5. AMERICA'S ARMY

TOMORROW AND INTO THE

21st CENTURY


The nature of warfare will change in the 21st century as the divisions between the strategic, operational and tactical levels of war become less distinct. The principles and root causes of war, however, will not change, nor will the consequences of being unprepared to fight and win. The Army is moving today to conceive, shape, test, and field an Army prepared to meet the challenges of the coming millennium. America's 21st century Army will be a capabilities-based force, with the ability to conduct simultaneous and seamless operations across the spectrum of conflict.



21st Century Warfare

Advancements in technology will change warfare in the 21st century. Soldiers, America's ultimate weapon, will still be required to close with and destroy the enemy, but emerging technologies will yield new combat capabilities. In fact, technological advances promise to revolutionize future battlefields in five key areas: lethality and dispersion, volume and precision of fire, integrative technology, mass and effects, and invisibility and detectability.

Increased lethality and the corresponding dispersion of forces will significantly change the complexion of the battlefield. The battlefield will remain bloody and dangerous, but as weapons of mass destruction and long-range precision strike weapon systems proliferate, soldiers and units will necessarily become more dispersed. Unit cohesion will become even more important and may be the difference between tactical victory and defeat. To remain capable of providing decisive victory in the emerging environment, America's Army must make major changes in tactics, organizations, doctrine, equipment, force mixes, and methods of command and control.

Future battlefields will also be characterized by significantly increased volume and precision of fires delivered at greater ranges. The Gulf War provided only the first glimpses of how the ability to deliver precise, high volume fires at extended ranges will affect the battlefield. Emerging technology will make the delivery of fires on future battlefields even more accurate and more lethal.

Integrative technologies will have a profound effect in digital communications, intelligence, global positioning and logistics. Technology will allow the commander to visualize the battlespace, the current state of friendly and enemy forces, weather and terrain. The commander will be able to visualize the desired end state and the steps to achieve it in a single system for planning, rehearsal, and execution.

Emerging technologies will allow future forces, though smaller in size, to be more capable of massing decisive effects. They will shoot more often, more accurately, and be better able to transit the battlefield because of improved mobility and communications. Cooperation between different levels of command will increase as advances in global positioning and other technologies enhance the effects of both direct and indirect fires. Units will be able to mass the effects of weapons due to better organization of flexible, tailored task forces. In the 21st century, battlefields will see greater integration of maneuver forces with artillery, engineers, aviation, and the forces of other services. Maneuver will be conducted by small, lethal, mobile and tailorable units. Advanced technology will maximize the benefits of maneuver by increasing the tempo of operations and improving the ability to function day or night and under adverse weather conditions.

As technology permits greater detection at extended ranges and the delivery of fires from over the horizon, the need to become less visible becomes increasingly important. The future land force commander must make the battlefield more transparent for friendly forces and more opaque to opponents. Increased control, volume, range, and lethality of fires provides a distinct advantage to the force that sees and understands the battlefield better than its opponent. Enhanced situational awareness at all levels from the individual soldier through senior commanders contribute to achieving dominant battlespace awareness.

Threats

It is expected that there will be four types of military threat to the United States and its interests in the next century: information warfare; nuclear, biological and chemical weapons; standing armies of foreign powers; and irregular forces ranging from ethnic militias to terrorists.

The information warfare threat is genuine and world-wide. The global con-nectivity and openness of our national information infrastructure makes it vulnerable to interference. Whether at peace or war, U.S. forces can expect an adversary to use advanced technologies to damage, disrupt, or destroy information and communication systems - or the information residing in them.

Nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons are viewed as potential equalizers by states that cannot compete with the advanced technology, wealth, and military power of the United States. These weapons pose a deadly threat, and many potential adversaries are seeking to acquire them.

Standing armies of nations hostile to U.S. interests always pose a threat. Potential adversaries witnessed our awesome power in the Gulf War; however, most states recognize the military power of the United States and will likely try to avoid presenting a direct military challenge. If a military confrontation does occur, they are apt to seek asymmetrical responses designed to exploit perceived U.S. vulnerabilities, such as the sensitivity of the U.S. public regarding military casualties and weaknesses in our reliance on advanced technology.

