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Chemical Demilitarization Program (CDP)

What is it?
The CDP is charged with destruction of U.S. chemical warfare and non-stockpile chemical materiel as required by the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), an international treaty. The United States Army Chemical Materials Agency (CMA) manages the execution of this nationally important and internationally significant program to safely store all U.S. chemical warfare materiel and destroy the stockpiles located in Tooele, Utah; Anniston, Alabama; Umatilla, Oregon; Pine Bluff, Arkansas; Newport, Indiana; Johnston Atoll, and Aberdeen, Maryland. The Army Secretariat provides oversight of the CDP through the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology).

What has the Army done?
The CMA destroyed more than 2,100 tons of chemical agents during FY08. Overall, CMA has destroyed more than 55 percent of the U.S. stockpile of chemical agents since U.S. ratification of the CWC in 1997, reducing the risk posed by continued storage of chemical weapons at these sites by 95 percent. This progress was achieved while sustaining an injury rate comparable to rates in administrative and support services industries. In previous years, the program eliminated chemical stockpiles at Johnston Atoll, in the South Pacific, and Aberdeen, Maryland. On August 8, 2008, CMA completed neutralization of all VX nerve agent stored at Newport, Indiana. The resulting wastewater (called hydrolysate) was shipped to a commercial disposal facility before taking credit for destruction under the CWC. Disposal of the Newport stockpile eliminated the risk posed by the VX to that community.  Offsite disposal of the hydrolysate demonstrated the safety, efficacy, and cost-savings of offsite disposal of chemical demilitarization wastes. Also, the Army has destroyed all binary chemical weapons and former chemical agent production facilities.

What continued efforts does the United States Army have planned for the future?
The Secretary of Defense notified Congress that complete destruction of the chemical stockpile will not be achieved prior to the CWC deadline of April 29, 2012. However, the United States Army, as Executive Agent of the CDP, will continue to safely store the Nation’s stockpile of chemical weapons and material and complete its destruction mission as close as practicable to the CWC deadline while ensuring the safety of the workers, local populations, and environment.

Why is it important to the Army?
Title 50, United States Code, Section 1521 directs the Department of Defense to destroy the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile and provides for the establishment of a management organization within the Department of the Army to carry out this mission. In addition, the United States is a state party to the CWC. The United States Army provides critical technical and management leadership in this important program.

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