1942 - Creation of WAAC

Women Soldiers using Antiaircraft Artillery
  • Congress approves the bill to create the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, or WAAC.
  • Oveta Culp Hobby is sworn in as the first director.
  • The first WAAC training schools open.
  • A top secret project called "Battery X" was established utilizing women to crew Anti-aircraft Artillery in the Military District of Washington.

1943 - WAAC renamed WAC

Women Airforce Service Pilots
  • The 149th WAAC Post Headquarters Company becomes the first WAAC unit to serve overseas at Allied Forces Headquarters.
  • Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers introduces legislation to change the name of the WAAC to Women's Army Corps, or WAC, and drop the "auxiliary" affiliation.
  • WAC Special Troops are deployed overseas for duty in Italy.
  • Women Airforce Service Pilots, or WASP, is established

1944 - 5,000 women serve in Pacific

Nurse in vehicle
  • More than 5,000 women serve in the Southwest Pacific region from 1944 - 1955.
  • Army nurses land at Normandy four days after D-Day.

1945 - 6888th to Europe, Hobby Resigns

All-black WAC (Women's Army Corps) unit
  • The 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion, an all-black WAC unit, departs for Europe.
  • Col. Hobby resigns and is replaced by Col. Westray Battle Boyce.
  • Nurses captured at the fall of Corregidor in 1942 are released by the Japanese.

1946 - Legislation for WACs in the regular Army

Women phone operators
  • Lt. Col. Mary Hallaren is appointed WAC deputy director.
  • Army Chief of Staff Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower directs legislation to include WACs in the regular Army and the Organized Reserve Corps.
  • WAC officers arrive in Japan for assignment to the 8000th WAC Battalion.
  • Congress provides re-employment rights for WAAC and WAC.

1947 - Hallaren appointed director

Lieutenant Colonel Hallaren
  • Lt. Col. Hallaren is appointed director of the WAC, replacing Boyce.
  • Women's Medical Specialist Corps established.

1948 - WACs enlisted in regular Army

WACs Enlisted in Regular Army
  • WACs, with prior service, are enlisted in the Regular Army.
  • WAC Training Center is established on Camp Lee, Virginia.
  • The Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948 becomes Public Law 80-625. It establishes the WAC as part of the regular Army. Col. Hallaren is appointed director of WAC.

1949 - WAC AUS terminated

WAC unit standing outside
  • The WAC, Army of the United States, or AUS, is terminated.
  • Women, who are honorably discharged from the WAC AUS, reenlist in the WAC Regular Army.
  • The defense secretary orders the Army to revise their racial policy.