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HUMINT: Growing Army Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Capabilities

What is it?
Human Intelligence provides access to information not normally available from other sources or activities. Vital in irregular warfare (IW) and essential to ground commanders in all types of operations, HUMINT expertise and skill sets (including interrogators, military source operations personnel, and strategic debriefers) are required at every echelon. Expansion of Army HUMINT capacity is a key component of Military Intelligence (MI) transformation as the HUMINT force structures will more than double during FY04 to FY13. Beyond force structure, Army HUMINT revitalization is enhancing the training and employment of the HUMINT force at all levels and is driving the development of enabling technologies to improve HUMINT force capabilities and performance.

What has the Army done?
Army HUMINT force structure will increase by more than 3,500 Soldiers and allow us to rebalance our Reserve Components (RC) and Active Component (AC) mix. The Army is programmed to increase AC HUMINT collector end strength from 936 to approximately 3,500 by FY13; over the same timeframe the RC will grow from 1,900 to approximately 3,200 HUMINT personnel. Army HUMINT capabilities at the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) level are expanding significantly to provide forward-based military source operations and interrogation skills where opportunities and operational risk are greatest. Each modular BCT now has three organic HUMINT teams and a HUMINT plans and operations element. Each MI collection battalion, organic to the newly created battlefield surveillance brigades, will provide 35 additional HUMINT teams. The Army is also building three Joint interrogation and debriefing center battalions (84 interrogators each) to provide robust, expert capability in close coordination with military police detention forces. Additionally, the Army partnered with the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence and Defense Intelligence Agency to establish a HUMINT Training Joint Center of Excellence (HT-JCOE) at Fort Huachuca, Arizona to provide advanced skills training. The HT-JCOE now conducts five advanced HUMINT training courses with significantly expanded student throughput synched to the wartime Army Force Generation process.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
Army HUMINT growth is on track and synchronized with Army modular conversion through 2013. We will continue to integrate lessons learned from operational experiences in Afghanistan and Iraq into this critical transformation initiative.

Why is this important to the Army?
Army HUMINT capabilities are essential to success across the full spectrum of military operations, but are especially critical in IW and stability operations where understanding the human dimension and contextual understanding is essential to achieving operational success. As experiences in Afghanistan and Iraq demonstrate, a robust HUMINT capability enables leaders and Soldiers to understand their operational environment, take advantage of tactical opportunities, and mitigate risks.

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