Archive: ARNEWS

Showing 3100-3200 of 4587 items, Subscribe to RSS Feed
 
  • Iraqi Army medics, local doctors, lead mission at Abu Ghraib

    Jul 26, 2010

    As the early morning summer sun rose over Abu Ghraib, July 22, American Soldiers unloaded medical and comfort supplies into a government building, called Quiamacam, in preparation for a joint medical engagement.

  • Soldier saves three, receives highest non-combat award

    Jul 26, 2010

    A Virginia Army National Guard Soldier serving an active-duty tour with the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command was awarded the Soldier's Medal at Fort Monroe July 23 for his actions that resulted in saving the lives of three men following a boating accident in the Chesapeake Bay.

  • 'Art of the American Soldier' debuts in September

    Jul 23, 2010

    The public will get a chance to see for the first time more than 250 paintings and sketches of the American Soldier at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Sept. 24, 2010, through Jan. 10, 2011.

  • Aggressive treatment of pain prevents future complications

    Jul 23, 2010

    Treating pain aggressively, at the time of injury all the way to healing, means fewer complications.

  • 100th F model Chinook rolls out

    Jul 23, 2010

    The 100th F Model Chinook rolled out of the Boeing facility during a ceremony commemorating the milestone and the Army's acceptance of the aircraft at the Boeing plant in Philadelphia, Pa., July 22.

  • Army leaders praise successful network integration exercise

    Jul 23, 2010

    The U.S. Army's Brigade Combat Team Integration exercise at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., July 12-16 connected Soldiers, sensors, UAVs, networked vehicles on-the-move, command posts and other nodes over long distances through satellite and software-programmable radios as part of an effort to evaluate the progress of its battlefield network.

  • Army technology expands snake-robotics

    Jul 23, 2010

    Development of snake-like technology underway at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory is moving the military toward sending more autonomous systems instead of Soldiers on search-and-rescue missions, a top priority in the most dangerous mission areas.

  • DoD employees may be furloughed if supplement not passed

    Jul 22, 2010

    The Army may need to furlough civilian employees in mid-August and may later run out of money for active-duty pay should Congress fail to pass a wartime supplemental appropriation.

  • Army opens resilience evaluation to DA civilians

    Jul 22, 2010

    The Army's extended its concern about the mental fitness of Soldiers and their families to the civilians that serve stateside, abroad and in combat zones.

  • 'Sea to Shining Sea' team nears conclusion of inspiring ride

    Jul 22, 2010

    After riding nearly 3,800 miles on a bike, talking to wounded Soldiers wouldn't be on most cyclists' minds.

  • Soldiers give prosthetics to Iraqi hospital

    Jul 22, 2010

    Soldiers delivered boxes of prosthetic limbs July 19 to the Adamiyah Hospital, a rehabilitative hospital in the Baghdad area.

  • AFRICOM commander sees progress in Africa

    Jul 22, 2010

    The commander of U.S. Africa Command Gen. William E. "Kip" Ward told an audience at the Center for Strategic and International Studies July 20 that AFRICOM has moved into an operational stage.

  • New policies protect troops from mild traumatic brain injuries

    Jul 22, 2010

    Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. George W. Casey Jr. has sent a message to commanders throughout the force to reinforce new policies designed to minimize the effects of mild traumatic brain injuries.

  • VA working to speed GI Bill payments

    Jul 21, 2010

    The Department of Veterans Affairs is working to improve processing veterans benefits under the Post-9/11 GI Bill, a VA official told senators.

  • Little Warriors experience Army at Camp Robinson

    Jul 21, 2010

    Children of Soldiers stationed at Camp Robinson, Ark., enjoyed a Little Warriors Day May 7, where camouflage face-painting, a helicopter demonstration and a chat with a sniper were among activities.

  • Army must identify 'hidden redundancies'

    Jul 21, 2010

    In order for the Army to meet budget goals set by the Department of Defense, it must review its equipment portfolios and identify systems that provide redundant capabilities.

  • Exercise helps Army plan network's future

    Jul 21, 2010

    Members of several Army technology development offices conducted an exercise on White Sands Missile Range July 12-16 to evaluate the connectivity of various items in the development of a wide-reaching wireless military communications and battle-control network.