Conflicts involving irregular forces could draw U.S. involvement. Paramilitary forces, militias, rogue militaries, bandits, terrorists, narco-criminals and other non-state threats can be the most challenging threat. Except for terrorists and criminals, they rarely present a direct threat to the United States, but their skills for creating disorder in peripheral regions routinely result in calls for international intervention. As entrepreneurs of conflict, irregulars usually fight asymmetrically, limiting or even negating the U.S. military's conventional and technological advantages. Such enemies fight unrestrained by laws or ethical codes, while U.S. forces remain bound by internationally accepted standards of conduct. The most capable, adaptable weapon system for this environment is the highly motivated, well trained, and well led American soldier.

Some Constants

As the Army prepares for the 21st century, some things will not change. America's Army will continue to be a values-based organization. The guiding beliefs which characterize the Army will still be described in one word: DUTY. Likewise, the professional qualities of commitment, competence, candor, compassion, and couragewill continue to undergird the belief in duty. These qualities will remain the foundation of our doctrine and of the unique American way of waging war.

The Army's fundamental purpose - fighting and winning the nation's wars - will remain unchanged also. The Army will continue to be involved in operations as diverse as humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping, but success will depend on well trained, disciplined soldiers who are ready for war. The bond between the Army and the nation will also remain firm. We will continue to be partners with the American people for national defense.

The Army Ethos

The Army ethos are the standards and ideals that distinguish, characterize and motivate the Army. They inspire the sense of purpose necessary to sustain soldiers in the brutal realities of combat and help them deal with the ambiguities of military operations where war has not been declared. The Army ethos are succinctly described in the word "DUTY," which means behavior required by moral obligation, demanded by custom, or enjoined by feelings of rightness. Duty compels us to do what needs to be done despite difficulty or danger. Contained within the concept of duty, integrity and selfless service give moral foundation to the qualities the ethos demand of all soldiers. Integrity is the uncompromising adherence to a code of moral values, the avoidance of deception or expediency of any kind. Integrity provides the basis for trust and confidence. Selfless service puts the welfare of the nation and the accomplishment of the mission ahead of individual desires; it leads to teamwork and unity of effort.

Professional Qualities

The core professional qualities of commitment, competence, candor, compassion, and courage are the facets of the pro-fessional soldier's character that undergird the ethos. Commitment is dedication to serving the Nation, the Army, the unit, and one's comrades; commitment is seeing every task to completion. Competence is finely tuned proficiency that ensures success. Candor is unreserved, honest expression. Mission accomplishment and soldier lives depend on the honest answer delivered directly and forthrightly. Compassion is basic respect for the dignity of each individual. Courage, both physical and moral, makes it possible for soldiers to fight and win in the chaos of battle. Physical and moral courage can be the difference between failure and success, whether in peace or in war.

The Army - Nation Bond

Committing the Army commits the Nation. No other single gesture so readily demonstrates U.S. resolve as placing American soldiers in harm's way. The Army's strength always has been, and always will be, the American soldier. Soldiers are our most important asset. An American soldier, on the ground, is the most visible symbol of American determination and will. Committing America's Army makes a strong statement that adversaries cannot misinterpret. The Army makes the most significant investment it can make to the nation's security by properly training, equipping, and supporting our soldiers.

Forging America's 21st Century Army

As the world enters the information age, the Army must stay ahead of changes in warfare. The future force must be prepared to conduct quick, decisive, highly sophisticated operations. It must also be ready to execute peace operations and limited, often protracted, operations against less sophisticated enemies. In the past five years, the Army has accomplished much towards building a capable and versatile 21st century army, but there is still much to do. The Army fully intends to remain the world's most formidable land force in the next century and has developed a plan to convert that vision into reality by taking advantage of the revolution in information technology. America's 21st century Army will integrate emerging information technologies with sound doctrine, reinvented organizations, and quality people to make a smaller force more lethal, more survivable, more versatile, and more deployable.

Force XXI

Simply stated, Force XXI is a process that projects our quality soldiers into the 21st century and provides them the right doctrine, organization, training; and the best equipment, weapons, and sustainment our nation can provide. Force XXI is the Army's comprehensive approach to transforming an industrial age army to an information age army. The product of our Force XXI process will be a versatile army with the capabilities that America needs for the next century - Army XXI. The concept of Force XXI calls for major changes in philosophy, theory, materiel, and organization. The Army must change how we think about war, how we fight and lead on future battlefields, and how we succeed in military operations other than war.

