U.S. Army doctrine adapts to fit changing needs, requirements
February 22, 2011
Fort Leavenworth, KS - The Army's most important Field Manuals (FMs) for operations and training have been updated to better reflect some of the key tenets for how the Army will train and operate today and in the future.
Change 1 to FM 3-0, Operations, and FM 7-0 Training Units and Developing Leaders for Full Spectrum Operations, will be introduced at the Association of the U. S. Army (AUSA) Winter Symposium & Exposition at the Greater Fort Lauderdale / Broward County Convention Center, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 23 - 25.
Change 1 to FM 3-0 was developed by the Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate (CADD), a major subordinate activity under the Combined Arms Center (CAC), at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. FM 3-0 is one of the Army's two capstone doctrinal publications; the other is FM 1, The Army.
Change 1 to FM 3-0 reinforces the primary role of commanders in military operations by emphasizing mission command, the means by which Army commanders command and control their forces. It reflects how the human dimension has taken precedence over technology, with emphasis on initiative and responsibility at all levels of command.
Change 1 to FM 3-0 reflects an evolved understanding after nine years of persistent conflict and its impact on how the Army operates. Key changes include: replacing command and control with mission command as both a philosophy and a warfighting function; and replacing the five Army information tasks with Inform and Influence and Cyber/Electromagnetic activities. Other changes include adding hybrid threats to the discussion of the operational environment, describing security force assistance within stability operations, and adding chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high yield explosives (CBRNE) consequence management as a task within civil support.
Supporting the concepts of Change 1 to FM 3-0 is FM 7-0. The updated FM 7-0 is the latest version of the keystone doctrine for Army training. Developed by the Combined Arms Center-Training's Collective Training Directorate, it explains the "what" of training modular, brigade-centric units through the ARFORGEN process. Following the U.S. Army's year 2015 direction for doctrine, this new version of the training manual, is:
- Smaller (38 pages vs. 100 pages for the 2008 version) by focusing on major enduring concepts and reinforcing the use of mission command in training-providing what to do but not saying how to do it.
- Available online through the Army Training Network (https://atn.army.mil). The web-based format links FM 7-0 concepts to "how to" resources such as videos, sample standing operating procedures, best practices and examples of the FM 7-0 concepts-much of which is provided by units.
- Accessible through apps such as the Army Training Network 2GO (ATN2GO), a stand-alone app that downloads ATN content you choose to your iPhone, iPad, Android or other mobile device. ATN2GO also is available at https://atn.army.mil.
Other significant changes in the new FM 7-0 include: integrating leader development as an integral component of unit training management; adopting a single Full-Spectrum Operations (FSO) Mission Essential Task List (METL) that replaces the Core and Directed METL constructs; focusing on training to FSO proficiency against complex hybrid threats in a Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, Multinational environment; emphasizing the importance of becoming highly proficient in a few tasks and then operationally adapting to new missions; and integrating the concepts of mission command, combined arms maneuver, and wide area security into FSO METL training.
The new FM 3-0 can be accessed at http://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/index.asp and the new web-based FM 7-0 will be available starting February 23 at https://atn.army.mil.