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Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Program

What is it?
BRAC refers to the process the Department of Defense (DoD) uses to reorganize its installation infrastructure. The BRAC gives the Army the authority to more efficiently and effectively dispose of excess facilities and installations while realigning and reconfiguring the remaining infrastructure to increase operational capacity and fighting capability. BRAC also takes advantage of the efficiencies realized through consolidation of Joint activities. This allows the Army to redistribute resources from surplus installations to other high-priority requirements. BRAC provides the Army with a comprehensive review of its installation inventory and enables the realignment of base facilities with the modular units of the Future Force.

What has the Army done?
The Army has aggressively begun implementation of its portion (53 percent) of the DoD program. The Army, as it continues to execute BRAC 2005, must simultaneously maintain its ability to execute each of its primary missions:

  • Conduct, support, and sustain the Overseas Contingency Operations.
  • Support homeland defense initiatives.
  • Maintain the ability to win decisively where necessary.
  • Provide force protection for Soldiers, their Families and Army Civilians.
  • Continue transformation from divisions to the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) construct.
  • Be a responsive member of the Joint Force.

The recommendations of BRAC 2005 go further into realigning to support these missions than merely disposing of excess Cold War capacity as was the thrust of BRAC the previous four rounds. The Army's program is more than three times larger than the four previous Army BRAC rounds combined. Under BRAC 2005, the Army will close 13 Active Component installations, 387 Reserve Component installations, and 8 leased facilities. It also realigns 53 installations and functions and creates 125 multi-component Armed Forces Reserve Centers.

The Army developed 102 business plans that resulted in more than 1100 actions. These plans represent the Army BRAC requirements and collectively provide our budget input, the means for measuring our cost and savings associated with each recommendation, and the means for achieving full implementation by September 15, 2011. A majority of the BRAC actions are dependent on construction at gaining installations with; 75 percent of the total program dedicated to funding more than 300 major construction projects. Fiscal Year 2008 was the third year of the six-year BRAC execution window. In FY08, the Army awarded 77 construction projects valued at $3.4 Billion, adding to the 71 already awarded in FY06 and FY07. To date, the Army has completed nine of these projects. The Army has also completed 77 National Environmental Policy Act actions, closed 1 active installation and 15 U.S. Army Reserve Centers, terminated 9 leases, and disposed of 1,133 excess acres from BRAC 2005 properties.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The program remains fully funded and on track to meet the September 15, 2011 deadline. However, with over half of the construction projects still to be awarded, and more than 800 unit/activity moves remaining, timely receipt of that funding in the remaining years of the program will be critical to successful completion of an already significantly compressed implementation schedule. With proper resourcing and the help of partner BRAC communities, the Army will meet all its BRAC goals while complying with the law.

Once completed, the Army BRAC execution should meet the following goals:

  • Reduce cost and generate savings.
  • Optimize military value.
  • Advance the Army Modular Force Initiative.
  • Accommodate the rebasing of overseas units.
  • Enable transformation of both the Active and Reserve Components as well as rebalancing of the forces.
  • Contribute to Joint operations.
  • Promote the well-being of Soldiers and their Families.

Why is this important to the Army?
With regard to overall Army transformation, it is important to note that Army BRAC recommendations are inextricably linked to the Army initiatives. The BRAC realignments will provide the optimum infrastructure to stand up, train, support, and rapidly deploy our BCTs. The BRAC program provides the primary mechanism and basis for locating our forces on installations that facilitate rapid deployment in support of global requirements against potential adversaries who threaten our security.

 
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