Building Partnership Capacity through Security Cooperation
What is it? Security cooperation programs help build partnership capacities by enhancing military capabilities of our international partners while addressing our own capability gaps. These programs develop and establish relationships with our allies/coalition partners while enhancing standardization and interoperability of military equipment and systems. Security Cooperation enhances Our ability to operate effectively across a range of military missions. Several key tools in support of this initiative include: international cooperative research, development, and acquisition (ICRDA) agreements; Security Assistance; and export licensing. ICRDA agreements improve U.S. and allied capabilities by leveraging one another's resources to address military capability gaps and advance military technology state-of-the-art. ICRDA agreements support defense cooperation in armaments, interoperability and standardization goals, thus maximizing the return on military research and development investment. Security assistance, in the form of Foreign Military Sales (FMS), international military education and training, and review of commercial munitions licenses, enhances interoperability and U.S. national security interests by making U.S. Army training, equipment, and technologies available to our allies and coalition partners. These activities help the U.S. achieve foreign policy and national security objectives.
What has the Army Done? In 2006, the Army initiated or expanded its ICRDA Agreement, many of which focused on support to Future Combat System (FCS). The "C4ISR" Project Arrangement with the UK serves as an example. The U.S. also signed a framework agreement with Australia for future cooperation on Land Force Capability Modernization (LFCM), as well as a Project Arrangement with Singapore on Land Warfare Concepts and Technology (LWCT). Both are examples of the agreements established with our foreign partners to leverage foreign technology and to foster partnerships. The Army is also leading NATO's Defense Against Terrorism (DAT) initiative for Joint Precision Air Drop Systems (JPADS) and playing a key role in: Defense Against Mortar Attacks; Countering Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs); Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Consequence Management, and defense against Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear attack. The Army managed a multibillion dollar FMS program and processed over 7,000 commercial export licenses for Army managed systems and technology. Security assistance activities are involved with 140 different armies, 47 air forces, and 26 navies around the world. These activities serve to build long lasting relationships, maintain interoperability, and train and equip these countries to fight the Global War on Terrorism. FMS activities include the sale of night vision goggles, trucks, helicopters, small arms and ammunition, communication equipment, and other military equipment.
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-For more information on this and other topics see Addendum J in the Army Posture Statement.