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Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected Vehicles (MRAP)

What is it?
MRAP vehicles are V-shaped hull, raised chassis, armored vehicles with blast resistant underbodies designed to protect crews from mine blasts, as well as fragmentary and direct fire weapons. Three categories of MRAP vehicles are currently being developed and fielded:

  • Category I vehicles support operations in an urban environment and other restricted/confined spaces; including mounted patrols, reconnaissance, communications, ambulance, and command and control.
  • Category II vehicles provide a reconfigurable vehicle capable of supporting multi-mission operations such as convoy lead, troop transport, explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), ambulance, and combat engineering.
  • Category III vehicles support mine/Improvised Explosive Device (IED) clearance operations and EOD.

The MRAP family of vehicles provides deployed commanders, units, EOD, and combat engineer teams with survivable ground mobility platforms. There is an immediate need for MRAP vehicles to increase the survivability and mobility of Soldiers operating in a hazardous fire area against known threats. The Secretary of Defense has made the MRAP Vehicle Program one of the Department's highest acquisition priorities.

What has the Army done?
The MRAP is a Joint program in which the Army plays a significant role. To rapidly meet operational needs, a sole source contract was awarded on November 9, 2006, for 200 Category II and up to 80 Category III vehicles to bridge urgent combat needs while a competitive acquisition for the balance of Category I and Category II platforms was planned and executed. On January 26, 2007, nine indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contracts were awarded to vendors with demonstrated capabilities to meet the program's overarching objective of producing the maximum number of survivable, safe, sustainable MRAP vehicles in the shortest period of time. The Joint Program Office (JPO) has issued a series of low rate initial production delivery orders with five of the vendors to order a majority of the vehicles.

The requirement for MRAP vehicles has grown from the initial 1,185 vehicles to the 7,774 vehicles cited in the Joint Requirements Oversight Council validated Capabilities Production Document of May 2007, to a refined requirement of 16,238 vehicles, of which, the Army's requirement is 12,010 vehicles. This requirement was validated in November 2008. As of January 5, 2009, 10,902 vehicles have been fielded to units in theater (9,490 in Iraq; 1,271 in Afghanistan; and 141 in Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain).

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The JPO continues to pursue increasingly survivable and mission capable MRAP vehicles via engineering change proposals across the fleet. In mid-July 2008, MRAP production vehicle contractors were challenged to propose lighter, more maneuverable designs with the same or better survivability to meet emerging theater requirements.

The Army's focus is now on developing a lighter, more maneuverable, highly survivable version of the MRAP. In December 2008, the JPO issued a contracting effort for an MRAP All Terrain Vehicle variant that is lighter and more maneuverable but with MRAP survivability for urgent combat requirements in Afghanistan. Testing of existing vehicles is ongoing and will include assessments of planned upgrades and potential future variants.

Why is this important to the Army?
The MRAP family of vehicles provides Soldiers multi-mission platforms designed to protect crews from IEDs, underbody mines, and small-arms fire threats that are currently the greatest casualty producers in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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