Army Rangers test new software-defined radio
February 14, 2012
AFGHANISTAN (Feb. 14, 2012) -- The U.S. Army's 75th Ranger Regiment in Afghanistan recently completed an Operational Assessment of the software-programmable Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS) Rifleman Radio, highlighting its ability to share combat-relevant information, voice and data across small units in real time.
"We have just entered the era of the networked Soldier. The individual rifleman now has a game-changing capability," said Col. John Zavarelli, program manager, Joint Program Executive Office, or JPEO, JTRS, Handheld Manpack Small, or HMS.
The Operational Assessment marked the first formal combat use of the single-channel, software-defined Rifleman Radio, which uses Soldier Radio Waveform, or SRW, a high bandwidth waveform which draws upon a larger part of the available spectrum compared to legacy radios to share information and "network" forces.
Rifleman Radio is part of a family of software-programmable JTRS radios, which make use of NSA-certified encryption to safeguard and transmit information; they are built to send IP packets of data, voice, video and images via multiple waveforms between static command centers, vehicles on-the-move and even dismounted individual Soldiers on patrol.
The Operational Assessment of Rifleman Radio is part of an overall acquisition strategy aimed at rapidly and effectively harnessing Soldier feedback as a vital element of procurement and technology development efforts, said Brig. Gen. Michael Williamson, Joint Program Executive
"This is a near perfect example of how early engagement by the Warfighter working closely with the PM and the acquisition community can deliver capability smarter and faster. There was a tremendous amount of work done by the Program Manager, the Rangers and the acquisition leadership within the DoD and the Army to achieve this milestone. You don't wake up one morning and put Soldiers in 'harms way' without a clear understanding of the performance and reliability of the systems they carry. The Rangers spent a lot of time using the radios and clearly had a significant level of confidence in the system and the PM's ability to support the systems during this limited assessment period," Williamson explained.
Rangers liked the size, weight and power of the Rifleman Radio, which provided a battery life of up to ten hours and increased the units' ability to communicate despite obstacles such as buildings and nearby terrain.
The elite Ranger unit, which outfitted several two platoons with the Rifleman Radio while conducting various tactical missions in Afghanistan, indicated that the systems greatly assisted their unit's ability to exchange key information such as Position Location Information, also known as PLI, faster, further and more efficiently across the force, Zavarelli said.
"Communications were effective and reliable. Team leaders and squad leaders benefited from the Position Location Information because of the information carried by the SRW waveform," he said.
Rifleman Radio and SRW allowed the Ranger units to establish a mobile, ad-hoc network wherein squad leaders, commanders and dismounted infantry had the ability to quickly share and view mission essential information - using small hand-held, end-user devices with display screens showing digital maps locating nearby friendly forces and surrounding terrain, Zavarelli
"The Rangers felt the radio was very effective for conducting infantry operations, especially at the small unit level. They experienced an increased effectiveness at being able to drop in on arrive at an objective and conduct a highly specialized mission. Rifleman Radio allowed them to
execute missions very rapidly because they had an improved awareness of where they were in relation to surrounding troops. Mission Command decisions were achieved faster," he added.
Using the software programmable Rifleman Radio and SRW, the Rangers were able to "network " voice, data and information across deploying units in austere environments, without needing to rely upon a "fixed" infrastructure or Global Positioning Satellite, or GPS, systems to communicate across the unit while on-the-move, Zavarelli said.
"With the SRW networking waveform all you have to do is get to the next node. The waveform that we we're using is critical to bending around corners. Instead of having to push through obstacles you just have to hop to the next node. They were in a situation where the networking function worked well for them," Zavarelli explained.
The success of this Rifleman Radio Operational Assessment, which included 125 radios, is expected to inform ongoing JPEO JTRS, Army and U.S. Special Operations Command considerations regarding planned future deployments of the radio. In fact, further development of the JTRS Rifleman Radio is being greatly assisted by feedback from Army Rangers who used the device in theater.
Overall, incorporating feedback from the Rangers is consistent the aims of the Army's ongoing bi-annual Network Integration Evaluations, or NIE, 3,800-Soldier strong evaluation exercises at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., geared toward identifying, integrating and assessing capability,
systems and technologies for Soldiers before they are sent to theater, Williamson explained.
Placing a premium upon Soldier feedback is a key element of the Army's "Agile Process" approach to acquisition, which seeks to expedite development and delivery of emerging technologies by evaluating them in tactically-relevant, combat-like scenarios such as the NIE.
"I think you're starting to see the same level of valuable interaction during the Army's NIEs. The feedback from Soldier's in the stressing field environment provide PMs tremendous insight into the current performance of their systems. Equally important, it validates requirements that drive cost and schedule in programs. The PM is already in the process of developing low cost, high impact changes based on the feedback from the Rangers. I don't think it should be lost on anyone that it is far more cost effective to address change prior to production. This assessment by the Rangers and the assessments by the folks at NIE will go a long way toward helping to procure the tactical network in a cost effective and agile manner," Williamson said.
Ultimately, the Army plans to broadly deploy the JTRS Rifleman Radio across the entire force.