  • Army exercise decentralizes network, commander

    Jul 20, 2010

    The Brigade Combat Team Integration Exercise which concluded last week brought together engineers from the Army acquisition community, Soldiers from the Army Evaluation Task Force and the Army's senior leaders who each experienced firsthand the Army's future tactical network at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., and Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.

  • Soldiers take medals at National Boxing Championships

    Jul 20, 2010

    The Army made a dent in the medal board at the 2010 U.S. National Boxing Championships in Colorado Springs, Colo., July 17, placing three winners.

  • U.S. Army trains Iraqi aviators

    Jul 20, 2010

    U.S. Soldiers flew a training mission with Soldiers from the Iraqi Army, teaching them how to transport VIP's in the battlefield.

  • Black Hawk crew rescues injured hiker

    Jul 20, 2010

    The Oklahoma National Guard sent a Black Hawk crew to rescue a hiker who fell 80 feet into a ravine at the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge.

  • Iraqi Army continues training on M1A1 tanks

    Jul 20, 2010

    By 8:30 a.m., it is 98 degrees Fahrenheit under the tarpaulin. A group of eager Iraqi Army soldiers huddle around Sgt. Jasen Sumner as he explains how to conduct preventive maintenance checks and services on the track pads of the M1A1 Abrams Main Battle Tank.

  • Soldiers, Airmen hone life-saving skills at Global Medic

    Jul 19, 2010

    As the patient lies bloodied on the stretcher, he grimaces with pain. With lacerations to his head and neck, it's clear that he is not in great condition -- he needs to be moved off the battlefield.

  • Army officials continue push for system consolidation

    Jul 19, 2010

    Army officials continue to push for a consolidation of network systems to run on a single common operating environment and for network efficiency across the service.

  • National Guard troops to deploy to U.S.-Mexico Border

    Jul 19, 2010

    Up to 1,200 National Guard members will deploy to the U.S. and Mexico border to assist in policing actions in the drug war.

  • Huntoon returns to West Point as 58th Superintendent

    Jul 19, 2010

    Despite the morning's rainfall, Lt. Gen. David H. Huntoon Jr. described it as a beautiful day Monday as he became the 58th Superintendent at West Point.

  • NASA, Army collaboration takes gamers to moon

    Jul 19, 2010

    Eight years after the Army Game Studio launched its initial first-person shooter video game, "America's Army Recon," NASA joined in with the release of its prototype game, "Moonbase Alpha," July 6.

  • Army releases new video to combat suicides

    Jul 16, 2010

    The Army released a candid suicide prevention training video July 15 in an effort to deter the increasing number of suicides amongst troops.

  • Caisson platoon offers adoption program

    Jul 16, 2010

    The Caisson Platoon of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard) has instituted an adoption program that protects its horses from being euthanized.

  • West Point welcomes new superintendent

    Jul 16, 2010

    Lt. Gen. Buster Hagenbeck relinquished command as superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy today to Lt. Gen. David H. Huntoon Jr. today and he said there is no one better to guide West Point forward during this era of persistent conflict.

  • Fort Drum marks 25 years as 10th Mountain Division home

    Jul 16, 2010

    Fort Drum celebrated 25 years as home to the 10th Mountain Division during the post's annual Mountainfest open house July 1.

  • iWatch promotes community awareness

    Jul 15, 2010

    With August recognized as Antiterrorism Awareness Month, the Army is promoting a campaign encouraging and training communities to become extensions of the service's overall force protection plan.

  • ECC wraps up humanitarian mission in Haiti

    Jul 15, 2010

    The January earthquake that devastated the small Caribbean nation of Haiti initiated the immediate mobilization of Expeditionary Contracting Command contingency contracting officers.

  • 'Mountain warriors' capture Afghan insurgent leader

    Jul 15, 2010

    A National Guard cavalry unit from Vermont conducted an air assault and captured an important insurgent leader in a mountain cave in Parwan Province, Afghanistan, June 30.

  • Double amputee takes charge of Wounded Warrior Program

    Jul 14, 2010

    The U.S. Army Wounded Warrior Program gained a new director Tuesday-one who has a lot in common with those he'll be leading. Lt. Col. Gregory D. Gadson, a West Point graduate, lost both of his legs to a roadside bomb in Iraq in 2007.

