Strep throat: Not your average sore throat
June 29, 2012
People often think that any painful sore throat is strep throat and that antibiotics are needed to make it better. This belief is not true. Strep throat is an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by streptococcal bacteria. The throat gets irritated and inflamed causing a sudden, severe sore throat. Most other sore throats are caused by a virus. Sore throats caused by a virus are also painful. If you have cold-like symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose and coughing, you probably do not have strep throat.
The most common symptoms of strep throat are:
• Sudden, severe sore throat.
• Pain when you swallow.
• Fever over 101 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 degrees Celsius).
• Swollen tonsils and lymph nodes.
• White or yellow spots on the back of a bright red throat.
How do you get strep throat?
People spread the bacteria by sneezing, coughing, shaking hands or close contact with people who are infected. You can also pick up strep by touching objects that were touched by an infected person, (i.e., phones, doorknobs, tables) and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
How can strep throat be prevented?
To prevent infection:
• Avoid close contact with an infected individual.
• Do not share toothbrushes or eating and drinking utensils.
• Wash your hands frequently.
• Strengthen your body's ability to fight off infections with a healthy diet, regular exercise, a good night's sleep and managing your stress.
• Wipe down your phone.
How is it diagnosed and treated?
Strep throat cannot be accurately diagnosed by symptoms or by a physical exam alone. Diagnosis is made by swabbing the back of the throat for a culture to identify the presence of strep bacteria. Sore throats should only be treated with antibiotics if the strep test is positive. Penicillin or amoxicillin are usually the antibiotics prescribed to treat strep throat infection. Antibiotics should be taken for the entire 10 days, even though symptoms are usually gone after a few days. If antibiotics are not taken for the full course of treatment, the infection may reoccur and stronger antibiotics may be needed to treat the infection.
Remember strep throat is not your average sore throat. If you suspect that you may have strep throat, see your healthcare provider.