Active Component / Reserve Component Rebalance
What is it? The active component/reserve component (AC/RC) rebalance initiative is an incremental process that has evolved over time to hasten the transformation of a post cold war Army into a force capable of efficiently and effectively addressing the war fighting requirements of the new strategic environment. The major efforts supporting this initiative are an increase in capabilities to relieve stress on High Demand / Low Density (HD/LD) units; the rebalance of capabilities across the Army to eliminate demand for RC units during the initial phase of an operational deployment; and force management decisions to improve readiness and unit deployment availability. With the increased emphasis by the Secretary of Defense to reduce the impact on RC structure, the direction given by the Chief of Staff, Army in the Focus Areas and modular force transformation initiatives, and the impact of recent operational demands on force management processes, AC/RC rebalance has become an integral part of force management in aligning resources across the Active duty, Army National Guard (ARNG) and U.S. Army Reserve. The Army is also addressing the imbalance of its key force multiplier capabilities by creating a balanced AC/RC structure in organizations that deploy and sustain the force. This includes the ability to expand certain activities through commercial contracting to ease over reliance on RC assets, provide surge ability for contingency operations, and maintain routine peacetime operations at strategic nodes and Power Generation Platforms.
What has the Army done? The Army began addressing AC/RC balance in Program Objective Memorandum (POM) 2004-2009 with adjustments of approximately 25,000 to restructure the force in a post September 11, 2001 security posture (Phase 1). Following the Secretary of Defense guidance in July 2003, the Army rebalanced almost 10,000 of structure to reduce RC mobilization and eliminate demand for RC units in the initial phase of deployment Continue
For more information on this and other topics see Addendum J in the Army Posture Statement.
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