The change in the strategic environment has forced us to review how we do business to better counter evolving threats. The last time we reviewed and rewrote FM 1 was June 2001, just four months before our enemies attacked the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Today we are a nation at war. And our new doctrine reflects the depth and urgency of our journey. (video)
Peter J. Schoomaker
Chief of Staff of the Army
FM 1: The Army - THE ARMY'S OPERATIONAL CONCEPT AND SUPPORTING FUNDAMENTALS
The Army's operational concept is the core statement of its doctrine. It is not static, but evolves and is shaped by the Nation's requirements for landpower, the operational environment, and emerging capabilities.
There are four fundamentals which underlie the operational concept.
1. Combined arms involves the complementary application of the different Army branches.
2. Joint interdependence describes the complementary use of Army forces with those of other Services as part of the joint force.
3. Full spectrum operations combine offensive, defensive, stability and reconstruction, and civil support operations.
4. Mission command is the Army's preferred method for commanding and controlling forces.
The Army's operational concept is seizing, retaining, and exploiting the initiative with speed, shock, surprise, depth, simultaneity, and endurance.
- Initiative, in its operational sense, is setting or dictating the terms of action throughout an operation.
- Speed is the ability of land forces to act rapidly.
- Shock is the application of violence of such magnitude that the enemy force is stunned and helpless to reverse the situation.
- Surprise involves the delivery of a powerful blow at a time and place for which the adversary is unprepared.
- Depth, a function of space and reach, is the ability to operate across the entire area of operations.
- Simultaneity, a function of time, confronts opponents with multiple actions occurring at once.
- Endurance is the ability to survive and persevere over time.
Source:FM 1: Chapter 3