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Edition: Fri, November 24, 2006
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Composite Risk Management (CRM)

What is it? CRM is the Army's primary risk management process for identifying and controlling risks across the full spectrum of Army missions, functions, operations, and activities.

Composite risk management supplements a focus on the main operation with consideration of other risks to give a complete picture of exposure. There is no separation of tactical or accidental, deployed or garrison, field or shop, on duty or off duty--it is risk management 24/7, because Soldiers and civilians are vital Army assets whether engaging the enemy, recocking back home, or on block leave. The enemy, materiel, the environment, and human factors--during a mission or outside of it--all interact. All hazards are identified and control measures identified then applied to mitigate the hazards.

What has the Army done? The primary premise of CRM is that it does not matter where or how the loss occurs, the result is the same--decreased combat power or mission effectiveness. The guiding principles of CRM are as follows:

- Integrate CRM into all phases of missions and operations, to include planning, preparation, execution, and recovery.
- Make risk decisions at the appropriate level. As a decision-making tool, CRM is only effective when the information is passed to the appropriate level of command for decision. Commanders are required to establish and publish approval authority for decision-making. This may be a separate policy, specifically addressed in regulatory guidance, or addressed in the commander's training guidance. Approval authority for risk decision-making is usually based on guidance from higher HQ.
- Accept no unnecessary risk. Accept no level of risk unless the potential gain or benefit outweighs the potential loss. CRM is a decision-making tool to assist the commander, leader, or individual in identifying, assessing, and controlling risks in order to make informed decisions that balance risk costs (losses) against mission benefits (potential gains).
- Apply the process cyclically and continuously. CRM is a continuous process applied across the full spectrum of Army training and operations, individual and collective day-to-day activities and events, and base operations functions. It is a process that is used to continuously identify and assess hazards, develop and implement controls, and evaluate outcomes.
- Do not be risk averse. Identify and control the hazards; complete the mission.

For more additional information on Composite Risk Management (CRM)

For more information on this and other topics see Addendum J in the Army Posture Statement.

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