  • America's museums answer call to serve

    Jul 14, 2010

    After nearly a decade of war, America's military families continue to receive support from sundry sources of finance, entertainment and education -- including now a burgeoning network of more than 800 museums across the country.

  • Indiana farm creates training realism for Soldiers, agriculture teams

    Jul 14, 2010

    The goats are being milked, the horse is waiting to be fed and the barn cats are rolling around with each other in the afternoon heat.

  • Course marks 45 years of turning students into leaders

    Jul 14, 2010

    Waves of college students striving to become U.S. Army officers are spending an intense month at Fort Knox this summer with the annual Leader's Training Course, which marks its 45th anniversary this year.

  • First wave of FORSCOM staff carries 'torch' to North Carolina

    Jul 13, 2010

    FORT MCPHERSON, Ga. (July 13, 2010) - The first of many Soldiers and Civilian staff members of the Army's largest command gathered today at their headquarters to mark the official start of U.S. Army Forces Command's relocation to Fort Bragg, N.C. Dubbed the "Torch Party" departure ceremony, the event included hundreds of FORSCOM staffers, who assembled to recognize 13 members of the first wave of their fellow headquarters personnel departing for North Carolina. These initial "torchbearers" will be joined at Fort Bragg by 37 other FORSCOM staff members from Fort McPherson as they plant the Command's forward element's guidon at the Old Bowley School on Fort Bragg. The mission of the 50-member Torch Party is to begin preparations for the arrival of hundreds with the FORSCOM Advance Echelon to Bragg in October.

  • Trashcan-like UAS useful tool for Stryker team

    Jul 13, 2010

    Short and squat in stature, with spindly legs sticking out underneath and a loud, whiny engine like a leaf-blower on steroids, the gasoline-powered Micro Air Vehicle, or gMAV, won't be winning beauty contests anytime soon.

  • Wounded warriors bike 'Sea to Shining Sea'

    Jul 13, 2010

    Dedicated combat survivors and their supporters are demonstrating their physical prowess and determination as they travel from San Francisco to Virginia Beach during the Sea to Shining Sea cross-country cycling event.

  • Security changes impact some AKO users

    Jul 13, 2010

    Recent security changes for Army Knowledge Online prevented a small number of users with older browsers from accessing the web-based portal.

  • Mobile training team aims to bring resilience to Soldiers

    Jul 13, 2010

    The Army's Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program reached a milestone July 12, when it kicked off another iteration of its Master Resilience Training course at Fort Meade, Md. -- this time using a mobile training team.

  • New scanners reduce customs wait leaving Kuwait

    Jul 12, 2010

    Soldiers traveling from Kuwait do not have to wait as long to clear customs at Camp Virginia and Ali Al Salem. New scanners reduce 'baggage dump' by about 80 percent.

  • Camp helps youth cope with challenges of military family life

    Jul 12, 2010

    Challenges such as a parent deploying can cause overwhelming stress for a child and some family readiness groups have found a way to provide support with fun -- summer camp.

  • Louisiana Guardsmen reinforce oil-protection structures

    Jul 12, 2010

    Soldiers of the Louisiana National Guard are reinforcing oil protection structures along the coasts of Grand Isle and Port Fourchon, La.

  • Second phase of security guard conversion begins in August

    Jul 12, 2010

    Next month, the Army will begin the second phase of converting almost 3,100 installation access control point security guard positions from contractor to federal employee status at 46 locations in the continental United States, Hawaii and Alaska.

  • Guardsman receives Medal of Valor for saving life

    Jul 12, 2010

    A Soldier received the South Carolina Medal of Valor after saving a man ejected from his vehicle after stalling on train tracks.

  • AMC commander discusses BRAC, challenges ahead

    Jul 9, 2010

    The Army Materiel Command headquarters is on track to complete its move from Virginia to Redstone Arsenal, Ala., by July, 2011 said its commander.

  • NATO overcoming obstacles to build Afghan security forces

    Jul 9, 2010

    The campaign to build the Afghan National Security Force to 305,000 members is ahead of schedule and many advances have been made, but a senior officer said there are still obstacles to overcome by October 2011.

