Military Intelligence --this week in history 6 September, 2012
August 30, 2012
Fort Huachuca, AZ. - Several events, peaking with the abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo Bay, underscored the need for changes to Human Intelligence
The 2004 Department of the Army Inspector General (DAIG)
Report on Detainee Operations identified deficiencies in policy and
procedures regarding the handling and interrogation of detainees.
As a result, in February 2005, the DA G2 issued a memorandum with guidance on the
selection and training of contract interrogators, and in November 2005, the
Defense Department issued a document outlining guidance and directives to
the military service for interrogator training and the conduct of
interrogations. The US Army Intelligence Center (USAIC) began revising its
HUMINT doctrinal manuals to capture these changes in policy and procedures
for HUMINT operations.
The first draft of the manual, an update to FM 34-52 Intelligence
Interrogation (1992), was completed in May 2005. Because the concept of
HUMINT collection had changed substantially since the 1990s, the new manual
was broader in scope and incorporated lessons learned throughout the Global
War on Terrorism. However, the draft manual immediately met with opposition
from Congress and the State Department on a number of sensitive issues.
USAIC reworked the draft to address these issues, and after many months of
effort and review, the HUMINT Collection Operations Field Manual (FM 2-
22.3) was publicly released on 6 September 2006. The new version provided
Geneva Convention protections for all detainees (including those considered
unlawful combatants). Upon its publication, FM 2-22.3 applied to every DoD
interrogator, to include DoD personnel, contractors, military commanders and
their staffs. It also applied to other government agencies and foreign
governments conducting approved interrogations in a DoD controlled facility.
According to Mr Cully Stimson, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for
Detainee Affairs, "First and foremost, the directive describes the core
policies that this department believes are critical in ensuring that all
detainees are treated humanely, and that the laws pertaining to detainee
care and treatment are implemented. It incorporates the prohibitions against
cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment or punishment of the Detainee
Treatment Act, and articulates, for the first time in DoD history, a minimum
standard for the care and treatment of all detainees."