• Fort Bragg promotes public access to the installation by providing a number of recreational opportunities, such as bird-watching, on its 18-mile All-American Trail, a registered North Carolina Birding Trail. The All-American trail runs adjacent to several active RCW clusters, and the Natural Resources Team installed interpretive signs along its length. Other public access and recreational opportunities at Fort Bragg include camping, fishing and hunting, with special provisions made by the installation for disabled hunters and fishers.

    Bird-watching is popular on Fort Bragg All American Trail

    Fort Bragg promotes public access to the installation by providing a number of recreational opportunities, such as bird-watching, on its 18-mile All-American Trail, a registered North Carolina Birding Trail. The All-American trail runs adjacent to...

  • Fort Bragg adopts an aggressive Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (RCW) habitat management and forest enhancement program focused on pine stand thinning, hardwood midstory control and growing season prescribed fires. Fort Bragg's longleaf pine ecosystem is dependent upon a cyclic fire regimen, and controlled burns are conducted on one to three year cycles to keep hardwood regeneration to a minimum, thereby preserving RCW habitat. Fort Bragg conducts more controlled burns than any other land owner in North Carolina.

    A cyclic fire regimen helps preserve RCW habitat

    Fort Bragg adopts an aggressive Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (RCW) habitat management and forest enhancement program focused on pine stand thinning, hardwood midstory control and growing season prescribed fires. Fort Bragg's longleaf pine ecosystem is...

  • Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers prefer a habitat of pure pine stands, and will abandon their core cluster area if hardwoods significantly encroach on their habitat.  Lack of suitable habitat conditions may force the woodpeckers to roost out in the open, making them more susceptible to predation and inclement weather.  In addition to prescribed fire, hardwood on Fort Bragg is controlled using mechanical (e.g., chainsaw, hydro-ax, drum-chopper) and chemical (Velpar) methods.

    Hardwood on Fort Bragg must be controlled

    Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers prefer a habitat of pure pine stands, and will abandon their core cluster area if hardwoods significantly encroach on their habitat. Lack of suitable habitat conditions may force the woodpeckers to roost out in the open...

  • Each Red-Cockaded Woodpecker is banded with the cluster's unique color combination on one leg and an individual color-band and a numbered U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service aluminum band on the other leg.  Approximately three weeks after banding the nestlings, staff returns to the cluster and follows the group in order to determine the number of young that fledged and verify the group composition. By banding RCWs in sample clusters, movement and survival of individuals or groups of birds can be tracked over time.

    Banded nestlings are tracked

    Each Red-Cockaded Woodpecker is banded with the cluster's unique color combination on one leg and an individual color-band and a numbered U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service aluminum band on the other leg. Approximately three weeks after banding the...

  • The RCW monitoring program consists of two major areas: annual cavity tree inspections and intensive monitoring of selected managed Red-Cockaded Woodpecker clusters.  Every breeding season the team intensively monitors a minimum of 25 percent of the clusters found on Fort Bragg and Camp Mackall and, from April to July, these sample clusters are checked for a nest on a weekly cycle.  Once a nest is located, the number of eggs present is recorded and the nests are checked regularly until nestlings hatch.

    Nest checks are made weekly

    The RCW monitoring program consists of two major areas: annual cavity tree inspections and intensive monitoring of selected managed Red-Cockaded Woodpecker clusters. Every breeding season the team intensively monitors a minimum of 25 percent of the...

  • Cavity availability is a major concern for the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker, since agriculture, timber harvesting and intraspecies competition for cavities can reduce the availability of nesting and roosting sites.  One method of creating artificial cavities to overcome this issue is the drill technique, which uses a gas-powered drill to create a suitable cavity.  This technique is less invasive to the trees than the insert method and more closely mimics the natural construction method of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker.

    Man-made cavities provide nesting and roosting sites

    Cavity availability is a major concern for the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker, since agriculture, timber harvesting and intraspecies competition for cavities can reduce the availability of nesting and roosting sites. One method of creating artificial...

  • With the insert technique, a chainsaw is used to cut a rectangular hole into the pine tree and then a prefabricated wooden box is inserted.   A metal restrictor plate is added to prevent other woodpecker species from enlarging the entrance to the insert box and then wood putty and paint are added to make the insert look like a natural cavity.   Since efforts began, approximately 2,000 artificial cavities have been created in over 465 clusters to stabilize Red-Cockaded Woodpecker groups and grow the population.

    Artificial cavities help grow the RCW population

    With the insert technique, a chainsaw is used to cut a rectangular hole into the pine tree and then a prefabricated wooden box is inserted. A metal restrictor plate is added to prevent other woodpecker species from enlarging the entrance to the...

  • Fort Bragg's NRT manages and restores wetlands to enhance habitat for migratory birds, butterflies and many rare or endangered flora and fauna. Wetlands provide ideal habitat for one of the five federally-listed species present at Fort Bragg: rough-leaf loosestrife. Other water resources including manmade lakes and impoundements are managed for waterfowl species by reducing water levels to allow vegetation to grow.