  • DLA expeditionary supply depot sets up in Afghanistan

    Jul 9, 2010

    A team from the Defense Logistics Agency will open a distribution facility in Afghanistan to receive, store and issue material needed by U.S. military forces there.

  • Fort Bliss moving toward 'net-zero' energy compliance

    Jul 8, 2010

    Power consumption at Fort Bliss, Texas, has dropped by three megawatts, and the post is looking to shed even more in its quest to become a "net zero" energy installation.

  • Task Force Smith veterans reflect on war experiences

    Jul 8, 2010

    Retired Col. Jack Doody said a person has about three very memorable events in his or her life and being part of Task Force Smith 60 years ago this month is one of his.

  • NATO developing education to 'cross-fertilize' Afghan forces

    Jul 8, 2010

    Ultimately to be successful, Afghanistan will need to develop strong, experienced leaders from within and NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan is creating a system that will help do just that.

  • Some 'Stop Loss' Soldiers to return from Iraq early

    Jul 8, 2010

    Hundreds of Soldiers will leave their units in Iraq and return home early over the next two months to help meet the president's mandated troop strength of 50,000 in the country by Sept. 1.

  • Guard opens language training center in Georgia

    Jul 8, 2010

    The newly constructed Georgia National Guard Language Training Center recently opened its doors at the Clay National Guard Center in Marietta, Ga., and provides the resources necessary for military intelligence linguists to hone their language skills.

  • Innovation aims to reduce collateral damage in Afghanistan

    Jul 7, 2010

    While some commands severely restrict artillery fires, one task force in Afghanistan has taken active steps to reduce collateral damage by developing an alternative method.

  • AW2 Symposium puts GI Bill transferability among top issues

    Jul 7, 2010

    Being able to transfer GI Bill benefits to dependents if medically retired rates high among concerns for wounded warriors, as identified at the Army Wounded Warrior Program Symposium, June 21-25, in San Antonio, Texas.

  • New home brings new life to injured Soldier

    Jul 6, 2010

    One Army veteran, severely wounded in Iraq, has been given a great boost forward to start a new life with his soon-to-be wife.

  • Guard transports oil cleanup crews to Louisiana islands

    Jul 6, 2010

    Soldiers of the Louisiana National Guard's 2225th Multi-Role Bridge Company have been performing transport duties off the coast of Louisiana near Grand Isle and the Grand Terre Islands to assist workers with the oil cleanup effort along the Gulf Coast.

  • Vice chief asks Soldiers to participate in Army STARRS

    Jul 6, 2010

    Vice Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Peter W. Chiarelli, strongly urges Soldiers to participate in a study that will help the service learn more about the causes of suicide and improve prevention efforts.

  • Bidens join Soldiers in Iraq as they become citizens July 4

    Jul 6, 2010

    A total of 156 servicemembers in Iraq became U.S. citizens July 4 as Vice President Joe Biden and his wife, Jill Biden, attended a naturalization ceremony in Al Faw Palace on Camp Victory.

  • Business transformation leaders speak at Army finance conference

    Jul 6, 2010

    The Army's first chief management officer, Under Secretary of the Army Dr. Joseph W. Westphal, and the Army Office of Business Transformation acting director, Lt. Gen. Robert Durban, spoke to participants of the first Army Financial Improvement Plan Conference about transforming and improving Army business processes.

  • Army psychiatrist helping Soldiers in Iraq

    Jul 2, 2010

    Soldiers are known for performing under pressure, but even the hard chargers needs some place to turn when the going gets tough. That's where Maj. Scott Williams, the U.S. Division-South and 1st Infantry Division psychiatrist, at Contingency Operating Base Basra, Iraq, helps them shoulder their burden.

  • Ancient military ceremony marks 100 years of the Grafenwoehr Training Area

    Jul 2, 2010

    The German army honored the 100th birthday of the Grafenwoehr Training Area in Germany, with a Grand Tatoo ceremony on the Grafenwoehr parade field, June 30.

  • Human Resources Command moves to Fort Knox

    Jul 2, 2010

    Two Soldiers with ceremonial rifles flanked three others, each carrying a flag important to the U.S. Army Human Resources Command: the American flag, the Army flag and a third, covered flag.

