flash flooding and the absolute importance of preparedness," State Emergency Management Agency director Ernie Rhodes said. "Almost half of Missouri counties were included in the federal disaster declaration for the spring flooding and severe storms. That's a reminder of how important it is to know how to protect yourself and your family from flooding, tornadoes and lightning, no matter where you live."
At 10 a.m. Tuesday, outdoor warning sirens and weather alert radios across the state will sound, signaling the beginning of the statewide tornado drill and indicating that Missourians should practice taking shelter. If a tornado shelter is not available, the safest shelter location is a windowless basement or an interior room in the lowest level of a building. Put as many walls as possible between you and the tornado. Other safe locations for businesses and schools include interior stairways and tornado safe rooms.
If severe weather is in the forecast for Tuesday, the drill will be moved to 10 a.m. Thursday.
The National Weather Service provides safety tips and educational information about tornadoes, severe thunderstorms, flash flooding, lightning and the importance of NOAA Weather Radios on its Severe Weather AwarenessWeek page at www.weather.gov/lsx/severeweek.
Each day during the week focuses on a different safety message: Monday, Preparedness Day; Tuesday, Tornado Safety Day; Wednesday, Flash Flood Safety Day; March 8, Severe Thunderstorm Day; and March 9, Communication/NOAA Weather Radio Day.
According to the National Weather Service, Missouri experienced 83 tornadoes, with one death and 32 injuries in 2017.
Missouri experienced nine flooding deaths in 2008 and again in 2017, but in 2015 flooding fatalities reached an all-time high when 27 people perished across the state. Missourians need to understand that here and across the nation, more than half the people killed by flooding were in vehicles and drove into floodwater. Many of those deaths occur at low-water crossings.
More information can be found on stormaware.mo.gov, which includes detailed videos about how to take shelter from tornadoes in specific locations, how to avoid flash flooding and useful information about tornado sirens and weather alert radios.
-- Tornado Watch means watch the sky. A tornado may form during a thunderstorm.
-- Tornado Warning means seek shelter immediately.
-- The safest shelter location is an interior room without windows on the lowest floor.
-- Do not seek shelter in a cafeteria, gymnasium or other large open room because the roof might collapse.
-- Immediately leave a mobile home to seek shelter in a nearby building.
-- Overpasses are not safe. Their under-the-girder-type construction can cause a dangerous wind-tunnel effect.
-- If you are driving, stop and take shelter in a nearby building.
-- If you are driving in a rural area, drive away from the tornado to the closest building. If you cannot get away, seek shelter in a roadside ditch. Protect yourself from flying debris by covering your head with your arms, a coat or a blanket. Be prepared to move quickly in case the ditch fills with water.
-- Never drive into standing water. It can take less than six inches of fast moving water to make a slow moving car float. Once floating, a vehicle can overturn and sink. Remember: "Turn Around! Don't Drown!"