By Emerson Pittman, OCPAApril 5, 2009
What is it'
RESET, one of the four Army imperatives to restore balance to the Army, systematically restores deployed units to a level of personnel and equipment readiness that permits resumption of training for future missions and is an integral element of the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) model. It involves the reintegration of Soldiers and their families, post deployment medical assessments, professional education, restoring equipment readiness, and individual training.
What has the Army done'
The Army implemented a RESET pilot program based upon a 15-month (AC) or five-year (RC) dwell. The program consists of three phases: ("In Theater") a six-month redeployment phase; ("RESET") an initial reconstitution period of 6 months for AC units and 12 months for RC units which the pace of peacetime training is moderated to maximize the time that Soldiers and families have to reintegrate and recuperate; and ("Train/Ready") a collective training and unit preparation phase leading up to deployment. The fiscal year 2008 pilot implemented the RESET model on 13 redeploying Army units: eight active component (AC), two Army National Guard (ARNG), and three United Sates Army Reserve (USAR) units. In fiscal year 2009, the Army is expanding the test to 19 units: 13 AC, 3 ARNG, and 3 USAR. Lessons learned from the fiscal year 2008 RESET pilot will be used to improve Army institutional processes. Plans are to implement this RESET program Army-wide by 2011.
What continuing efforts does the Army have planned'
The Army will prioritize units based on deployment, major training exercises and redeployment dates. The Army will "man" brigade-sized units through ARFORGEN focused manning. The Army has requested $18.2 billion in FY09 to restore the combat readiness of 27 brigades scheduled to complete field reset during this FY. It costs approximately $15-18 billion each year to reset the equipment of a returning force of about 150,000 Soldiers, and it is a continuous requirement as long as we have forces deployed and for two-three years thereafter.
Why is this important to the Army'
The Army must RESET the force to rebuild the readiness that has been consumed in operations in order to prepare Soldiers, their families, and units for future deployments and contingencies. We must continue to revitalize Soldiers and their families, repair, replace, and recapitalize equipment, and retrain Soldiers to meet the challenges of the 21st century.