In Section 1412 of Public Law 99-145, Congress directed the DoD
to destroy the United States’ chemical weapons stockpile.
In turn, the Secretary of Defense delegated management of all chemical
munitions disposal to the Department of the Army. On November 29,
2000, the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System, using incineration-based
technology, completely destroyed the last stockpiles stored at the
Atoll, and closure operations began in January 2001. The Tooele
Chemical Agent Disposal Facility has incinerated 44% of the chemical
agents and 81% of the munitions stored there. Disposal operations
at these two sites destroyed 30% of the total U.S. chemical weapons
stockpiles. Construction of incineration facilities at Anniston,
Alabama; Umatilla, Oregon; and Pine Bluff, Arkansas, is complete.
Systemization activities are on-going at Aberdeen, Anniston, Umatilla,
and Pine Bluff. The plan to accelerate the disposal of bulk agents
using a neutralization process at Aberdeen, Maryland, and Newport,
Indiana, has been approved. Anniston and Aberdeen are scheduled
to start destruction in second quarter FY03, and Newport is scheduled
to begin in first quarter FY04.
To comply with treaty agreements and the Congressional mandate,
we must complete the destruction of these weapons by 2007. The treaty
allows for a one time, five-year extension to this deadline. With
continued funding and minimal schedule changes, we will safely destroy
the U.S. stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions at eight
existing CONUS sites.