Decisive victory in the 21st century will be achieved by dominating the enemy in speed, space and time, and by achieving and sustaining a high pace of continuous operations in all types of environments. Competitive advantage will derive from the quantity, quality, and use of information. Emerging information and digital technologies significantly enhance the Army's capabilities by creating a synergistic effect among weapons and organizations. In forging our 21st century Army, Force XXI will maximize the science of modern digital technology, the art of integrating doctrine and organization, and the skills of the Army's quality people. Force XXI is enhanced command and control capability. It is not overmatch in every conceivable weapon system. Force XXI looks at the capability to integrate all elements of combat power faster than an adversary.

Force XXI focuses on the following characteristics essential to develop a smaller, more lethal and versatile 21st century Army: quality soldiers, flexible doctrine, tailorability and modularity, joint and multinational con-nectivity, versatility, and shared situational awareness.

Quality Soldiers. Quality soldiers will remain as critically important in the 21st century as they are today. Intelligent, physically fit, highly motivated, educated, and well trained soldiers will be required to leverage technology to its full potential.

Flexible Doctrine. The future strategic environment possesses great potential for operations across the entire continuum of conflict - from war, to lesser conflicts, to peace operations. Leaders must have the skill to apply principles in ways as varied as the scenarios presented. Through flexible doctrine, our leaders and soldiers will be able to adapt tactics, techniques, procedures, and organizations to meet requirements in the future.

Tailorability and Modularity. Strategic lift limitations, other service capabilities, time limits, and other factors require tailoring forces to meet the needs of the joint force commander. Our 21st century Army will be modular in nature to enable the tailoring of necessary force packages. Modular forces will allow the generation, projection, and sustainment of force packages for any contingency.

Joint & Multinational Connectivity. Execution of operations throughout the battlespace demands the use of all service assets. Likewise, political and military considerations will require that most operations involve many nations and agencies. The ability to pass information unhindered among the elements of the joint or multinational force will be essential. Likewise, the operational systems of all elements must be compatible.

Versatility. The requirement to be trained and ready to fight and win remains the Army's absolute priority. The Army also must be capabilities-based, with the ability to conduct missions across the continuum. Future military operations will be characterized by diversity and complexity. Our 21st century Army must possess the requisite versatility to succeed in these operations.

Shared Situational Awareness. Fast, precise communications among all echelons of the force will greatly improve situational awareness and agility of the force. Improved awareness and agility, in turn, produce sig-nificantly better lethality, survivability, com-mand and control, versatility, sustainability, and deployability.

Horizontal Technology Integration

As the Army builds a 21st century force, it faces formidable challenges in mod-ernization. Advanced Technology offers significant operational advantages, but it is expensive and must be tested. When technological breakthroughs do occur, our Horizontal Technology Integration (HTI) initiative allows the Army to capitalize on them and apply the improved capability across the force. The HTI approach simultaneously integrates and fields emerging technologies into different weapon systems and support platforms that work together. Integrating technologies across multiple systems improves warfighting capabilities and interoperability. The Army implements integration within the framework of existing structures and organizations and supports the evolving streamlined acquisition process developed by the Defense Department.

The Army's HTI activities break away from traditional and expensive vertical technology integration and materiel acquisition processes. Through new acquisitions, product improvements and system-component upgrades, we are integrating dissimilar systems. When we field common subsystems, we reduce operational and support costs by allowing standardization of components, simplified maintenance and more efficient use of manpower.

In our technology integration program, the Army is currently applying technologies in four areas which will enhance both the capability and survivability of the future force. One area, known as "Own the Night," permits our forces to achieve tactical surprise and maintain momentum around the clock. The second, Battlefield Combat Identification, provides enhanced situational awareness and reduces the risk of fratricide. A third, Battlefield Digitization, ensures the right information gets to the right warfighter at the right time. Fourth, the Suite of Survivability Enhancement Systems, the newest HTI program, capitalizes on technologies designed to enhance survivability.

Digitization

The digitized battlefield is the cornerstone of the horizontal technology integration initiative. It is critical to ensuring America's Army remains the premier land combat force into the 21st century. Digitization is the application of information technologies to acquire, exchange, and employ timely battlefield information throughout the entire battlespace. It enables friendly forces to share a relevant, common picture of the bat-tlefield while communicating and targeting in real or near-real time. Digitization will enable the Army to collect and exploit battlefield information rapidly. It will reduce the "fog of war" and decrease decision-making time by optimizing the flow of command and control information. Digitization will allow commanders to synchronize effectively and mass combat power at the critical time and place - faster than any adversary can - thereby increasing lethality, survivability, and operational tempo while reducing the potential for fratricide.

