Administrative History

The U.S. Army Nurse Corps (ANC) was established in 1901 as a permanent corps within the U.S. Army Medical Department. Because of the efforts of Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee and advocates for a professional nursing element within the U.S. Army, legislation was included into Section 19 of the Army Reorganization Act and passed by the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate with some modification on February 2, 1901. Prior to the formal and legal recognition of nurses within the Army Medical Department, individuals had been providing care to sick and wounded soldiers as early as 1775.

According to the Army Nurse Corps History website, "The U.S. Army Nurse Corps Historical Collection is a branch of The Office of Medical History, which is a part of the OTSG/MEDCOM Historical Program. Our mission is to support the men and women of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps through the assembly and publication of reference materials, oral histories, original works, web publications, special studies, AMEDD newspaper/professional publications and print series."

Source: "Army Nurse Corps History," U.S. AMEDD Office of Medical History, accessed March 12, 2014. http://history.amedd.army.mil/ANCWebsite/anchome.html

Scope and Content Note

The collection documents the activities of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps and its predecessors from 1775 to the present. The bulk of the material consists of research files collected by various ANC historians and copies of official records kept by multiple ANC offices, all of which are largely textual. Included in the collection are oral history transcripts; newspaper, journal and magazine articles, obituaries; and other printed ephemera. Among the printed materials are correspondence, memorandums, policies, studies, and AMEDD publications. Photographs comprise a smaller, additional format within the collection.

The collection contains reproduction files from copyrighted sources as well as photocopies of records taken from the Nation Archives and Records Administration. Significant gaps both in chronology and in the continuity of any particular topic are due to the nature in which the material was collected.

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is arranged into 85 series according to the War Department, Decimal File System.

Restrictions

Access Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Available on--site. Select material has been digitized and will be available by request.

Usage Restrictions:
Please contact the AMEDD Center of History and Heritage for permission to publish material in this collection.

Language: Materials are in English

For more information please contact:
Usarmy.jbsa.medcom.mbx.hq-medcom-office-of-medical-history@mail.mil