Stationing--Army Growth and Force Structure Realignment
What is it? The Army has made critical stationing and fore structure realignment decisions based on the President's plan to grow the Army by approximately 74,200 Soldiers. These decisions were integrated with BRAC, Global Defense Posture Realignment and force structure realignments. By associating realignment actions with this latest growth plan, the Army will redistribute and rebalance across all three components (Active, Guard, and Reserve) to enhance strategic depth. The Army consolidated and reported the planned growth and force structure realignment to Congress on Dec. 19, 2007 in the Grow the Army Stationing Plan.
What has the Army done? The Army is undergoing the largest organization change since World War II, transforming to a Brigade-centric modular force. Our Army is executing a tightly-woven, operationally-synchronized facilitated by Military Construction. In early 2007, the President recommended to Congress to grow Army end strength by 74,200 (65,000 in Active end strength; 8,200 in Army National Guard end strength; and, 1,000 in United States Army Reserve end strength) by 2013.
Meanwhile, the Army is stretched thin because the current global demands on the force exceed the sustainable supply. To correct this imbalance, the Secretary of Defense authorized the Army to accelerate growth to be accomplished by 2010. The Grow the Army Stationing plan calls for:
- The building and stationing of six new Infantry Brigade Combat Teams (IBCTs) by FY11.
- The building and stationing of eight Support Brigades / Headquarters by FY13.
- The restationing (not part of growth) of two multi-functional brigades (Maneuver Enhancement Brigades)
- The extension of combat brigade capabilities in the European command for an additional two years through the activation of two BCTs in Germany in 2008 and 2010.
- The associated growth in smaller, various sized combat support (CS) and combat service support (CSS) units.
What continuing efforts does the Army have planned? The Army currently has 42 Active Component BCTs. Complying with the Record of Decision for the Army's Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, the Army will grow six IBCTs for a total of 48 by:
- FY08: Retain one IBCT at Fort Carson, Colo., as the 43rd BCT.
- FY09: Activate the 44th BCT at Fort Bliss, Texas
- FY10: Convert one heavy BCT to an IBCT at Fort Stewart, Ga., as the 45th BCT.
- FY11: Grow the 46th BCT at Fort Stewart, Ga.; the 47th BCT at Fort Carson, Colo; and the 48th BCT at Fort Bliss, Texas.
- The two BCTs stationed in Germany for two years will relocate in FY12 and FY13 respectively. These units tentatively are to go to Fort Bliss, Texas, and White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
The Army will also activate eight active component support brigades and restation two others as part of rebalancing the force at the following locations:
- FY08: an air defense artillery brigade headquarters activates at Fort Hood, Texas, and an engineer brigade headquarters activates at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii;
- FY09, a maneuver enhancement brigade activates at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo;
- FY10, a fires brigade activates at Fort Bliss, Texas, and a maneuver enhancement brigade will be restationed to Fort Richardson, Alaska (pending completion of supplemental environmental analysis in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act);
- FY11, an expeditionary sustainment command headquarters activates at Fort Lewis, Wash., and a sustainment brigade activates at Fort Hood, Texas;
- FY13, a military police brigade will be retained at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, a battlefield surveillance brigade activates at Fort Polk, La., and a maneuver enhancement brigade will be restationed to Fort Drum, N.Y.
To support these six IBCTs and eight support brigades, the Army is stationing approximately 30,000 Soldiers in combat support and combat service support units throughout the United States as well as various overseas locations.
Why is this important to the Army? The Grow the Army Stationing plan will enable accelerated growth and force structure realignment and will improve readiness while complying with 2005 BRAC law, sustaining current global commitments, and preparing to meet future challenges. The plan will enable construction for new facilities, will limit the use of temporary relocatable facilities, and will permit necessary maintenance and repair of existing facilities; this will tremendously reduce the stress and turbulence on our Soldiers and Families. The Grow the Army plan will help to bring our stretched forces back into balance and will greatly aid in improving Soldier and Family readiness in this era of persistent conflict.