The Army Digitization Office (ADO), formed in 1994, integrates digital information technology to ensure seamless digital communications from the sustaining base to the tactical and strategic levels. ADO analyzes elements of architecture, communications and integration, identifies requirements, and evaluates digitization efforts. The ADO also works closely with our sister services and coalition partners to ensure that digitization programs are interoperable.

The Army Enterprise Strategy supports digitization by unifying and integrating a wide range of command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) initiatives. The Enterprise Strategy integrates current doctrine and modernization plans for information systems and addresses the requirements to organize, train, and equip the force. It provides a framework for winning the information war, by focusing on Army information needs as a whole.

A key component of the Army Enterprise Strategy and to supplying warfighters with integrated information systems is the Army Enterprise Architectures. These architectures - Operational, Technical and Systems - define information exchange requirements, mandate and promote use of commercial standards and protocols, and ensure systems are interoperable. In recognition of this focus, the Army Technical Architecture was selected by the Defense Department as the baseline for development of a Joint Technical Architecture.

Command and control will be particularly critical in the high-tempo environment of the future battlefield. The Army Battle Command System (ABCS) is the umbrella architecture that supports the Army from the foxhole to the strategic level. The programs under ABCS -- Army Global Command and Control System (AGCCS) and Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS) -- represent a comprehensive approach to automating command and control.

AGCCS consolidates the development of command and control programs at echelons above corps and implements the Army's extensions to the Global Command and Control System. ATCCS meshes the battlefield command and control systems for commanders and their staffs from corps to battalion and improves interoperability among Army, joint, and allied systems. ATCCS has five systems in various stages of development, testing, and fielding: the Maneuver Control System will integrate all fire support, intelligence, air defense, logistics, and maneuver information; the All Source Analysis System is a computer-based threat integration intelligence system that automatically receives, stores and integrates threat information into intelligence products; the Combat Service Support Control System provides timely situational awareness and force projection information to determine the capability to support current operations and sustain future operations; the Advanced Field Tactical Artillery Data System provides integrated, automated support for planning, coordinating, and controlling all fire support assets; and the Forward Area Air Defense Command, Control, and Intelligence System is an automated means of providing timely target data to facilitate management of the air battle.

Battle Labs

The Battle Labs Program is essential to improve Army requirements and acquisition processes as we prepare for the 21st century. The Army has established six Bat-tle Labs; Early Entry, Mounted Battlespace, Dismounted Battlespace, Command and Control, Depth and Simultaneous Attack, and Combat Service Support. Each of them uses distributed interactive real, constructive, and virtual simulations. These simulations test options to ensure that Army resources are applied against initiatives that provide the best battlefield payoff. The Advanced Concepts and Technology II (ACT II) program allows industry to demonstrate promising technology and prototypes. Each Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) must sponsor and have at least one experiment performed at one of the battle labs. We then rapidly prototype promising technologies to the warfighting customer. The Army works as a team with the developer, user, and industry. This teamwork is critical in simulating, experimenting, and assessing advanced technologies and concepts and determining their potential for use in weapon systems, advanced warfighting concepts, and even organizational improvements.

In our Battle Labs, we can appraise options for joint and coalition warfighting. Our sister services have been active participants in a number of warfighting experiments. The British and German armies are establishing similar battle labs and intend to coordinate programs to ensure interoperability. These joint and coalition linkages provide a real world context in which to develop America's land combat force of the 21st century.

Battle Lab warfighting experiments begin with formal hypotheses derived from contemporary operations. They employ a progressive and iterative mix of constructive, virtual and live simulations, involving field soldiers and units in relevant, tactically competitive scenarios. They use a wide variety of warfighting experiments ranging from narrowly focused scenarios to comprehensive, detailed exploration of complex issues. The latter are called Advanced Warfighting Experiments (AWEs) and address the elements of doctrine, training, leader development, organization design, materiel and soldier system requirements.

