Red Team Education and Training

What is it?  Red teaming provides commanders an independent capability to fully explore alternatives in plans, operations, concepts, organizations, and capabilities in the context of the operational environment and from the perspectives of our partners, adversaries, and others.  It is a function executed by trained and educated officers, senior warrant officers, senior non-commissioned officers, and civilians to enhance staff planning and improve decision making in today's dynamic and uncertain environment.

What has the Army done?  US Army’s Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) established the University of Foreign Military and Cultural Studies (UFMCS) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas to provide the educational and training foundation to support the fielding of a force-wide red team capability.  The curriculum is designed to enable Red Teams to support decision making during planning and operations, anticipate cultural perceptions of partners, adversaries and others, and conduct independent and unbiased critical reviews and analysis of such items as concepts and experiments in order to identify potential weaknesses and vulnerabilities.    

What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future?  Yearly, two sessions of the 18 week Red Team leader course, taught at the graduate level, will be conducted for the Army, other service and joint organizations.  To meet the needs of deploying units, UFMCS will offer a quarterly stop gap course for lieutenant colonels and majors in deploying units.  Additionally, a 6 week Red Team Member course has been added in 2007.  Each course will be subject to an assessment - during and after the course - to evaluate and drive modifications to the curriculum.  In 2008, UFMCS is expected to reach full operational capability to meet the education and training requirements to fill requirements for the Army's operating force.  Simultaneously, UFMCS will continue to develop and refine best practices, techniques and procedures and build a reachback framework.  This reachback capability will provide access to subject matter experts, databases, and a means to exchange lessons and information among red teams.

Why is this important to the Army?  Operations supporting the Global War on Terror and analysis of future complex operational environments confirm that the Army requires a capability within its units to aid the commander and staff to identify and quickly adapt to new and unanticipated challenges and opportunities.  Historically the services, government and industry have employed some form of Red Teaming; however, there has been no formal education or training program nor common red teaming doctrine, procedures, methodologies, or framework.  UFMCS will fill these gaps. Graduates of UFMCS will enhance mission accomplishment by looking at problems from the perspective of the adversary, multinational partners, and others - through the lens of alternative strategies.  Effective Red Teams help insure units avoid group think, tunnel vision, and mirror imaging, while providing critical insights to enable better decisions during planning and operations.