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Document and Media Exploitation (DOMEX)

What is it?
Tactical, operational, and strategic leaders are enabled with accurate information about enemy forces through the rapid and accurate extraction, exploitation, and analysis of captured enemy documents, media, and materiel. Tactically, DOMEX is the collection and exploitation of captured equipment, documents, and media to generate actionable intelligence. The DOMEX is a critical part of target exploitation, especially as it relates to actions on the objective during site exploitation activities.

What has the Army done?
The DOMEX capabilities will also accelerate the timely feedback by higher-echelon analytical fusion centers for ground tactical commanders. When conducted properly, DOMEX operations can:

  • Enhance the quality and timeliness of information gained from captured documents and media.
  • Provide useful, exploitable information to our Soldiers across the spectrum of conflict and the full range of military operations.
  • Support criminal prosecution/ legal processes by maintaining chain of custody procedures and preserving the evidentiary value of captured materiel.

The Department of the Army (DA) G-2 has designated the National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) as the dedicated Army DOMEX program manager responsible for the creation, development, and training of Army DOMEX teams. The Army DOMEX program has established tactics, techniques, and procedures which support the development of unit standing operating procedures in coordination with DOMEX standards developed by the Intelligence and Security Command, DA G-2, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the United States Army Intelligence Center (USAIC), and the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC). The Army DOMEX program provides direct support to combatant commanders, trains Soldiers and Joint personnel preparing to deploy, supports the reach language support program (a reach back language translation service), and reinforces tactical operational efforts by connecting those formations with the Harmony database system (the consolidated national repository for captured documents and media), integrating new hardware/software tools, and fielding deployable system enhancements. The Army has led the way in the Department of Defense's (DoD) implementation of DOMEX as an intelligence multiplier and key component of target exploitation in the tactical and operational environment. The Army oversees the Harmony database with program management and operations centered at NGIC. In 2002, the Director of Central Intelligence designated the Harmony national database as the intelligence community's central repository for acquired documents and media. Subsequently, the Director of National Intelligence has endorsed this policy designation.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The USAIC is working to finalize Training Circular 2-91.8, DOMEX Enabled Intelligence, in FY09 to incorporate DOMEX into Army doctrine and training. During the October 2007 DOMEX Symposium hosted by the DA G-2, the Army determined that a multi-disciplined DOMEX exploitation and analysis team is required for the future Brigade Combat Team, and DOMEX management teams are necessary for the future Army division and Army service component command headquarters. Force design update efforts by TRADOC and DA G-2 are underway in the Total Army Analysis FY10-15 which will add these DOMEX capabilities (teams) to both the active and reserve force. The Army will continue to operate and enhance the Harmony database system in order to serve as the primary DoD DOMEX repository. Additionally, the Army will develop and deploy a tactical media exploitation network capable of electronically transferring captured enemy media from various locations to distributed exploitation sites in support of tactical operations.

Why is this important to the Army?
The demand for accurate and timely DOMEX information has grown tremendously in recent years. The DOMEX is not a new concept. The gathering of intelligence from documents and other materiel has been practiced from the beginning of warfare and throughout history. Commanders now recognize that shared DOMEX is a force multiplier at every echelon and that DOMEX assets must be pushed down to the tactical level in order to enable the rapid exploitation and evacuation of the captured materiel for follow-on operations

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