  • Army officer, author selected as White House Fellow

    Jul 1, 2010

    Out of more than 700 applicants, an active-duty Army lieutenant colonel's name rose to the top of the 2010-2011 White House Fellows program list-a program designed to give participants hands-on experience with the inner workings of the government.

  • THAAD nails lowest target, seventh of seven in testing

    Jul 1, 2010

    The Army launched a Terminal High Altitude Area Defense missile, June 28, from Kauai, Hawaii, which successfully intercepted and destroyed another missile launched just minutes earlier.

  • Soldiers deliver new low-cost means of supply for Iraqis

    Jul 1, 2010

    U.S. Soldiers at Al Asad Air Base not only have an inexpensive way to deliver small items like ammunition, food and water, they have trained Iraqi special operations forces how to do it themselves.

  • FORSCOM, USARC coordinate BRAC relocation

    Jul 1, 2010

    Planners and leaders from U.S. Army Forces Command and U.S Army Reserve Command met to coordinate the next milestone in Base Realignment and Closure relocation of the two commands to Fort Bragg, N.C.

  • NCO wins 20K race-walk national championship

    Jul 1, 2010

    Staff Sgt. John Nunn won the 20-kilometer race walk on June 27 at the 2010 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Des Moines, Iowa.

  • McHugh addresses graves, management at Arlington National Cemetery

    Jun 30, 2010

    Secretary of the Army John McHugh told lawmakers the Army is working now to resolve issues of mishandled gravesites at Arlington National Cemetery and to ensure that the management problems discovered there do not happen again.

  • Puerto Rican government issues birth certificate extension

    Jun 30, 2010

    The government of Puerto Rico on Monday extended the validity of current birth certificates until Sept. 30, giving U.S. citizens born on the island more time to apply for and receive the new, security-enhanced certificates.

  • Captain has special reasons to salute on Fourth of July

    Jun 30, 2010

    This Independence Day marks the fifth anniversary of Capt. Fred Babauta awakening from an 11-day coma after encountering an improvised explosive device in Ramadi, Iraq.

  • Texas Guard prepares for first hurricane of season

    Jun 30, 2010

    About 2,500 members of the Texas National Guard are on standby in anticipation of Tropical Storm Alex, which is expected to become a hurricane and hit the lower Texas coast late Wednesday or early Thursday.

  • Former first lady speaks at PX of life in White House

    Jun 30, 2010

    Former first lady Laura Bush visited the post exchange at Fort Hood, Texas, for a few hours Sunday to meet Soldiers, retirees, civilians and Family members while signing copies of her new autobiography, "Spoken from the Heart."

  • New program brings holistic approach to health, wellness

    Jun 29, 2010

    Commanders charged with addressing the physical, emotional and spiritual needs of Soldiers and families have a new "tool" that focuses all available installation resources on those needs.

  • Guard MPs train in Haiti during New Horizons

    Jun 29, 2010

    Nevada National Guard Soldiers of the 485th Military Police Company participated in the U.S. Army South New Horizons - Haiti 2010 Task Force Kout Men at several engineering and medical training exercise sites in the Gonaives area of Haiti from June 10 to June 26.

  • National Guard battles flood waters in four states

    Jun 29, 2010

    Almost 300 National Guard members from four states helped to battle oncoming and long-gone flood waters last week.

  • Army employees receive Presidential Rank Awards

    Jun 29, 2010

    Army employees who received the Presidential Rank Award Monday saved the service an estimated $4 billion with efficiencies and advanced technology in areas such as infrared sensor technology and tactical software.

  • Army plans network integration exercise

    Jun 29, 2010

    The U.S. Army is planning a brigade combat team integration exercise at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., July 12-16, which will connect Soldiers, sensors, UAVs, networked vehicles on-the-move, command posts and other nodes over long distances through satellite and software-programmable radio as part of an effort to evaluate the progress of its battlefield network, service officials said.

  • Army awards scholarships to eCYBERMISSION national winners

    Jun 28, 2010

    Sixteen teams of regional eCYBERMISSION winners were on edge as they waited for the national winners to be announced June 25.

