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Army Prepositioned Stocks (APS)

What is it?
The APS program supports the National Military Strategy by strategically prepositioning warfighting stocks afloat and ashore at critical worldwide locations. APS reduces deployment response times for modular, expeditionary Army units. The APS program consists of pre-positioned unit sets of combat equipment, operational projects (OPROJ), sustainment stocks, and war reserve stocks for allies (WRSA). The OPROJ sets provide specialized capabilities above normal unit equipment authorizations. Major and secondary item sustainment stocks are prepositioned in or near a theater of operations to last until re-supply at wartime rates and sea lines of communication are established. Finally, WRSI are located in selected countries which support Allied Force requirements. The centrally managed APS program supports the combatant commanders (COCOM) across the range of military operations.

What has the Army done?
The last six years have demonstrated the strategic responsiveness of APS. In 2003, the Army issued equipment to the 3rd Infantry Division during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). The Army also issued OPROJ stocks, such as the force provider modules, to provide base camp support for both OIF and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). Over time, the Army reconstituted a portion of APS. In 2007, the Army issued APS-3 afloat and APS-5 South West Asia equipment to quickly outfit additional Brigade Combat Teams (BCT) deploying to OIF and to accelerate the equipping of two new BCTs. The Army improved the methodology for determining the war reserve secondary items (WRSI)—such as rations, tents, chemical defense equipment, packaged petroleum products, barbed wire and other barrier materiel, medical supplies, and repair parts—we buy based on OIF/OEF demands. The Army also developed a new APS strategy to configure and position campaign-quality expeditionary capabilities to meet the emerging 21st Century strategic realities. For example, the maintenance readiness of the brigade sets in Korea was raised dramatically while they were reconfigured to the new modular Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT) and sustainment brigade designs to support the COCOM needs. The APS has fulfilled its strategic purpose of enhancing Army strategic responsiveness and agility, but in order to restore balance to the Army’s strategic posture, it is now necessary to fully replenish the APS stocks.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The Army extended the completion of APS reconstitution from 2013 to 2015 so that required critical equipment and stocks would be available to meet current operational demands. In November 2007, the Army Senior Leadership approved the revised reconstitution plan introduced in the APS Strategy 2015. The APS Strategy 2015 positions land-based modular HBCTs and afloat modular Infantry Brigade Combat Teams with wheeled augmentation sets, at strategic locations worldwide. The APS sets are enhanced with essential combat support/combat service support unit sets, hospitals/medical support sets, watercraft, OPROJs, munitions, and major and secondary item sustainment stocks to support operations in austere environments. Army Prepositional Stocks employment concepts have been expanded to include support to emerging COCOM rotational unit concepts, homeland defense, and humanitarian assistance. Finally, APS equipment will continue to be modernized to match home-station equipment to reduce training requirements upon deployment.

Why is this important to the Army?
The importance of APS to an expeditionary Army at war is demonstrated by continuing support to OIF/OEF. The APS remains a critical element of the Army Power Projection Program (AP3) and supports in the Overseas Contingency Operations. The APS configuration will allow for interface with current and future lift platforms and improve access globally. The reconstitution of APS unit equipment sets directed in the APS Strategy 2015 will provide the COCOMS with responsive capabilities to execute lesser contingencies and theater security cooperation activities, while reducing lift requirements in the early phases of military operations. This balanced suite of capabilities for multiple roles in accordance with the Department of Defense’s Guidance for Employment of the Force will result in improved strategic responsiveness by FY10, with APS completely reconstituted by FY15. The OPROJs will continue to provide specialized capabilities, such as inland petroleum distribution systems, force provider base camp modules, mortuary affairs materiel, special operations forces support, bridging equipment, and more. Prepositioned sustainment supplies provide deploying units initial materiel support that fills the gap until lines of communications are opened. The APS capabilities remain a critical component of the Army’s strategy for fielding the forces of the future. .

POC: Mr. Keith Mostofi (703) 614-1017

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