Composite Risk Management
What is it? We recognize that our Soldiers and civilians are vital Army assets whether engaging the enemy, resetting at home station, or visiting family in their hometown. Composite Risk Management (CRM) is the Army's primary risk management process for identifying and controlling risks across the full spectrum of Army missions, functions, operations, and activities.
CRM supplements a focus on the main operation with consideration of other risks to give a complete picture of exposure. There is no separation of tactical or accidental, deployed or garrison, field or work area, on duty or off duty risks--it is risk management 24/7. The enemy, materiel, the environment, and human factors--during a mission or outside of it--all interact. Commanders, leaders, and individual Soldiers and civilians apply CRM through the identification of all hazards then determining and applying appropriate control measures to mitigate those hazards.
What has the Army done? The primary premise of CRM is that it does not matter where or how the loss occurs, the result is the same--decreased combat power or mission effectiveness. The guiding principles of CRM are:
- Integrate CRM into all phases of missions and operations, to include planning, preparation, execution, and recovery.
- Make risk decisions at the appropriate level. As a decision-making tool, CRM is only effective when the information is passed to the appropriate level of command for decision. Commanders are required to establish and publish approval authority for decision-making. This may be a separate policy, specifically addressed in regulatory guidance, or addressed in the commander's training guidance. Approval authority for risk decision-making is usually based on guidance from higher headquarters.
- Accept no unnecessary risk. Accept no level of risk unless the potential gain or benefit outweighs the potential loss. CRM is a decision-making tool to assist the commander, leader, or individual in identifying, assessing, and controlling risks in order to make informed decisions that balance risk costs (losses) against mission benefits (potential gains).
- CRM is a continuous process applied across the full spectrum of Army training and operations, individual and collective day-to-day activities and events, and base operations functions. It is a process that is used to continuously identify and assess hazards, develop and implement controls, and evaluate outcomes.
- Do not be risk averse. Identify and control the hazards; complete the mission.
- This topic was taken directly from the 2007 Army Posture Statement. To continue reading this topic in its entirety, click here.
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