  • U.S. Soldiers forge new friendships in Indonesia

    Jun 28, 2010

    "What we leave behind will have a positive lasting impact," said Col. Tony Diaz, the U.S. commander for this year's fourth annual Garuda Shield 2010, which drew to a close June 22.

  • Six Soldiers win Armed Forces Taekwondo crowns, qualify for CISM

    Jun 28, 2010

    Six Soldiers won their divisions of the 2010 Armed Forces Taekwondo Championships on June 19 at Blue Mountain Sports Arena.

  • National Guard completes Grand Isle barrier wall

    Jun 28, 2010

    The Louisiana National Guard completed construction of an 8.2 mile long Tiger Dam shoreline protection system along the beach in Grand Isle, La.

  • SMA: New enlisted promotion policy in works

    Jun 28, 2010

    Soldiers in Baghdad were paid a visit by the Army's senior most sergeant June 24, who spoke on a number of issues affecting junior-enlisted Soldiers.

  • Fort Bliss tests new moving target system

    Jun 25, 2010

    Soldiers got their chance June 16 to participate in the first "proof of principle" live-fire exercise on a moving target that turned and adjusted speed along a hidden 350-meter track.

  • Army looking at yoga, acupuncture to treat pain

    Jun 25, 2010

    The Army's healthcare system may soon see changes in how Soldiers are treated for pain, according to a report released by the Army's surgeon general Wednesday which recommends 109 changes.

  • Veterans recall smells, cold of Korean War

    Jun 25, 2010

    War stinks. According to one veteran of the Korean War -- which started 60 years ago today -- it stinks specifically like coal and kimchi.

  • DoD commemorates 60th anniversary of Korean War

    Jun 24, 2010

    The Department of Defense began its commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the Korean War in the Pentagon courtyard June 24, honoring veterans in attendance and the more than 37,000 who died in the three-year war.

  • Guard building coastal barriers to keep out oil

    Jun 24, 2010

    Construction of 8.5 miles of wall barriers by the Louisiana National Guard's 225th Engineer Brigade continues in six areas along the coast of Cameron Parish in an effort to keep oil-tainted water from moving inland.

  • Chiarelli: suicides down, but not enough

    Jun 24, 2010

    While the number of suicides among active-duty Soldiers has fallen, the Army's vice chief told lawmakers that it's not enough.

  • National Guard troops to deploy to Southwest border

    Jun 24, 2010

    About 1,200 National Guard troops will support the Department of Homeland Security in enhancing the security of the nation's Southwest border, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said June 22.

  • Charity helps injured vet start new life

    Jun 24, 2010

    Military members who return home injured face a multitude of challenges to include the inability to move around their homes and perform the simplest of household tasks others take for granted.

  • North Korea attacks across 38th parallel, 60 years ago

    Jun 23, 2010

    Sixty years ago, the Korean War became the first major armed clash between the free world and Communist forces, as the so-called Cold War turned hot.

  • Officials testify to Congress on convoys in Afghanistan

    Jun 23, 2010

    Army and DoD officials told a Congressional committee Tuesday about what they are doing in Afghanistan to keep contracting funds out of the hands of the Taliban and other criminals.

  • Army, Air Force, Iraqis team to conduct fires exercise

    Jun 23, 2010

    Soldiers from the 1st Advise and Assist Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division and Air Force F-16 fighters teamed for four days with the 17th Iraqi Army Division conducting a full-scale defensive fires exercise at the Besmaya Range Complex outside Baghdad.

  • Army begins shipping improved 5.56mm cartridge

    Jun 23, 2010

    The Army announced Wednesday it has begun shipping its new 5.56mm cartridge, the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round, to support warfighters in Afghanistan.

  • Serbian soldiers train with U.S. Army in Germany

    Jun 23, 2010

    Soldiers from the 172nd Infantry Brigade have been partnering with the Serbian Armed Forces here recently helping to build allied partner capacity within Europe.

  • Task Force Kout Men to construct four schools in Haiti

    Jun 22, 2010

    Col. Mike Borrell, the commander of Task Force Kout Men, which in Creole means "Helping Hands," has set two goals for his mission in Haiti this summer.

THE ARMY NOW

More Videos

STAND-TO!
WORLD VIEW(Links to external media)