CAMP ETHAN ALLEN, Vt., -- Clang! Clang! Clang! Clang!

The unmistakable sound of a cowbell reverberated loudly off snow-covered trees lining the biathlon course here, signaling the start of another competitor.

Army Pfc. Travis Cooper pushed down hard on his ski poles and launched himself off the starting line. The Alaska National Guard member moved like a well-tuned machine. His calculated movements helped him gain speed, his legs alternating while he used both ski poles to propel himself down the ice-packed course.

The odds were stacked against Cooper, as he started the 12.5-kilometer pursuit race in nearly last place. He would need to dig deep and rely on his experience as a junior World Cup and all-National Guard athlete if he were to come from behind.

Cooper was competing on the second day of the National Guard Bureau Biathlon Championships held March 3-10 at the biathlon training site here near Jericho, Vermont. He wore bib #80 and began near the back of the pack since illness had caused him to miss the first day of competition -- the 10-kilometer sprint that determined starting positions for the pursuit.

Humble Beginnings

Cooper had begun training for the biathlon event shortly after he entered the National Guard two years ago.

Raised in the tight-knit fishing community of Kenai, Alaska, Cooper found his love for skiing out of boredom, after his older brother joined the middle school cross-country ski team. "He really enjoyed it, so we all started skiing with him," Cooper said. Eventually, he would follow in the footsteps of his older brother and join his middle and high school teams.

Later on, the Alaska National Guard identified Cooper as a possible candidate for the biathlon program. The Guard often interacts with high school and college ski programs to identify potential world-class athletes, said Army Capt. Kevin Elmer, coordinator of the National Guard biathlon program.


Cooper enlisted shortly after graduating high school in 2015. "I didn't know what I wanted to do with my life out of high school," he said. "I potentially wanted to ski for a college, but I didn't know who I wanted to ski for. I had a few career options, but I didn't want to set one and be stuck."

Assigned as a construction equipment repairer with the Alaska National Guard, Cooper hasn't had a lot of time in his chosen career field. Biathlon training has become his primary responsibly as he spends about 10 months out of the year training at Camp Ethan Allen, Vermont.

As Cooper continues to grow in the sport, Elmer considers him a hopeful for the 2022 Beijing Olympics.

"Being an Olympian is every little kid's dream," Cooper said. "I have the opportunity to chase that. I'm doing well, so if I train hard and focus, I can reach that goal."

Biathlon's Military Roots

Biathlon is fundamentally a military tradition, Elmer said. The sport was first introduced in Europe as an alternate form of training for military personnel. In 1924, the Olympics showcased the first military patrol race. At the time, only military personnel were allowed to compete. In many ways, the Army was responsible for leading America into the sport.

Furthermore, biathlon presents many unique challenges. One aspect of the sport, cross-country skiing, tests an athlete's cardiovascular fortitude. Skiing is a stark contrast from the other half of the competition -- shooting -- which requires an athlete to maintain a low heart rate and exhibit fluid and concise movements.

"Shooting is the great equalizer in the sport," Cooper said, smiling. Even on the World Cup level, victories are determined on the range.

Shooting: The Great Equalizer

A single shot could make the difference between first and tenth place, Cooper said. During a competition, every missed shot results in a 150-meter penalty lap, which can take about 25 to 30 seconds to complete.

To aid his marksmanship, Cooper slows his pace to lower his heart rate at about 100 yards before entering the shooting range. Once he gets onto the shooting platform, he finds his mat and quickly gets into position. From that point on, it is all about paying attention to the wind flags and relying on muscle memory.

"I focus on being smooth and fast," he said, adding that he tries to remain confident when taking shots. "[When] prone, I go back and forth between a two-breath and one-breath cadence," meaning he would take one to two big breaths, release and settle, then pause and shoot.

"There are so many minute aspects in the sport, especially when it comes to shooting," Cooper said. For example, the difference between winning and losing could be something as small as not holding the pistol grip or hand stop tight enough, to the placement of knees on the mat, or the breathing cadence and trigger speed.

"I have dirtied a stage in a race," Cooper said, referencing his performance at the youth and junior world championships held in Slovakia in February. "I came in and missed the first five [targets]. I felt sick. I wasn't feeling it the rest of the race."

Cooper came in last place at that competition and tried to cope. "I convinced myself that it wasn't a big deal because I was sick, or I had a bad zero, or I had a bad day," he said. In the end, that performance reminds him just how important shooting is to the sport.


Cooper missed only five out of the 20 available targets during the pursuit race March 9. His average time at the range was around 40 seconds, which was significantly lower than a majority of the competition.

In fact, at the end of pursuit race, Cooper completed the course with a total overall time of 36:28. He felt that he had skied and shot well, but he never envisioned the final results.

"I didn't expect to beat everyone by three and a half minutes," he said, shaking his head in amazement. His performance on the range also played a significant role in his success.

Army Col. Duncan Douglas, assigned to the Rhode Island National Guard, started in the second position and missed nine targets to end with a total time of 40:03 -- good enough for second place. Army Spc. Tadhg Nakada, one of Cooper's teammates from Alaska, started in the first position, but missed 10 targets and finished third with a total time of 40:50.

Although Cooper had the best overall time and finished ahead of all guardsmen in the pursuit, he technically was still competing in the junior category. He took gold, followed by Army Pvt. Everett Darrow, also from the Alaska Guard, and Army Spc. Jordan Theisen, South Dakota Guard.

Crawl, Walk, Run

Getting to an Olympic caliber takes time, and training hasn't come easy for Cooper as he started with minimal shooting experience. To build his confidence, Cooper's coaches implemented a "crawl, walk, then run" approach to teaching him the basics. Cooper would ski a loop, come in and shoot -- then repeat. Training would later progress into the "American test," and he would repeat the process of standing behind the mat and alternating between shooting in the prone and standing positions.