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The Army Force Generation Process

What is it?
The Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) process is the Army's method for effectively and efficiently generating trained and ready forces for combatant commanders on a sustainable, rotational basis. As such, it synchronizes the Army's primary Title systems: manning, equipping, training, resourcing, sustaining, and modernizing - used to generate forces.

What has the Army done?
Originally, ARFORGEN was a relatively static process that, through a series of iterative conferences, culminated in an annual publication of an ARFORGEN Synchronization Order assigning specific units against specific operational and contingency requirements. Over time, it has refined into a force generating process that is more flexible and responsive to the shifting demands for forces. Now, embraced as the Army’s core process for providing trained and ready land forces, ARFORGEN has proven its flexibility and responsiveness by meeting the demands of ever increasing requirements. The most notable example of this is the Army’s ability to successfully surge five Brigade Combat Teams, a combat aviation brigade, several support brigades, and a division headquarters to meet the increased demands of Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2007.

Just as the dynamic nature of today’s environment compelled the Army to mature and refine ARFORGEN into a process of continuous synchronization to better perform sourcing and resourcing activities; the Army has readdressed the role of ARFORGEN within its resourcing processes. As such, the Army has matured ARFORGEN into a supply based model with utility within the Army’s corporate approach to programmatic as well as a demand based process that drives the manner in which the Army builds force readiness with resources allocated to units on a continuous, vice episodic, basis given their assigned missions and latest arrival dates (LAD) in a theater of operation.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The Army is at a critical stage in the evolution of ARFORGEN. Meeting the strategic demand for conventional land forces continues to be a challenge. As a result of the current demand for forces, the ARFORGEN model relies on continuous access to our Reserve Component (RC) forces at a level of 50 to 75 thousand Soldiers mobilized per year. As demand for forces decreases, this reliance on our RC forces could be reduced, but not be eliminated. Decreased demand for forces will also allow the Army to slow down the ARFORGEN cycle allowing units more time between deployments which will reduce stress on Soldiers and Families and allow more time for units to train for full spectrum operations. Army initiatives to improve the Reset process, better align Army institutions to support ARFORGEN, and to increase the available number of units in the ARFORGEN cycle will also contribute to better meeting the demand for forces in a more sustainable manner.

Why is this important to the Army?
Army institutional systems and processes were designed to support a pre-9/11 Army that deployed for small and/or short duration missions. The ARFORGEN process – properly resourced -- provides a sustainable method for rotating trained and ready forces to combatant commanders.

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