President George W. Bush addresses a UN special session and refers to Iraq, Iran and North Korea as an "axis of evil." He states the regimes "pose a growing danger."
Operation Freedom Eagle begins. About 600 U.S. Army Special Operations troops and other U.S. military personnel are deployed to assist the Armed Forces of the Philippines in combating al Qaeda leaders and associated Islamist extremist groups.
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan is unable to influence Iraqi representatives to allow UN weapons inspectors to return.
Operation Anaconda takes place. This is a joint assault operation between U.S. military, CIA, and other allies, against al Qaeda and Taliban forces in Afghanistan. The Taliban suffered heavy casualties and evacuated the region.
The UN Security Council extends International Security Force-Afghanistan until December 2002. The coalition force is a NATO-led contingent established to provide stability and security within Afghanistan.
The 'Phoenix Project' is completed, almost under a month ahead of schedule. This construction project was to repair the damage caused to the Pentagon by the 9/11 attacks when American Airlines Flight 77 was deliberately crashed into the building.Read More about the Phoenix Project
President George W. Bush calls for unilateral action against Iraq. Iraq announces it will allow inspectors to return, but recants the offer, specifying no new U.S. sanctions as a condition of acceptance.
UN Security Council Resolution 1441 calls for Iraq to cooperate with UN inspection teams.