AWEs have focused on specific force improvements. Atlantic Resolve provided insights about linking disparate constructive, virtual and live simulations in a "synthetic theater of war." Theater Missile Defense explored ways to integrate national, joint and Army capabilities into a cohesive tactical missile defense force. Prairie Warrior/Mobile Strike Force explored future division-level organizational, materiel, and operational concepts that will influence division redesign efforts. Focused Dispatch evaluated processes and functions of digital connectivity in a mounted battalion task force among fire support, intelligence, combat service support, and battle command. Warrior Focus established the baseline for digitization of dismounted battalion task forces and continued to explore dismounted "own the night" issues.

Experimental Force

The Army uses experimental forces to better understand issues and to develop solutions under realistic conditions with field soldiers and units. Designated as the Army's experimental force on March 15, 1995, the 4th Infnatry Division (Mechanized) (EXFOR) will be the Army's primary vehicle to experiment with information age concepts and technologies. It will include all types of operational forces so that its experiments will provide insights that will benefit the entire Army. It will be organized around information and information technologies. The EXFOR will conduct a brigade-level exercise in February 1997 and a division exercise in November 1997. While the EXFOR will experiment with new technologies in its training and exercises, the primary focus is new organization design and battle command concepts.

Information Age Intelligence

With information age systems, Army intelligence will do much more than merely collect and process data. Information age technology creates the opportunity to detect, target, and attack enemy forces throughout the depth of the battlefield rapidly. Army intelligence operations will be a critical force multiplier, with requirements to simultaneously deny our potential adversaries access to our critical information, to gain intelligence through access and analysis of enemy information, and to engage in operations that will deny enemy use of command and control.

Intelligence in the 21st century Army will differ from the past in five ways. First, commanders will drive intelligence needs and must assume a central position in the intelligence process. Second, intelligence synchronization will ensure intelligence never stands as a separate entity but is synchronized with operational objectives. Intelligence will provide complementary coverage and be driven by operational timelines. Third, split-based intelligence operations will provide efficient, tailored and flexible intelligence support from multiple locations, including nearby sanctuaries and home sta-tions in the United States. Fourth, broadcast intelligence will allow the system to reach echelons and headquarters simultaneously and efficiently. And finally, through tactical tailoring, commanders will package and sequence the intelligence necessary to conduct operations.

The Threat Spectrum Model will support future military operations by reducing the uncertainty of potential threats and providing analytical structure to current assessments and estimates. It integrates general military intelligence with science and technical intelligence for a qualitative, aggregate assessment of a threat force's capability. In order to access patterns and capabilities accurately, the Threat Spectrum Model depicts threats along a spectrum from nonmilitary threats to traditional standing armies.

Army intelligence will support the 21st century Army with a tailored architecture of procedures, organizations, and equipment focused on a common objective and driven by the warfighter's requirements. Support will be comprehensive and virtually seamless from tactical to strategic level.

Theater Missile Defense

Ballistic, cruise, and air-to-surface missiles present a serious and expanding threat to current and future operations. These theater missiles can be technologically unsophisticated, inexpensive, and capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction. To counter this threat, the Army is moving rapidly to field systems such as the Patriot Advanced Capability (PAC)-3, Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), and the Corps Surface-to-Air (SAM)/Medium Ex-tended Air Defense System (MEADS).

Theater missile defense, a joint operation, consists of four operational elements: attack operations; active defensive; passive defense; and battle management/ command, control, communications, and computers and intelligence.

Attack operations are offensive actions to destroy or disrupt enemy theater missile capabilities. In the mid to long-term, the improved Army Tactical Missile System, Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Comanche helicopter, and others will enable the ground commander to extend his reach, reduce sensor to shooter time, improve targeting accuracy, and significantly increase lethality.

Active defense destroys hostile theater missiles, airborne launch platforms, and unmanned aerial vehicles in flight. The Patriot PAC-3 will expand lower tier protected areas and provide increased lethality against enemy missiles. Similarly, for the upper tier, the THAAD system will provide full-range protection against incoming mis-siles both in and above the atmosphere.

For the maneuver force, we are developing an active defense option against very short range theater ballistic missiles. The Army, in unison with France, Germany, and Italy, is developing the Corps SAM/MEADS. Corps SAM/MEADS is the only programmed system capable of providing air and missile defense for Army and Marine maneuver forces.

