What is it? Expeditionary Capabilities provide the Army with the ability to rapidly deploy anywhere, at any time, in any environment, against any adversary, to accomplish the assigned mission. The new strategic context of continuous operations renders obsolete the old Army readiness paradigm of “all ready, all the time.” Continuous, full-spectrum expeditionary operations are the new reality. The Army is developing a process of force generation to provide Combatant Commanders and civil authorities with rapidly deployable, employable and sustainable force capabilities packages tailored to specific mission requirements.
What has the Army done? The Army, in conjunction with the other services, must continue to seek improved airlift and sealift capabilities that will enable insertion of Brigade Combat Teams in austere settings (not relying on Air and Sea Ports of Debarkation), with minimal requirement for Reception, Staging, Onward movement and Integration. Strategic responsiveness is enhanced through improving the ability to deploy rapidly to austere fighting environments, fight on arrival throughout the battlespace and sustain operations until victorious. These initiatives include:
- Establishing a comprehensive Army Force Generation process to provide Combatant Commanders and civil authorities with rapidly deployable and employable Army forces.
- Resetting Army prepositioned equipment sets into modular configurations.
- Building modular capabilities that improve theater force reception and logistics connectivity and distribution capability in the Brigade Combat Teams.
- Identifying and improving infrastructure at critical power projection installations to support mobilization, demobilization and rapid deployment.
- Updating institutional processes to prepare forces for rapid deployments and to support forces in sustained expeditionary operations.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? The Army is repositioning its ground forces to meet a unit rotation model that is synchronized to Army force generation processes. These efforts include Army support of Base Realignment and Closure and Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy efforts. We will station forces in the United States based on the critical factors of training resources and power projection. In Europe and the Pacific, we will maintain smaller forward-presence forces while stationing more agile and expeditionary forces to respond to contingencies. In the Middle East and elsewhere, we will maintain rotational presence while eliminating many of our permanent bases.
Why is this important to the Army? Army general-purpose forces are proving to be the primary military instrument to create favorable and enduring security conditions in crisis regions. Nevertheless, strategic and operational requirements compel the Army to reconcile staying power, durability, and adaptability with expeditionary agility and responsiveness. Not only must the Army sustain decisive operations for as long as necessary to allow for politically favorable resolution, Army forces must be ready to adapt to changes across the range of military operations and against adaptive adversaries.