"We will do whatever it takes to bring down the level of violence in Baghdad."
Army Maj. Gen. William B. Caldwell IV told reporters during a Baghdad news briefing on July 20, 2006
What is it? This modular conversion effort is the greatest restructuring of Army forces since World War II, and it affects nearly every combat and support organization in our inventory. Our three primary goals for reorganizing into a modular, brigade-based force:
- Increase the number of available Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) to meet operational commitments while maintaining combat effectiveness that is equal to or better than that of previous divisional Brigade Combat Teams.
- Create brigade-based combat and support formations of common organizational designs that can be easily tailored to meet the varied demands of the Geographic Combatant Commanders-reducing joint planning and execution complexities.
- Redesign organizations to perform as integral parts of the Joint Force-making them more effective across the range of military operations and enhancing their ability to contribute to joint, interagency, and multinational efforts.
What has the Army done? The Army has completed the modular conversion of 25 BCTs and the activation of 7 BCTs-bringing the total number of modularly converted BCTs to 32. The Army has also created organizational designs and modular conversion sequences for modular headquarters, support brigades, and functional brigades that comprise over 70 percent of the Army's operating forces.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? Most combat formations and headquarters will be complete by 2008, theater army headquarters will be completed by 2009, and support brigades will be completed by 2011. Over the mid-term, the Army will build or convert 70 BCTs.
Why is this important to the Army? The continued modular force conversion will relieve stress on the force, provide time to train, create more predictable deployment schedules, and enable the Army to maintain a continuous supply of ready land power to Combatant Commanders and civil authorities. It is imperative that Congress continue to provide the requisite funding in order for the Army to complete modular force conversion.
The Army's Modular Forces
For more information on this and other topics see Addendum J in the Army Posture Statement.