Passive defense includes operational security, deception, early warning, survivability, and reconstitution measures to reduce the probability and vulnerability of a theater missile attack. Passive defense will be supported by the Joint Tactical Ground Station (JTAGS), which provides a direct downlink into a theater of operations for launch detection warning and impact point prediction data from national level systems.

Battle Management/Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence fuses disparate, geographically separate, active defense, passive defense, and attack operations into a focused effort under the Army Battle Command System. During the Advanced Warfighting Exercise Theater Missile Defense in April 1995, a prototype Theater Missile Defense Tactical Operations Center demonstrated its ability to integrate the four elements of theater missile defense.

National Missile Defense

Over fifteen developing countries possess ballistic missiles and at least twenty-three countries are pursuing weapons of mass destruction. In response to the emerging ballistic missile threat, the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization has developed a joint National Missile Defense (NMD) system architecture. The Army is the Executing Agent for critical components of that architecture, including the ground-based interceptor and ground-based radar elements. The Department of Defense's NMD program is characterized as a Deployment Readiness program, which during the next three years will focus on developing the critical systems and technologies to support a deployment decision. If, at the end of that three year development effort, the ballistic missile threat warrants, the U.S. could deploy an initial NMD system in three years. Based on this "3 plus 3" program approach, an initial operational capability could be achieved in approximately six years. This initial NMD system, with the Army playing a critical role, would be capable of protecting the U.S. against limited ballistic missile attacks.

Space Support

As we enter the 21st century, the Army will continue to use space products. Space systems provide communications; weather and earth resource monitoring; reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition; position, navigation, and digital mapping; missile defense warning. As we look to the next century, space products will help us turn a smaller Army into an even more effective national security asset.

The Army uses space products in virtually every operation. During Desert Shield, early operations were directly supported by graphical maps produced using LandSat imagery. During Desert Storm, satellite communications and navigation provided the land component commander a viable means of controlling the rapid movement of widely dispersed formations. The commander used real time weather data from polar orbiting satellites to anticipate weather effects. During UPHOLD DEMOCRACY in Haiti, space products provided deployed forces with critical video teleconferencing connectivity, near real-time intelligence reports, and high resolution maps.

Space - a force multiplier - is key to future warfighting missions. Space systems enhance operations by providing timely situational awareness. The Army will continue to organize and train forces using space capabilities that make forces more responsive, flexible, interoperable, and survivable. By aggressively exploiting space products, the Army will maintain land force dominance in the 21st century.

TeleMedicine

The Army's TeleMedicine program is a promising information-age capability. It provides around-the-clock medical consultation services. Current technology allows the transference of diagnostic quality images from deployed remote facilities to medical centers. It also allows video teleconsultation with diagnostic scopes (otoscope, endoscope, dermoscope, and oral camera) , high speed file transfer, telephone and facsimile support. Ongoing integration efforts are focused on adding digital stethoscopes, ultrasound, and film digitizers. It is already operational at remote deployment sites throughout the world. Since its initial use in Somalia, remote teleconsultation has been projected to Macedonia, Croatia, Haiti, and Kuwait.

TeleMedicine also allows clinicians in remote locations to confer with medical specialists located at medical centers around the world. This capability enables clinical specialty consultations, improved emergency trauma management, patient evacuation consultation, and continuing medical education. A new concept, Reverse TeleMedicine, will determine whether deployed physicians can continue management of their patients back at their home station.

TeleMedicine has two advanced technology goals. One, Worldwide Consultation, will extend more medical assets to battlefield medical treatment facilities by instantaneously connecting medical officers in the field with specialty consultants in medical centers. The second, Information Access, will integrate TeleMedicine with established medical databases, such as the National Library of Medicine.

Conclusion

America's Army is committed to meeting the demands of the future. With its boots firmly planted in the realities of today's world, the Army is focused on the 21st century. The Army is looking to and planning for the future, while simultaneously responding to the nation's call both at home and abroad. The information age is upon us, and the Army is changing to meet the challenges of this new era. The Army must harness the technology that fuels the information explosion to successfully transform itself from the premier Cold War, industrial-age army to the premier 21st century information-age army. The Army must make this transformation while remaining trained and ready to respond to the nation's call.

We know the capabilities the Army needs in the next century. We have developed a plan to convert that vision into reality. The Army's leaders are committed to forging a 21st Century army - one that is organized, equipped, and manned to maximize the power of the information age.

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