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Edition: Fri, September 08, 2006
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TODAY'S FOCUS

Field Manual (FM) 2-22.3, "Human Intelligence Collector Operations."

This week, the Army published Field Manual (FM) 2-22.3, "Human Intelligence Collector Operations." It replaces Field Manual 34-52, published in 1992.

  • Wholly unclassified; can be shared with Coalition partners
  • Complies with Detainee Treatment Act of 2005; incorporates provisions of Geneva Conventions, to include Common Article 3.
  • Single Humane standard for Detainee treatment regardless of status
    -Explicitly prohibits Torture, Cruel, Inhuman & Degrading treatment
    -Lists prohibited practices (dogs, nakedness/sex acts, beatings/ burns/shocks & infliction of physical pain, heat/cold use, hoods, mock executions, waterboarding, and deprivation of food/water/medical).

  • Personally reviewed and approved by every Combatant Commander, Service Secretaries & Chiefs, JCS & Service General Counsels/JAGs & Director DIA
    -Establishes DoD-wide Interrogation standards
    -FM contains 19 Interrogation approach techniques (No others authorized)

  • 18 Interrogation techniques authorized for use with all enemy combatants, regardless of status
  • One additional (19th) Restricted Interrogation technique (Separation) in Appx M for use only with unlawful enemy combatants.
  • Combatant Commanders specifically requested that Separation be included to meet operational requirements (eg to keep unlawful enemy combatants from communicating & to obtain time-sensitive information)
    -For use by-exception
    -High level of oversight; Combatant Commanders must approve; 2d General Officer must review/approve Interrogation plans which utilize
    -Special Interrogator training & certification required
    -Mandatory safeguards integrated to ensure Humane application

  • Specifies requirements for Non-DoD access to Detainees under DoD control.
  • JTF or Combatant Commanders must authorize; Non-DoD must comply with DoD standards, be escorted & observed by DoD personnel
    -Specifies that Commanders are responsible & accountable for compliance with provisions of FM 2-22.3; for ensuring Humane Detainee treatment.
    -All Military personnel are responsible and accountable to immediately report suspected Detainee abuse; the new FM prescribes procedures.

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