    Wetlands provide ideal habitat

    Fort Bragg's NRT manages and restores wetlands to enhance habitat for migratory birds, butterflies and many rare or endangered flora and fauna. Wetlands provide ideal habitat for one of the five federally-listed species present at Fort Bragg...

  • The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (RCW) is a federally-listed nonmigratory bird native to the longleaf pine forests of the southeastern U.S. Fort Bragg contains 81,200 acres of longleaf pines, one of the largest remaining blocks of this forest type in North Carolina. The Fort Bragg NRT uses prescribed fire and other habitat enhancement techniques to maintain and restore habitat for the installation's robust RCW population.

    Many Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers call Fort Bragg home

    The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (RCW) is a federally-listed nonmigratory bird native to the longleaf pine forests of the southeastern U.S. Fort Bragg contains 81,200 acres of longleaf pines, one of the largest remaining blocks of this forest type in North...

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. - Any Soldier who's ever been stationed at Fort Bragg, N.C., is familiar with the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker. This year, the installation won the Secretary of the Army environmental award for natural resources conservation in part because of the way they protect this little bird.

In January 2009, more than 3,100 acres of previously restricted land became available for maneuver training use due to the recovery, monitoring and the management plan established at Fort Bragg years ago to protect the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker.

"By protecting this bird, we have ensured Fort Bragg can continue to meet the needs of the Army and Department of Defense," said Col. Stephen Sicinski, Fort Bragg's garrison commander. "This took a total team effort to maximize the knowledge, capabilities, skills and opportunities to successfully and innovatively accomplish this task."

After more than 70 years of military operations on Fort Bragg, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service restricted activities there in 1990 to provide protection for the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker, whose number had dwindled in the region to only a few hundred breeding groups.

In response, Fort Bragg established a cross-functional team comprised of environmental, public works and training range staff, who balance the requirements of the installation's mission with its natural resources stewardship efforts. Fifteen years later Fort Bragg and their partnering lands met the recovery goal for Red-Cockaded Woodpecker potential breeding groups.

The team continues to execute a rigorous program of habitat management, species monitoring and community education, and the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker continues to thrive as an accepted environmental success story.

"It is important to continue aggressive management because if the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker population continues to thrive, restrictions should be reduced further," said Jackie Britcher, chief of the Fort Bragg Endangered Species Branch.

She explained it is not only important to continue aggressive habitat management but to also continue intensive monitoring to evaluate the health of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker population and document population trends.

"Artificial cavities are woodpecker-specific but other habitat management is ecological at landscape level and valuable to other endangered, threatened, rare and native species," Britcher said. "A healthy ecosystem is critical for supporting quality training lands."

Fort Bragg has transferred the lessons they've learned to other military installations the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker calls home. Because of their success, they are also able to physically transfer birds to other installations to help the region-wide recovery without hurting their own population recovery efforts.

It took several teams working in concert to bring about the increases in the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker population and installation's ability to host meaningful, realistic training at Fort Bragg.

The installation's Endangered Species Branch monitors, surveys and protects the woodpecker population. The Forestry Branch restores the woodpecker's habitat through prescribed burns during the growing season, timber stand improvement, replanting with native species, controlled burning, and hardwood mid-story removal. The Wildlife Branch is also part of the team, enforcing the applicable regulations.

The Master Planning Division and Environmental Management Branch staffs collaborate to ensure impacts to the environment and to operations are minimized or avoided. Those responsible for military readiness are directly involved in decisions regarding natural resource management.

Biologists, trainers and range officers ensure Soldiers adhere to the range regulation restrictions and the environmental management staff coordinates consultations with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and prepares biological assessments, reports and briefings to ensure compliance.

Monthly classes educate incoming military and civilian personnel. Participation in local community activities, such as nature fairs, field days, and children's festivals help keep the installation's neighbors aware of their efforts.

The community, mission and environment are all connected. Everyone has a stake and is committed to protecting the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker.

According to Britcher, if the woodpecker population trends continue, prior to the 2012 breeding season protective markings and training restrictions can be removed from the vast majority of Red-Cockaded Woodpecker habitat on Fort Bragg.

Teams working in partnership, community outreach and stakeholder involvement have been the key to Fort Bragg's success in the past and will ensure the installation has a future where birds can live and Soldiers can train in harmony.

An independent panel of judges comprised of professionals from federal, state and Army organizations recommended Fort Bragg for the award. The Secretary of the Army Environmental Awards represent the highest honor in the field of environmental science and sustainability conferred by the Army

Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for the Environment, Safety and Occupational Health Tad Davis recognized Fort Bragg and the winners of the other eight categories as the best examples of how environmental stewardship and sustainability play a crucial role in the Army's mission readiness.

"The Army recognizes successes that demonstrate mission-driven solutions that protect the environment at installations here and overseas. Whatever we do needs to revolve around supporting the mission, taking care of our Soldiers, civilians, and Families," said Davis. "In simplistic terms the Army, our Army, your Army - is building green, buying green and going green. These winning environmental programs make the Army sustainable thereby impacting generations to come."

Page last updated Fri July 22nd, 2011 at 12:16