Building Partnership Capacity through Security Cooperation
What is it? Security cooperation is the means by which the Department of Defense encourages and enables countries and organizations to work with us to achieve strategic objectives. Security cooperation programs help build partnership capacities by enhancing military capabilities of our international partners while addressing our own capability gaps. The Army employs a wide range of security cooperation tools and programs to support the combatant commanders and make U.S. Army training, equipment, and technologies available to our allies and coalition partners. Specific tools and programs include:
- Instructing foreign military students in Army schools,
- Training and equipping Afghan and Iraqi forces,
- Conducting bilateral army-to-army staff talks with key allies,
- Officer liaison and exchange programs,
- International cooperative research, development and acquisition (ICRDA) programs,
- Security assistance in the form of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and training,
- Export licensing,
- International interoperability and standardization programs, and
- Combined multinational exercises, and training programs designed to enhance the effectiveness of allied and partner ground forces for assuming expeditionary missions.
What has the Army done? In 2006, the Army conducted 14 Chief of Staff Counterpart visits, nine bilateral staff talks, Senior National Representative (Army) meetings involving eight partner nations and regional Chief of Army conferences. The Army trained some 8,847 foreign students from 143 countries in the United States and, in addition to the massive effort in Afghanistan and Iraq, sent 69 training teams to 39 nations. There were 460 medical training events in 88 countries. The Army executed $5.29 billion in foreign military sales to 140 armies, 47 air forces, 26 navies and 26 other security entities. The Army not only provided equipment and training in support of stabilization in Afghanistan and Iraq but also supplemented these activities by providing critical warfighting enablers to coalition partners in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The Army also initiated or expanded its ICRDA efforts, many of which focused on support to Future Combat System (FCS). The U.S. established a Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Project Arrangement (PA) with the UK, a framework agreement with Australia for future cooperation on Land Force Capability Modernization (LFCM), as well as a PA with Singapore on Land Warfare Concepts and Technology (LWCT). All three are examples of the agreements established with our foreign partners to leverage foreign technology and to foster partnerships. The Army is also leading NATO's Defense Against Terrorism (DAT) initiative for Joint Precision Air Drop Systems (JPADS) and playing a key role in: Defense Against Mortar Attacks; Countering Improvised Explosive Devices; Explosive Ordnance Disposal Consequence Management, and defense against Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear attack.
- This topic was taken directly from the 2007 Army Posture Statement. To continue reading this topic in its entirety, click here.
- 2007 Strategic Communication Guide - Be Army Strong, and Army Smart. Read the 2007 Army Strategic Communication Guide.